skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Effect of lanthanide contraction on the mixed polyamine systems Ln/Sb/Se/(en+dien) and Ln/Sb/Se/(en+trien): Syntheses and characterizations of lanthanide complexes with a tetraelenidoantimonate ligand

Abstract

Mixed polyamine systems Ln/Sb/Se/(en+dien) and Ln/Sb/Se/(en+trien) (Ln=lanthanide, en=ethylenediamine, dien=diethylenetriamine, trien=triethylenetetramine) were investigated under solvothermal conditions, and novel mixed-coordinated lanthanide(III) complexes [Ln(en){sub 2}(dien)({eta}{sup 2}-SbSe{sub 4})] (Ln=Ce(1a), Nd(1b)), [Ln(en){sub 2}(dien)(SbSe{sub 4})] (Ln=Sm(2a), Gd(2b), Dy(2c)), [Ln(en)(trien)({mu}-{eta}{sup 1},{eta}{sup 2}-SbSe{sub 4})]{sub {infinity}} (Ln=Ce(3a), Nd(3b)) and [Sm(en)(trien)({eta}{sup 2}-SbSe{sub 4})] (4a) were prepared. Two structural types of lanthanide selenidoantimonates were obtained across the lanthanide series in both en+dien and en+trien systems. The tetrahedral anion [SbSe{sub 4}]{sup 3-} acts as a monodentate ligand mono-SbSe{sub 4}, a bidentate chelating ligand {eta}{sup 2}-SbSe{sub 4} or a tridentate bridging ligand {mu}-{eta}{sup 1},{eta}{sup 2}-SbSe{sub 4} to the lanthanide(III) center depending on the Ln{sup 3+} ions and the mixed ethylene polyamines, indicating the effect of lanthanide contraction on the structures of the lanthanide(III) selenidoantimonates. The lanthanide selenidoantimonates exhibit semiconducting properties with E{sub g} between 2.08 and 2.51 eV. - Graphical Abstract: Two structural types of lanthanide(III) selenidoantimonates are formed in both en-dien and en-trien mixed polyamines across lanthanide series, indicating the lanthanide contraction effect on the structures of the lanthanide(III) selenidoantimonates. Highlights: > Two structural types of lanthanide selenidoantimonates are prepared across the lanthanide series in both Ln/Sb/Se/(en+dien) and Ln/Sb/Se/(en+trien) systems. > The [SbSe{sub 4}]{sup 3-} anion acts as a mono-SbSe{sub 4}, amore » {eta}{sup 2}-SbSe{sub 4} or a {mu}-{eta}{sup 1},{eta}{sup 2}-SbSe{sub 4} ligand to the Ln{sup 3+} ions. > The soft base ligand [SbSe{sub 4}]{sup 3-} can be controlled to coordinate to the Ln{sup 3+} ions with en+dien and en+trien as co-ligands.« less

Authors:
; ; ;  [1];  [1]
  1. Key Laboratory of Organic Synthesis of Jiangsu Province, College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Dushu Lake Campus, Soochow University, No. 199 Hengyi Road, Suzhou 215123 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21580108
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 184; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: DOI: 10.1016/j.jssc.2011.03.039; PII: S0022-4596(11)00150-2; Copyright (c) 2011 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ANIONS; CONTRACTION; LIGANDS; RARE EARTH COMPLEXES; RARE EARTHS; SYNTHESIS; TETA; AMINES; CHARGED PARTICLES; COMPLEXES; ELEMENTS; IONS; METALS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS

Citation Formats

Zhao Jing, Liang Jingjing, Pan Yingli, Zhang Yong, and Jia Dingxian, E-mail: jiadingxian@suda.edu.cn. Effect of lanthanide contraction on the mixed polyamine systems Ln/Sb/Se/(en+dien) and Ln/Sb/Se/(en+trien): Syntheses and characterizations of lanthanide complexes with a tetraelenidoantimonate ligand. United States: N. p., 2011. Web. doi:10.1016/j.jssc.2011.03.039.
Zhao Jing, Liang Jingjing, Pan Yingli, Zhang Yong, & Jia Dingxian, E-mail: jiadingxian@suda.edu.cn. Effect of lanthanide contraction on the mixed polyamine systems Ln/Sb/Se/(en+dien) and Ln/Sb/Se/(en+trien): Syntheses and characterizations of lanthanide complexes with a tetraelenidoantimonate ligand. United States. doi:10.1016/j.jssc.2011.03.039.
Zhao Jing, Liang Jingjing, Pan Yingli, Zhang Yong, and Jia Dingxian, E-mail: jiadingxian@suda.edu.cn. 2011. "Effect of lanthanide contraction on the mixed polyamine systems Ln/Sb/Se/(en+dien) and Ln/Sb/Se/(en+trien): Syntheses and characterizations of lanthanide complexes with a tetraelenidoantimonate ligand". United States. doi:10.1016/j.jssc.2011.03.039.
