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Title: Impact Of Elastic Modulus Degradation On Springback In Sheet Metal Forming

Abstract

Strain recovery after removal of forming loads, commonly defined as springback, is of great concern in sheet metal forming, in particular with regard to proper prediction of the final shape of the part. To control the problem a lot of work has been done, either by minimizing the springback on the material side or by increasing the estimation precision in corresponding process simulations. Unfortunately, by currently available software springback still cannot be adequately predicted, because most analyses of springback are using linear, isotropic and constant Young's modulus and Poisson's ratio. But, as it was measured and reported, none of it is true. The aim of this work is to propose an upgraded mechanical model which takes evolution of damage and related orthotropic stiffness degradation into account. Damage is considered by inclusion of ellipsoidal cavities, and their influence on the stiffness degradation is taken in accordance with the Mori-Tanaka theory, adopting the GTN model for plastic flow. In order to improve the numerical springback prediction, two major things are important: first, the correct evaluation of the stress-strain state at the end of the forming process, and second, correctness of the elastic properties used in the elastic relaxation analysis. Since in modellingmore » of the forming process we adopt a damage constitutive model with orthotropic stiffness degradation considered, a corresponding damage parameters identification upon specific experimental tests data must be performed first, independently of the metal forming modelling. An improved identification of material parameters, which simultaneously considers tensile test results with different type of specimens and using neural network, is proposed. With regard to the case in which damage in material is neglected it is shown in the article how the springback of a formed part differs, when we take orthotropic damage evolution into consideration.« less

Authors:
;  [1];  [2]
  1. Laboratory for Numerical Modelling and Simulation, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana (Slovenia)
  2. Kovinoplastika Loz, Stari trg pri Lozu (Slovenia)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21061776
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 908; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: NUMIFORM 2007: 9. international conference on numerical methods in industrial forming processes, Porto (Portugal), 17-21 Jun 2007; Other Information: DOI: 10.1063/1.2740929; (c) 2007 American Institute of Physics; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ALLOYS; COMPUTER CODES; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; ELASTICITY; FLEXIBILITY; METALS; NEURAL NETWORKS; PLASTICITY; POISSON RATIO; SHEETS; STRAINS; STRESSES; YOUNG MODULUS

Citation Formats

Halilovic, Miroslav, Stok, Boris, and Vrh, Marko. Impact Of Elastic Modulus Degradation On Springback In Sheet Metal Forming. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.1063/1.2740929.
Halilovic, Miroslav, Stok, Boris, & Vrh, Marko. Impact Of Elastic Modulus Degradation On Springback In Sheet Metal Forming. United States. doi:10.1063/1.2740929.
Halilovic, Miroslav, Stok, Boris, and Vrh, Marko. Thu . "Impact Of Elastic Modulus Degradation On Springback In Sheet Metal Forming". United States. doi:10.1063/1.2740929.
@article{osti_21061776,
title = {Impact Of Elastic Modulus Degradation On Springback In Sheet Metal Forming},
author = {Halilovic, Miroslav and Stok, Boris and Vrh, Marko},
abstractNote = {Strain recovery after removal of forming loads, commonly defined as springback, is of great concern in sheet metal forming, in particular with regard to proper prediction of the final shape of the part. To control the problem a lot of work has been done, either by minimizing the springback on the material side or by increasing the estimation precision in corresponding process simulations. Unfortunately, by currently available software springback still cannot be adequately predicted, because most analyses of springback are using linear, isotropic and constant Young's modulus and Poisson's ratio. But, as it was measured and reported, none of it is true. The aim of this work is to propose an upgraded mechanical model which takes evolution of damage and related orthotropic stiffness degradation into account. Damage is considered by inclusion of ellipsoidal cavities, and their influence on the stiffness degradation is taken in accordance with the Mori-Tanaka theory, adopting the GTN model for plastic flow. In order to improve the numerical springback prediction, two major things are important: first, the correct evaluation of the stress-strain state at the end of the forming process, and second, correctness of the elastic properties used in the elastic relaxation analysis. Since in modelling of the forming process we adopt a damage constitutive model with orthotropic stiffness degradation considered, a corresponding damage parameters identification upon specific experimental tests data must be performed first, independently of the metal forming modelling. An improved identification of material parameters, which simultaneously considers tensile test results with different type of specimens and using neural network, is proposed. With regard to the case in which damage in material is neglected it is shown in the article how the springback of a formed part differs, when we take orthotropic damage evolution into consideration.},
doi = {10.1063/1.2740929},
journal = {AIP Conference Proceedings},
number = 1,
volume = 908,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu May 17 00:00:00 EDT 2007},
month = {Thu May 17 00:00:00 EDT 2007}
}