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Title: Connection between relic neutrinos and cosmic rays at > or approx. 10{sup 20} eV?

Abstract

The observation of cosmic-ray events above the Greisen-Kuzmin-Zatsepin (GZK) cutoff of 5x10{sup 19} eV challenges orthodox modeling. We discuss a possible solution which uses Standard Model (SM) physics augmented only by < or approx. eV neutrino masses as suggested by solar, atmospheric, and terrestrial neutrino detection and the cosmological preference for a hot dark matter component. In this scheme, cosmic ray neutrinos from distant, highest-energy sources annihilate relatively nearby on the relic-neutrino background to produce 'Z-bursts', highly-collimated, highly-boosted ({gamma}{sub Z}{approx}10{sup 11}) hadronic jets. From the SM and hot Big Bang cosmology, the probability for each neutrino flavor at its resonant energy to annihilate within the halo of our galactic supercluster is likely within an order of magnitude of 1%. The kinematics of the annihilation are completely determined by the neutrino masses and the properties of the Z boson. The burst energy is E{sub R}=4 (eV/m{sub {nu}})x10{sup 21} eV, and the burst content includes, on average, thirty photons and 2.7 nucleons with super-GZK energies. Several tests of the neutrino annihilation hypothesis are indicated.

Authors:
 [1]
  1. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37235 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21202124
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
AIP Conference Proceedings
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 444; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: 1. tropical workshop on particle physics and cosmology; 2. Latin American symposium on high energy physics, San Juan (Puerto Rico), 1-11 Apr 1998; Other Information: DOI: 10.1063/1.56587; (c) 1998 American Institute of Physics; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0094-243X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; ANNIHILATION; COSMIC NEUTRINOS; COSMIC PHOTONS; COSMOLOGY; EEV RANGE; FLAVOR MODEL; JET MODEL; NEUTRINO DETECTION; NONLUMINOUS MATTER; REST MASS; STANDARD MODEL; WEINBERG-SALAM GAUGE MODEL; Z NEUTRAL BOSONS

Citation Formats

Weiler, Thomas J. Connection between relic neutrinos and cosmic rays at > or approx. 10{sup 20} eV?. United States: N. p., 1998. Web. doi:10.1063/1.56587.
Weiler, Thomas J. Connection between relic neutrinos and cosmic rays at > or approx. 10{sup 20} eV?. United States. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.56587
Weiler, Thomas J. Mon . "Connection between relic neutrinos and cosmic rays at > or approx. 10{sup 20} eV?". United States. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.56587.
@article{osti_21202124,
title = {Connection between relic neutrinos and cosmic rays at > or approx. 10{sup 20} eV?},
author = {Weiler, Thomas J},
abstractNote = {The observation of cosmic-ray events above the Greisen-Kuzmin-Zatsepin (GZK) cutoff of 5x10{sup 19} eV challenges orthodox modeling. We discuss a possible solution which uses Standard Model (SM) physics augmented only by < or approx. eV neutrino masses as suggested by solar, atmospheric, and terrestrial neutrino detection and the cosmological preference for a hot dark matter component. In this scheme, cosmic ray neutrinos from distant, highest-energy sources annihilate relatively nearby on the relic-neutrino background to produce 'Z-bursts', highly-collimated, highly-boosted ({gamma}{sub Z}{approx}10{sup 11}) hadronic jets. From the SM and hot Big Bang cosmology, the probability for each neutrino flavor at its resonant energy to annihilate within the halo of our galactic supercluster is likely within an order of magnitude of 1%. The kinematics of the annihilation are completely determined by the neutrino masses and the properties of the Z boson. The burst energy is E{sub R}=4 (eV/m{sub {nu}})x10{sup 21} eV, and the burst content includes, on average, thirty photons and 2.7 nucleons with super-GZK energies. Several tests of the neutrino annihilation hypothesis are indicated.},
doi = {10.1063/1.56587},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/21202124}, journal = {AIP Conference Proceedings},
issn = {0094-243X},
number = 1,
volume = 444,
place = {United States},
year = {1998},
month = {10}
}