@article{osti_21580108,
title = {Effect of lanthanide contraction on the mixed polyamine systems Ln/Sb/Se/(en+dien) and Ln/Sb/Se/(en+trien): Syntheses and characterizations of lanthanide complexes with a tetraelenidoantimonate ligand},
author = {Zhao Jing and Liang Jingjing and Pan Yingli and Zhang Yong and Jia Dingxian, E-mail: jiadingxian@suda.edu.cn},
abstractNote = {Mixed polyamine systems Ln/Sb/Se/(en+dien) and Ln/Sb/Se/(en+trien) (Ln=lanthanide, en=ethylenediamine, dien=diethylenetriamine, trien=triethylenetetramine) were investigated under solvothermal conditions, and novel mixed-coordinated lanthanide(III) complexes [Ln(en){sub 2}(dien)({eta}{sup 2}-SbSe{sub 4})] (Ln=Ce(1a), Nd(1b)), [Ln(en){sub 2}(dien)(SbSe{sub 4})] (Ln=Sm(2a), Gd(2b), Dy(2c)), [Ln(en)(trien)({mu}-{eta}{sup 1},{eta}{sup 2}-SbSe{sub 4})]{sub {infinity}} (Ln=Ce(3a), Nd(3b)) and [Sm(en)(trien)({eta}{sup 2}-SbSe{sub 4})] (4a) were prepared. Two structural types of lanthanide selenidoantimonates were obtained across the lanthanide series in both en+dien and en+trien systems. The tetrahedral anion [SbSe{sub 4}]{sup 3-} acts as a monodentate ligand mono-SbSe{sub 4}, a bidentate chelating ligand {eta}{sup 2}-SbSe{sub 4} or a tridentate bridging ligand {mu}-{eta}{sup 1},{eta}{sup 2}-SbSe{sub 4} to the lanthanide(III) center depending on the Ln{sup 3+} ions and the mixed ethylene polyamines, indicating the effect of lanthanide contraction on the structures of the lanthanide(III) selenidoantimonates. The lanthanide selenidoantimonates exhibit semiconducting properties with E{sub g} between 2.08 and 2.51 eV. - Graphical Abstract: Two structural types of lanthanide(III) selenidoantimonates are formed in both en-dien and en-trien mixed polyamines across lanthanide series, indicating the lanthanide contraction effect on the structures of the lanthanide(III) selenidoantimonates. Highlights: > Two structural types of lanthanide selenidoantimonates are prepared across the lanthanide series in both Ln/Sb/Se/(en+dien) and Ln/Sb/Se/(en+trien) systems. > The [SbSe{sub 4}]{sup 3-} anion acts as a mono-SbSe{sub 4}, a {eta}{sup 2}-SbSe{sub 4} or a {mu}-{eta}{sup 1},{eta}{sup 2}-SbSe{sub 4} ligand to the Ln{sup 3+} ions. > The soft base ligand [SbSe{sub 4}]{sup 3-} can be controlled to coordinate to the Ln{sup 3+} ions with en+dien and en+trien as co-ligands.},
doi = {10.1016/j.jssc.2011.03.039},
journal = {Journal of Solid State Chemistry},
number = 6,
volume = 184,
place = {United States},
year = 2011,
month = 6
}
  • Polymeric lanthanide complexes with thiostannate and polyamine mixed ligands, [Ln(peha)(μ–SnS{sub 4}H)]{sub n} [Ln=La (1a), Nd (1b)] and [(Ln(tepa)(μ–OH)){sub 2}(μ–Sn{sub 2}S{sub 6})]{sub n}nH{sub 2}O [Ln=Nd (2a), Sm (2b), Gd (2c), Dy (2d)] (peha=pentaethylenehexamine, tepa=tetraethylenepentamine) were respectively prepared in peha and tepa coordinative solvents by the solvothermal methods. In 1a and 1b, the Ln{sup 3+} ions are coordinated by a hexadentate peha ligand forming [Ln(peha)]{sup 3+} units. The [SnS{sub 4}H]{sup 3−} anion chelates a [Ln(peha)]{sup 3+} unit via two S atoms and coordinates to another [Ln(peha)]{sup 3+} unit via the third S atom. As a result, the [Ln(peha)]{sup 3+} units are connectedmore » into coordination polymers [Ln(peha)(μ–SnS{sub 4}H)]{sub n} by an unprecedented tridentate μ–η{sup 1},η{sup 2}–SnS{sub 4}H bridging ligands. In 2a–2d, the Ln{sup 3+} ions are coordinated by a pentadentate tepa ligand, and two [Ln(tepa)]{sup 3+} units are joined by two μ–OH bridges to form a binuclear [(Ln(tepa)(μ–OH)){sub 2}]{sup 4+} unit. Behaving as a bidentate μ–η{sup 1}, η{sup 1}–Sn{sub 2}S{sub 6} bridging ligand, the Sn{sub 2}S{sub 6} unit connects [(Ln(tepa)(μ–OH)){sub 2}]{sup 4+} units into a neutral coordination polymer [(Ln(tepa)(μ–OH)){sub 2}(μ–Sn{sub 2}S{sub 6})]{sub n} via the trans S atoms. The Ln{sup 3+} ions are in distorted monocapped square antiprismatic and bicapped trigonal prismatic environments in [(Ln(peha)(μ–SnS{sub 4}H)]{sub n} and [(Ln(tepa)(μ–OH)){sub 2}(μ–Sn{sub 2}S{sub 6})]{sub n}, respectively. The denticities of ethylene polyamine play an important role on the formation and complexation of the thiostannate in the presence of lanthanide ions. Compounds 1a–2d show well-defined absorption edges with band gaps between 2.81 and 3.15 eV. - Graphical abstract: Lanthanide coordination polymers concerning thiostannate ligands were prepared by the solvothermal methods, and μ{sub 3}–SnS{sub 4}H and μ–Sn{sub 2}S{sub 6} ligands to Ln(III) centers were obtained. - Highlights: • Lanthanide coordination polymers were prepared in polyamines with higher denticity. • The μ–η{sup 1},η{sup 2}–SnS{sub 4}H and μ–η{sup 1},η{sup 1}–Sn{sub 2}S{sub 6} ligands to Ln(III) centers were obtained. • Effect of amine on the complexation of Ln(III) with thiostannate is observed.« less
  • Solvothermal reactions of Ln{sub 2}O{sub 3}, As and S in diethylenetriamine (dien) at 170 °C for 6 days afforded two structural types of lanthanide thioarsenates with the general formulae [Ln(dien){sub 2}(μ-1κ,2κ{sup 2}-AsS{sub 4})]{sub n} [Ln=Sm(1), Eu(2), Gd(3)] and [Ln(dien){sub 2}(1κ{sup 2}-AsS{sub 4})] [Ln=Tb(4), Dy(5), Ho(6)]. The Ln{sub 2}O{sub 3} oxides were converted to [Ln(dien){sub 2}]{sup 3+} complex units in the solvothermal reactions. The As atom binds four S atoms, forming a tetrahedral AsS{sub 4} unit. In 1−3, the AsS{sub 4} units interconnect the [Ln(dien){sub 2}]{sup 3+} cations via Ln−S bonds as tridentate μ-1κ,2κ{sup 2}-AsS{sub 4} bridging ligands, resulting in themore » neutral coordination polymers [Ln(dien){sub 2}(μ-1κ,2κ{sup 2}-AsS{sub 4})]{sub n} (Ln1). In 4−6, the AsS{sub 4} units coordinate with the Ln{sup 3+} ion of [Ln(dien){sub 2}]{sup 3+} as 1κ{sup 2}-AsS{sub 4} chelating ligands to form neutral coordination compounds [Ln(dien){sub 2}(1κ{sup 2}-AsS{sub 4})] (Ln2). The Ln{sup 3+} ions are in nine- and eight-coordinated environments in Ln1 and Ln2, respectively. The formation of Ln1 and Ln2 is related with ionic size of the Ln{sup 3+} ions. Optical absorption spectra showed that 1−6 have potential use as semiconductors with the band gaps in the range 2.18−3.21 eV. - Graphical abstract: Two types of Ln-thioarsenates [Ln(dien){sub 2}(μ-1κ,2κ{sup 2}-AsS{sub 4})]{sub n} and [Ln(dien){sub 2}(1κ{sup 2}-AsS{sub 4})] were prepared by solvothermal methods and the soft Lewis basic AsS{sub 4}{sup 3–} ligand to Ln(III) centers with polyamine co-ligand was obtained. Display Omitted - Highlights: • Lanthanide thioarsenates were prepared by solvothermal methods. • The soft Lewis basic AsS{sub 4} ligand coordinate Ln{sup 3+} ions with coexistence polyamine ligands. • Two structural types of Ln-thioarsenates with structural turnover at Tb were obtained along Ln series. • The Ln-thioarsenates are potential semiconductors with optical band gaps in the range 2.18−3.21 eV.« less
