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Title: Insight into the baryon-gravity relation in galaxies

Abstract

Observations of spiral galaxies strongly support a one-to-one analytical relation between the inferred gravity of dark matter at any radius and the enclosed baryonic mass. It is baffling that baryons manage to settle the dark matter gravitational potential in such a precise way, leaving no 'messy' fingerprints of the merging events and 'gastrophysical' feedbacks expected in the history of a galaxy in a concordance Universe. This correlation of gravity with baryonic mass can be interpreted from several nonstandard angles, especially as a modification of gravity called TeVeS, in which no galactic dark matter is needed. In this theory, the baryon-gravity relation is captured by the dieletric-like function {mu} of modified Newtonian dynamics (MOND), controlling the transition from 1/r{sup 2} attraction in the strong gravity regime to 1/r attraction in the weak regime. Here, we study this {mu}-function in detail. We investigate the observational constraints upon it from fitting galaxy rotation curves, unveiling the degeneracy between the stellar mass-to-light ratio and the {mu}-function as well as the importance of the sharpness of transition from the strong to weak gravity regimes. We also numerically address the effects of nonspherical baryon geometry in the framework of nonlinear TeVeS, and exhaustively examine how themore » {mu}-function connects with the free function of that theory. In that regard, we exhibit the subtle effects and wide implications of renormalizing the gravitational constant. We finally present a discontinuity-free transition between quasistatic galaxies and the evolving Universe for the free function of TeVeS, inevitably leading to a return to 1/r{sup 2} attraction at very low accelerations in isolated galaxies.« less

Authors:
; ; ;  [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. Institut d'Astronomie et d'Astrophysique, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Boulevard du Triomphe CP226, B-1050, Brussels (Belgium)
  2. (United States)
  3. (France)
  4. (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21020123
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physical Review. D, Particles Fields; Journal Volume: 75; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.75.063002; (c) 2007 The American Physical Society; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; ACCELERATION; BARYONS; CORRELATIONS; COSMOLOGY; GALAXIES; GRAVITATION; NONLINEAR PROBLEMS; NONLUMINOUS MATTER; POTENTIALS; RENORMALIZATION; REST MASS; TEV RANGE; UNIVERSE

Citation Formats

Famaey, Benoit, Gentile, Gianfranco, Bruneton, Jean-Philippe, Zhao Hongsheng, University of New Mexico, Department of Physics and Astronomy, 800 Yale Boulevard NE, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131, GReCO, Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, UMR 7095-CNRS, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris 6, 98 bis boulevard Arago F-75014, Paris, and SUPA, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of St. Andrews, KY16 9SS, Fife. Insight into the baryon-gravity relation in galaxies. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVD.75.063002.
Famaey, Benoit, Gentile, Gianfranco, Bruneton, Jean-Philippe, Zhao Hongsheng, University of New Mexico, Department of Physics and Astronomy, 800 Yale Boulevard NE, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131, GReCO, Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, UMR 7095-CNRS, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris 6, 98 bis boulevard Arago F-75014, Paris, & SUPA, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of St. Andrews, KY16 9SS, Fife. Insight into the baryon-gravity relation in galaxies. United States. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVD.75.063002.
Famaey, Benoit, Gentile, Gianfranco, Bruneton, Jean-Philippe, Zhao Hongsheng, University of New Mexico, Department of Physics and Astronomy, 800 Yale Boulevard NE, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131, GReCO, Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, UMR 7095-CNRS, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris 6, 98 bis boulevard Arago F-75014, Paris, and SUPA, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of St. Andrews, KY16 9SS, Fife. Thu . "Insight into the baryon-gravity relation in galaxies". United States. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVD.75.063002.
@article{osti_21020123,
title = {Insight into the baryon-gravity relation in galaxies},
author = {Famaey, Benoit and Gentile, Gianfranco and Bruneton, Jean-Philippe and Zhao Hongsheng and University of New Mexico, Department of Physics and Astronomy, 800 Yale Boulevard NE, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131 and GReCO, Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, UMR 7095-CNRS, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris 6, 98 bis boulevard Arago F-75014, Paris and SUPA, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of St. Andrews, KY16 9SS, Fife},
abstractNote = {Observations of spiral galaxies strongly support a one-to-one analytical relation between the inferred gravity of dark matter at any radius and the enclosed baryonic mass. It is baffling that baryons manage to settle the dark matter gravitational potential in such a precise way, leaving no 'messy' fingerprints of the merging events and 'gastrophysical' feedbacks expected in the history of a galaxy in a concordance Universe. This correlation of gravity with baryonic mass can be interpreted from several nonstandard angles, especially as a modification of gravity called TeVeS, in which no galactic dark matter is needed. In this theory, the baryon-gravity relation is captured by the dieletric-like function {mu} of modified Newtonian dynamics (MOND), controlling the transition from 1/r{sup 2} attraction in the strong gravity regime to 1/r attraction in the weak regime. Here, we study this {mu}-function in detail. We investigate the observational constraints upon it from fitting galaxy rotation curves, unveiling the degeneracy between the stellar mass-to-light ratio and the {mu}-function as well as the importance of the sharpness of transition from the strong to weak gravity regimes. We also numerically address the effects of nonspherical baryon geometry in the framework of nonlinear TeVeS, and exhaustively examine how the {mu}-function connects with the free function of that theory. In that regard, we exhibit the subtle effects and wide implications of renormalizing the gravitational constant. We finally present a discontinuity-free transition between quasistatic galaxies and the evolving Universe for the free function of TeVeS, inevitably leading to a return to 1/r{sup 2} attraction at very low accelerations in isolated galaxies.},
doi = {10.1103/PHYSREVD.75.063002},
journal = {Physical Review. D, Particles Fields},
number = 6,
volume = 75,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Mar 15 00:00:00 EDT 2007},
month = {Thu Mar 15 00:00:00 EDT 2007}
}