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Title: Cross-talk between non-genomic and genomic signalling pathways - Distinct effect profiles of environmental estrogens

Abstract

Estrogen receptor (ER) transcriptional cross-talk after activation by 17{beta}-estradiol (E2) has been studied in considerable detail, but comparatively little is known about the ways in which synthetic estrogen-like chemicals, so-called xenoestrogens, interfere with these signalling pathways. E2 can stimulate rapid, non-genomic signalling events, such as activation of the Src/Ras/Erk signalling pathway. We investigated how activation of this pathway by E2, the estrogenic environmental contaminants o,p'-DDT, {beta}-HCH and p,p'-DDE, and epidermal growth factor (EGF) influences the expression of ER target genes, such as TFF1, ER, PR, BRCA1 and CCND1, and the proliferation of breast cancer cells. Despite commonalities in their estrogenicity as judged by cell proliferation assays, the environmental contaminants exhibited striking differences in their non-genomic and genomic signalling. The gene expression profiles of o,p'-DDT and {beta}-HCH resembled the effects observed with E2. In the case of {beta}-HCH this is surprising, considering its reported lack of affinity to the 'classical' ER. The expression profiles seen with p,p'-DDE showed some similarities with E2, but overall, p,p'-DDE was a fairly weak transcriptional inducer of TFF1, ER, PR, BRCA1 and CCND1. We observed distinct differences in the non-genomic signalling of the tested compounds. p,p'-DDE was unable to stimulate Src and Erk1/Erk2 activations. The effectsmore » of E2 on Src and Erk1/Erk2 phosphorylation were transient and weak when compared to EGF, but {beta}-HCH induced strong and sustained activation of all tested kinases. Transcription of TFF1, ER, PR and BRCA1 by E2, o,p'-DDT and {beta}-HCH could be suppressed partially by inhibiting the Src/Ras/Erk pathway with PD 98059. However, this was not seen with p,p'-DDE. Our investigations show that the cellular activities of estrogens and xenoestrogens are the result of a combination of extranuclear (non-genomic) and nuclear (genomic) events and highlight the need to take non-genomic effects and signalling cross-talk into consideration, when screening for environmental estrogens. Otherwise, chemicals devoid of ER affinity, such as {beta}-HCH, but with an effect profile otherwise similar to estrogens might be overlooked in safety testing.« less

Authors:
 [1]; ;  [1]
  1. Centre for Toxicology, School of Pharmacy, University of London, 29-39 Brunswick Square, London, WC1N 1AX (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21460162
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 245; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: DOI: 10.1016/j.taap.2010.02.015; PII: S0041-008X(10)00074-8; Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Journal ID: ISSN 0041-008X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; CELL PROLIFERATION; ESTRADIOL; GENES; GROWTH FACTORS; RECEPTORS; ESTRANES; ESTROGENS; HORMONES; HYDROXY COMPOUNDS; MEMBRANE PROTEINS; MITOGENS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; PROTEINS; STEROID HORMONES; STEROIDS

Citation Formats

Silva, Elisabete, Kabil, Alena, and Kortenkamp, Andreas. Cross-talk between non-genomic and genomic signalling pathways - Distinct effect profiles of environmental estrogens. United States: N. p., 2010. Web. doi:10.1016/j.taap.2010.02.015.
Silva, Elisabete, Kabil, Alena, & Kortenkamp, Andreas. Cross-talk between non-genomic and genomic signalling pathways - Distinct effect profiles of environmental estrogens. United States. doi:10.1016/j.taap.2010.02.015.
Silva, Elisabete, Kabil, Alena, and Kortenkamp, Andreas. Tue . "Cross-talk between non-genomic and genomic signalling pathways - Distinct effect profiles of environmental estrogens". United States. doi:10.1016/j.taap.2010.02.015.
@article{osti_21460162,
title = {Cross-talk between non-genomic and genomic signalling pathways - Distinct effect profiles of environmental estrogens},
author = {Silva, Elisabete and Kabil, Alena and Kortenkamp, Andreas},
abstractNote = {Estrogen receptor (ER) transcriptional cross-talk after activation by 17{beta}-estradiol (E2) has been studied in considerable detail, but comparatively little is known about the ways in which synthetic estrogen-like chemicals, so-called xenoestrogens, interfere with these signalling pathways. E2 can stimulate rapid, non-genomic signalling events, such as activation of the Src/Ras/Erk signalling pathway. We investigated how activation of this pathway by E2, the estrogenic environmental contaminants o,p'-DDT, {beta}-HCH and p,p'-DDE, and epidermal growth factor (EGF) influences the expression of ER target genes, such as TFF1, ER, PR, BRCA1 and CCND1, and the proliferation of breast cancer cells. Despite commonalities in their estrogenicity as judged by cell proliferation assays, the environmental contaminants exhibited striking differences in their non-genomic and genomic signalling. The gene expression profiles of o,p'-DDT and {beta}-HCH resembled the effects observed with E2. In the case of {beta}-HCH this is surprising, considering its reported lack of affinity to the 'classical' ER. The expression profiles seen with p,p'-DDE showed some similarities with E2, but overall, p,p'-DDE was a fairly weak transcriptional inducer of TFF1, ER, PR, BRCA1 and CCND1. We observed distinct differences in the non-genomic signalling of the tested compounds. p,p'-DDE was unable to stimulate Src and Erk1/Erk2 activations. The effects of E2 on Src and Erk1/Erk2 phosphorylation were transient and weak when compared to EGF, but {beta}-HCH induced strong and sustained activation of all tested kinases. Transcription of TFF1, ER, PR and BRCA1 by E2, o,p'-DDT and {beta}-HCH could be suppressed partially by inhibiting the Src/Ras/Erk pathway with PD 98059. However, this was not seen with p,p'-DDE. Our investigations show that the cellular activities of estrogens and xenoestrogens are the result of a combination of extranuclear (non-genomic) and nuclear (genomic) events and highlight the need to take non-genomic effects and signalling cross-talk into consideration, when screening for environmental estrogens. Otherwise, chemicals devoid of ER affinity, such as {beta}-HCH, but with an effect profile otherwise similar to estrogens might be overlooked in safety testing.},
doi = {10.1016/j.taap.2010.02.015},
journal = {Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology},
issn = {0041-008X},
number = 2,
volume = 245,
place = {United States},
year = {2010},
month = {6}
}