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Title: The effect of annealing on structural, electrical and optical properties of nanostructured ITO films prepared by e-beam evaporation

Abstract

Tin doped indium oxide (ITO) thin films with composition of 9.42 wt% SnO{sub 2} and 89.75 wt% In{sub 2}O{sub 3,} and impurities balanced on glass substrates at room temperature have been prepared by electron beam evaporation technique and then were annealed in air at different temperatures from 350 to 550 deg. C for 1 h. XRD pattern showed that increasing annealing temperature increased the crystallinity of thin films and at 550 deg. C high quality crystalline thin films with grain size of about 37 nm were obtained. Conductivity of ITO thin films was increased by increasing annealing temperature and conductivity obtained results in 350-550 deg. C temperature range were also excellently fitted in both Arrhenius-type and Davis-Mott variable-range hopping conductivity models. The UV-vis transmittance spectra were also confirmed that the annealing temperature has significant effect on the transparency of thin films. The highest transparency over the visible wavelength region of spectrum (93%) obtained at 550 deg. C on annealing temperature. It should be noted that this thin film was deposited on substrate at room temperature. This result obtained is equivalent with those values that have already been reported but with high-level (20 wt%) tin doped indium oxide thin films andmore » also at 350 deg. C substrate temperature. The allowed direct band gap at the temperature range 350-550 deg. C was estimated to be in the range 3.85-3.97 eV. Band gap widening with an increase in annealing temperature was observed and is explained on the basis of Burstein-Moss shift. A comparison between the electron beam evaporation and other deposition techniques showed that the better figure of merit value can be obtained by the former technique. At the end we have compared our results with other techniques.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. Quantum Optics Research Group, Department of Physics, University of Isfahan, Isfahan (Iran, Islamic Republic of). E-mail: hfallah@sci.ui.ac.ir
  2. Quantum Optics Research Group, Department of Physics, University of Isfahan, Isfahan (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
  3. Department of Chemistry, University of Urmia, Urmia (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
  4. Isfahan Optics Industry, Isfahan (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21000605
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 42; Journal Issue: 3; Other Information: DOI: 10.1016/j.materresbull.2006.06.024; PII: S0025-5408(06)00273-X; Copyright (c) 2006 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ANNEALING; DOPED MATERIALS; ELECTRON BEAMS; EVAPORATION; GLASS; GRAIN SIZE; IMPURITIES; INDIUM OXIDES; NANOSTRUCTURES; OPACITY; SUBSTRATES; THIN FILMS; TIN; TIN OXIDES; X-RAY DIFFRACTION

Citation Formats

Fallah, Hamid Reza, Ghasemi, Mohsen, Hassanzadeh, Ali, and Steki, Hadi. The effect of annealing on structural, electrical and optical properties of nanostructured ITO films prepared by e-beam evaporation. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.1016/j.materresbull.2006.06.024.
Fallah, Hamid Reza, Ghasemi, Mohsen, Hassanzadeh, Ali, & Steki, Hadi. The effect of annealing on structural, electrical and optical properties of nanostructured ITO films prepared by e-beam evaporation. United States. doi:10.1016/j.materresbull.2006.06.024.
Fallah, Hamid Reza, Ghasemi, Mohsen, Hassanzadeh, Ali, and Steki, Hadi. Thu . "The effect of annealing on structural, electrical and optical properties of nanostructured ITO films prepared by e-beam evaporation". United States. doi:10.1016/j.materresbull.2006.06.024.
@article{osti_21000605,
title = {The effect of annealing on structural, electrical and optical properties of nanostructured ITO films prepared by e-beam evaporation},
author = {Fallah, Hamid Reza and Ghasemi, Mohsen and Hassanzadeh, Ali and Steki, Hadi},
abstractNote = {Tin doped indium oxide (ITO) thin films with composition of 9.42 wt% SnO{sub 2} and 89.75 wt% In{sub 2}O{sub 3,} and impurities balanced on glass substrates at room temperature have been prepared by electron beam evaporation technique and then were annealed in air at different temperatures from 350 to 550 deg. C for 1 h. XRD pattern showed that increasing annealing temperature increased the crystallinity of thin films and at 550 deg. C high quality crystalline thin films with grain size of about 37 nm were obtained. Conductivity of ITO thin films was increased by increasing annealing temperature and conductivity obtained results in 350-550 deg. C temperature range were also excellently fitted in both Arrhenius-type and Davis-Mott variable-range hopping conductivity models. The UV-vis transmittance spectra were also confirmed that the annealing temperature has significant effect on the transparency of thin films. The highest transparency over the visible wavelength region of spectrum (93%) obtained at 550 deg. C on annealing temperature. It should be noted that this thin film was deposited on substrate at room temperature. This result obtained is equivalent with those values that have already been reported but with high-level (20 wt%) tin doped indium oxide thin films and also at 350 deg. C substrate temperature. The allowed direct band gap at the temperature range 350-550 deg. C was estimated to be in the range 3.85-3.97 eV. Band gap widening with an increase in annealing temperature was observed and is explained on the basis of Burstein-Moss shift. A comparison between the electron beam evaporation and other deposition techniques showed that the better figure of merit value can be obtained by the former technique. At the end we have compared our results with other techniques.},
doi = {10.1016/j.materresbull.2006.06.024},
journal = {Materials Research Bulletin},
number = 3,
volume = 42,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Mar 22 00:00:00 EDT 2007},
month = {Thu Mar 22 00:00:00 EDT 2007}
}