skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Laboratory Studies of Lead Removal from Liquid Scintillator in Preparation for KamLAND's Low Background Phase

Abstract

The removal of Radon induced Lead from liquid scintillator was extensively studied in preparation for KamLAND's low background phase. This work presents the results from laboratory experiments performed at the University of Alabama and their implications for KamLAND and future low background experiments using carbon based liquid scintillator. It was observed that distillation was the most effective purification procedure and that one must consider a non-polar and non-ionic component of Lead in order to reach the levels of radio-purity required for these new class of ultra-low background experiments.

Authors:
 [1]
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21513201
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1338; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: LRT-2010: Topical workshop on low radioactivity techniques, Sudbury (Canada), 28-29 Aug 2010; Other Information: DOI: 10.1063/1.3579578; (c) 2011 American Institute of Physics
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ADSORPTION; CARBON; CRYSTALS; DISTILLATION; IMPURITIES; ISOTOPES; LEAD; LIQUID SCINTILLATION DETECTORS; PHOSPHORS; PURIFICATION; RADON; REMOVAL; ELEMENTS; FLUIDS; GASES; MEASURING INSTRUMENTS; METALS; NONMETALS; RADIATION DETECTORS; RARE GASES; SCINTILLATION COUNTERS; SEPARATION PROCESSES; SORPTION

Citation Formats

Keefer, Gregory. Laboratory Studies of Lead Removal from Liquid Scintillator in Preparation for KamLAND's Low Background Phase. United States: N. p., 2011. Web. doi:10.1063/1.3579578.
Keefer, Gregory. Laboratory Studies of Lead Removal from Liquid Scintillator in Preparation for KamLAND's Low Background Phase. United States. doi:10.1063/1.3579578.
Keefer, Gregory. Wed . "Laboratory Studies of Lead Removal from Liquid Scintillator in Preparation for KamLAND's Low Background Phase". United States. doi:10.1063/1.3579578.
@article{osti_21513201,
title = {Laboratory Studies of Lead Removal from Liquid Scintillator in Preparation for KamLAND's Low Background Phase},
author = {Keefer, Gregory},
abstractNote = {The removal of Radon induced Lead from liquid scintillator was extensively studied in preparation for KamLAND's low background phase. This work presents the results from laboratory experiments performed at the University of Alabama and their implications for KamLAND and future low background experiments using carbon based liquid scintillator. It was observed that distillation was the most effective purification procedure and that one must consider a non-polar and non-ionic component of Lead in order to reach the levels of radio-purity required for these new class of ultra-low background experiments.},
doi = {10.1063/1.3579578},
journal = {AIP Conference Proceedings},
number = 1,
volume = 1338,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Apr 27 00:00:00 EDT 2011},
month = {Wed Apr 27 00:00:00 EDT 2011}
}