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Title: THE COUPLING BETWEEN THE CORE/CUSP AND MISSING SATELLITE PROBLEMS

Abstract

We calculate the energy that baryons must inject into cold dark matter (CDM) halos in order to remove centrally divergent DM cusps on scales relevant to observations of dwarf spheroidal galaxies (dSphs). We estimate that the CDM halos often associated with the Milky Way's dSphs (M{sub vir}/M{sub Sun} {approx} 10{sup 9-10}) require {Delta}E {approx} 10{sup 53-55} erg in order to form cores on scales comparable to the luminous size of these galaxies. While supernova Type II (SNeII) explosions can in principle generate this energy, the actual contribution is limited by the low star formation efficiency implied by the abundance of luminous satellites. Considering that CDM's well-known 'core/cusp' and 'missing satellite' problems place opposing demands on star formation efficiencies, existing observational evidences for large cores in the most luminous dSphs require that CDM models invoke some combination of the following: (1) efficient (of the order of unity) coupling of SNeII energy into dark matter particles, (2) star formation histories peaking at unexpectedly high redshifts (z {approx}> 6), (3) a top-heavy stellar initial mass function, and/or (4) substantial satellite disruption or other stochastic effects to ease the substructure abundance constraints. Our models show that the tension between CDM problems on small scalesmore » would increase if cored DM profiles were to be found in fainter dwarfs.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. Instituto de Astrofisica de Andalucia-CSIC, Glorieta de la Astronomia, E-18008 Granada (Spain)
  2. Oxford Astrophysics, University of Oxford, Denys Wilkinson Bldg., Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3RH (United Kingdom)
  3. Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden St., Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)
  4. Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22078431
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Astrophysical Journal Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 759; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 2041-8205
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ABUNDANCE; BARYONS; COUPLING; CUSPED GEOMETRIES; MASS; MILKY WAY; NONLUMINOUS MATTER; RED SHIFT; SATELLITES; STARS; STOCHASTIC PROCESSES; SUPERNOVAE

Citation Formats

Penarrubia, Jorge, Pontzen, Andrew, Walker, Matthew G., and Koposov, Sergey E., E-mail: jorpega@iaa.es. THE COUPLING BETWEEN THE CORE/CUSP AND MISSING SATELLITE PROBLEMS. United States: N. p., 2012. Web. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/759/2/L42.
Penarrubia, Jorge, Pontzen, Andrew, Walker, Matthew G., & Koposov, Sergey E., E-mail: jorpega@iaa.es. THE COUPLING BETWEEN THE CORE/CUSP AND MISSING SATELLITE PROBLEMS. United States. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/759/2/L42.
Penarrubia, Jorge, Pontzen, Andrew, Walker, Matthew G., and Koposov, Sergey E., E-mail: jorpega@iaa.es. Sat . "THE COUPLING BETWEEN THE CORE/CUSP AND MISSING SATELLITE PROBLEMS". United States. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/759/2/L42.
@article{osti_22078431,
title = {THE COUPLING BETWEEN THE CORE/CUSP AND MISSING SATELLITE PROBLEMS},
author = {Penarrubia, Jorge and Pontzen, Andrew and Walker, Matthew G. and Koposov, Sergey E., E-mail: jorpega@iaa.es},
abstractNote = {We calculate the energy that baryons must inject into cold dark matter (CDM) halos in order to remove centrally divergent DM cusps on scales relevant to observations of dwarf spheroidal galaxies (dSphs). We estimate that the CDM halos often associated with the Milky Way's dSphs (M{sub vir}/M{sub Sun} {approx} 10{sup 9-10}) require {Delta}E {approx} 10{sup 53-55} erg in order to form cores on scales comparable to the luminous size of these galaxies. While supernova Type II (SNeII) explosions can in principle generate this energy, the actual contribution is limited by the low star formation efficiency implied by the abundance of luminous satellites. Considering that CDM's well-known 'core/cusp' and 'missing satellite' problems place opposing demands on star formation efficiencies, existing observational evidences for large cores in the most luminous dSphs require that CDM models invoke some combination of the following: (1) efficient (of the order of unity) coupling of SNeII energy into dark matter particles, (2) star formation histories peaking at unexpectedly high redshifts (z {approx}> 6), (3) a top-heavy stellar initial mass function, and/or (4) substantial satellite disruption or other stochastic effects to ease the substructure abundance constraints. Our models show that the tension between CDM problems on small scales would increase if cored DM profiles were to be found in fainter dwarfs.},
doi = {10.1088/2041-8205/759/2/L42},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal Letters},
issn = {2041-8205},
number = 2,
volume = 759,
place = {United States},
year = {2012},
month = {11}
}