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Title: Soft X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy of High-Abrasion-Furnace Carbon Black

Abstract

The soft x-ray absorption spectra of high-abrasion-furnace carbon black were measured to obtain local-structure/chemical-states information of the primary particles and/or crystallites. The soft x-ray absorption spectral features of carbon black represent broader {pi}* and {sigma}* peak structures compared to highly oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG). The subtracted spectra between the carbon black and HOPG, (carbon black) - (HOPG), show double-peak structures on both sides of the {pi}* peak. The lower-energy peak, denoted as the 'pre-peak', in the subtracted spectra and the {pi}*/{sigma}* peak intensity ratio in the absorption spectra clearly depend on the specific surface area by nitrogen adsorption (NSA). Therefore, it is concluded that the pre-peak intensity and the {pi}*/{sigma}* ratio reflect the local graphitic structure of carbon black.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Graduate School of Engineering, University of Hyogo, 2167 Shosha, Himeji, Hyogo 671-2201 (Japan)
  2. Chita Laboratory, Tokai Carbon Co., Ltd., 5-1 Takeyoto-cho, Chita-gun, Aichi 470-2341 (Japan)
  3. Center for X-Ray Optics, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21054668
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 882; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: XAFS13: 13. international conference on X-ray absorption fine structure, Stanford, CA (United States), 9-14 Jul 2006; Other Information: DOI: 10.1063/1.2644576; (c) 2007 American Institute of Physics; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ABRASION; ABSORPTION SPECTRA; ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY; ADSORPTION; CARBON BLACK; CHEMICAL STATE; CRYSTAL STRUCTURE; CRYSTALS; GRAPHITE; NITROGEN; PARTICLES; SOFT X RADIATION; SPECIFIC SURFACE AREA; X-RAY SPECTRA

Citation Formats

Muramatsu, Yasuji, Harada, Ryusuke, and Gullikson, Eric M. Soft X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy of High-Abrasion-Furnace Carbon Black. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.1063/1.2644576.
Muramatsu, Yasuji, Harada, Ryusuke, & Gullikson, Eric M. Soft X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy of High-Abrasion-Furnace Carbon Black. United States. doi:10.1063/1.2644576.
Muramatsu, Yasuji, Harada, Ryusuke, and Gullikson, Eric M. Fri . "Soft X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy of High-Abrasion-Furnace Carbon Black". United States. doi:10.1063/1.2644576.
@article{osti_21054668,
title = {Soft X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy of High-Abrasion-Furnace Carbon Black},
author = {Muramatsu, Yasuji and Harada, Ryusuke and Gullikson, Eric M.},
abstractNote = {The soft x-ray absorption spectra of high-abrasion-furnace carbon black were measured to obtain local-structure/chemical-states information of the primary particles and/or crystallites. The soft x-ray absorption spectral features of carbon black represent broader {pi}* and {sigma}* peak structures compared to highly oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG). The subtracted spectra between the carbon black and HOPG, (carbon black) - (HOPG), show double-peak structures on both sides of the {pi}* peak. The lower-energy peak, denoted as the 'pre-peak', in the subtracted spectra and the {pi}*/{sigma}* peak intensity ratio in the absorption spectra clearly depend on the specific surface area by nitrogen adsorption (NSA). Therefore, it is concluded that the pre-peak intensity and the {pi}*/{sigma}* ratio reflect the local graphitic structure of carbon black.},
doi = {10.1063/1.2644576},
journal = {AIP Conference Proceedings},
number = 1,
volume = 882,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Feb 02 00:00:00 EST 2007},
month = {Fri Feb 02 00:00:00 EST 2007}
}