  • Two types of lanthanide selenidoantimonates [Ln(en){sub 4}(SbSe{sub 4})] (Ln=Ce(1a), Pr(1b)) and [Ln(en){sub 4}]SbSe{sub 4}.0.5en (Ln=Eu(2a), Gd(2b), Er(2c), Tm(2d), Yb(2e); en=ethylenediamine) were solvothermally synthesized by reactions of LnCl{sub 3}, Sb and Se with the stoichiometric ratio in en solvent at 140 deg. C. The four-en coordinated lanthanide complex cation [Ln(en){sub 4}]{sup 3+} formed in situ balances the charge of SbSe{sub 4}{sup 3-} anion. In compounds 1a and 1b, the SbSe{sub 4}{sup 3-} anion act as a monodentate ligand to coordinate complex [Ln(en){sub 4}]{sup 3+} and the neutral compound [Ln(en){sub 4}(SbSe{sub 4})] is formed. The Ln{sup 3+} ion has a nine-coordinated environmentmore » involving eight N atoms and one Se atom forming a distorted monocapped square antiprism. In 2a-2e the lanthanide(III) ion exists as isolated complex [Ln(en){sub 4}]{sup 3+}, in which the Ln{sup 3+} ion is in a bicapped trigonal prism geometry. A systematic investigation of the crystal structures reveals that two types of structural features of these lanthanide selenidoantimonates are related with lanthanides contraction across the lanthanide series. TG curves show that compounds 1a-1b and 2a-2e remove their organic components in one and two steps, respectively. - Graphical abstract: Two types of lanthanide selenidoantimonates [Ln(en){sub 4}(SbSe{sub 4})] (Ln=Ce, Pr) and [Ln(en){sub 4}]SbSe{sub 4}.0.5en (Ln=Eu, Gd, Er, Tm, Yb; en=ethylenediamine) have been synthesized under the mild solvothermal conditions, and a systematic investigation of the crystal structures reveals that two types of structural features of these lanthanide selenidoantimonates are related with lanthanides contraction across the lanthanide series.« less
  • Chemical preparation and structural characterization of technetium oxide anion and rhenium oxide anion complexes with tetradentate phosphino-amido ligands is presented here. X-ray crystallography was used to elucidate the structures of various salts of the Tc and Re oxo complexes.
  • A series of compounds based on the macrocyclic ligand cyclohexanocucurbit[6]uril (Cy6Q[6]) with formulas (Ln(H{sub 2}O){sub 6}Cy6Q[6])·2(CdCl{sub 4})·H{sub 3}O·xH{sub 2}O [isomorphous with Ln=La (1), Ce (2), Pr (3) and Nd (4), x=11 (1), 11 (2), 10 (3) and 11 (4)], (Sm(H{sub 2}O){sub 5}Cy6Q[6])·2(CdCl{sub 4})·H{sub 3}O·10H{sub 2}O (5) and (Ln(H{sub 2}O){sub 5}(NO{sub 3})@Cy6Q[6])·2(CdCl{sub 4})·2H{sub 3}O·xH{sub 2}O [isomorphous with Ln=Gd (6), Tb (7) and Dy (8), x=8 (6), 6 (7) and 6 (8)], have been successfully synthesized by the self-assembly of Cy6Q[6] with the corresponding lanthanide nitrate under hydrochloric acid aqueous solution in the presence of CdCl{sub 2}. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses revealedmore » that compounds 1–8 all crystallize in monoclinic space group P2{sub 1}/c, and display 1D coordination polymer structures. The lanthanide contraction effect on the structures of 1–8 has also been investigated and discussed in detail. In contrast, the reaction of Cy6Q[6] with the Ho(NO){sub 3}, Tm(NO){sub 3}, Yb(NO){sub 3} under the same conditions resulted in the compounds 9–11 with formulas Cy6Q[6]·2(CdCl{sub 4})·2H{sub 3}O·xH{sub 2}O [isomorphous with x=10 (9), 10 (10), and 9 (11)], in which no lanthanide cations are observed. The structural difference of these compounds indicates that the Cy6Q[6] may be used in the separation of lanthanide cations. - Graphical abstract: The reaction of cyclohexanocucurbit[6]uril with lanthanide ions (La{sup 3+}, Ce{sup 3+}, Pr{sup 3+}, Nd{sup 3+}, Sm{sup 3+}, Gd{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+}, Ho{sup 3+}, Tm{sup 3+} and Yb{sup 3+}) under hydrochloric acid in the presence of CdCl{sub 2} resulted in eleven compounds, which demonstrate interesting lanthanide contraction effect and provide a means of separating lanthanide ions. - Highlights: • Eleven compounds of the Ln{sup 3+} with the Cy6Q[6] were synthesized and described. • Compounds 1-8 demonstrate interesting lanthanide contraction effect. • In solid-state structures of compounds 9-11, no lanthanide ions were observed. • This study provides a means of separating lanthanides cations.« less