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Title: ABUNDANCES OF REFRACTORY ELEMENTS FOR G-TYPE STARS WITH EXTRASOLAR PLANETS

Abstract

We confirm the difference in chemical abundance between stars with and without exoplanets and present the relation between chemical abundances and physical properties of exoplanets, such as planetary mass and the semimajor axis of planetary orbit. We obtained the spectra of 52 G-type stars from the Bohyunsan Optical Astronomy Observatory (BOAO) Echelle Spectrograph and carried out abundance analyses for 12 elements: Na, Mg, Al, Si, Ca, Sc, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Co, and Ni. We first found that the [Mn/Fe] ratios of planet-host stars are higher than those of comparison stars over the entire metallicity range, and we then found that in metal-poor stars of [Fe/H] < -0.4 the abundance difference was larger than in metal-rich samples, especially for the elements of Mg, Al, Sc, Ti, V, and Co. After examining the relation between planet properties and metallicities of planet-host stars, we observed that planet-host stars with low metallicities tend to have several low-mass planets (<M{sub J}) instead of a massive gas-giant planet.

Authors:
;  [1];  [2]
  1. Astronomy Program, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742 (Korea, Republic of)
  2. Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, Daejeon 305-348 (Korea, Republic of)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21578269
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Astrophysical Journal
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 736; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/736/2/87; Journal ID: ISSN 0004-637X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ELEMENT ABUNDANCE; METALS; PHYSICAL PROPERTIES; PLANETS; STARS; ABUNDANCE; ELEMENTS

Citation Formats

Kang, Wonseok, Lee, Sang-Gak, and Kim, Kang-Min, E-mail: wskang@khu.ac.kr. ABUNDANCES OF REFRACTORY ELEMENTS FOR G-TYPE STARS WITH EXTRASOLAR PLANETS. United States: N. p., 2011. Web. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/736/2/87.
Kang, Wonseok, Lee, Sang-Gak, & Kim, Kang-Min, E-mail: wskang@khu.ac.kr. ABUNDANCES OF REFRACTORY ELEMENTS FOR G-TYPE STARS WITH EXTRASOLAR PLANETS. United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/736/2/87.
Kang, Wonseok, Lee, Sang-Gak, and Kim, Kang-Min, E-mail: wskang@khu.ac.kr. Mon . "ABUNDANCES OF REFRACTORY ELEMENTS FOR G-TYPE STARS WITH EXTRASOLAR PLANETS". United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/736/2/87.
@article{osti_21578269,
title = {ABUNDANCES OF REFRACTORY ELEMENTS FOR G-TYPE STARS WITH EXTRASOLAR PLANETS},
author = {Kang, Wonseok and Lee, Sang-Gak and Kim, Kang-Min, E-mail: wskang@khu.ac.kr},
abstractNote = {We confirm the difference in chemical abundance between stars with and without exoplanets and present the relation between chemical abundances and physical properties of exoplanets, such as planetary mass and the semimajor axis of planetary orbit. We obtained the spectra of 52 G-type stars from the Bohyunsan Optical Astronomy Observatory (BOAO) Echelle Spectrograph and carried out abundance analyses for 12 elements: Na, Mg, Al, Si, Ca, Sc, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Co, and Ni. We first found that the [Mn/Fe] ratios of planet-host stars are higher than those of comparison stars over the entire metallicity range, and we then found that in metal-poor stars of [Fe/H] < -0.4 the abundance difference was larger than in metal-rich samples, especially for the elements of Mg, Al, Sc, Ti, V, and Co. After examining the relation between planet properties and metallicities of planet-host stars, we observed that planet-host stars with low metallicities tend to have several low-mass planets (<M{sub J}) instead of a massive gas-giant planet.},
doi = {10.1088/0004-637X/736/2/87},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal},
issn = {0004-637X},
number = 2,
volume = 736,
place = {United States},
year = {2011},
month = {8}
}