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Title: {sup 4}He adsorbed in cylindrical silica nanopores: Effect of size on the single-atom mean kinetic energy

Abstract

This paper reports a study of the short-time dynamics of helium confined in silica nanopores (xerogel powder), with average pore diameters of 24 and 160 A. The longitudinal momentum distribution of helium adsorbed in xerogels has been determined via deep inelastic neutron scattering (DINS) measurements performed on the VESUVIO spectrometer at the ISIS spallation source. DINS measurements, in the attosecond time scale (i.e., 10{sup -16}-10{sup -15} s), were performed at a temperature of T=2.5 K and saturated vapor pressure conditions, with 95% pore volume filling. The average wave-vector transfer q was about 130 A{sup -1}. For confined helium, significant changes in the values of the single-particle mean kinetic energies <E{sub K}> are found in the bulk phase. These are 32.6{+-}8.7 K for the 24 A and 24.4{+-}5.3 K for the 160 A pore diameters, remarkably higher than <E{sub K}>=16.2{+-}0.4 K, the value of normal liquid {sup 4}He at T=2.5 K and saturated vapor pressure conditions. The results are interpreted in terms of a model where {sup 4}He atoms are arranged in concentric annuli along the cylindrical pore axis, with <E{sub K}> mainly dependent on the ratio between the atomic 'effective' diameter and the pore diameter. The number of solid layersmore » close to pore surface is found to be strongly pore-size dependent with one single solid layer for 24 A diameter pore and three solid layers for 160 A diameter pore.« less

Authors:
;  [1];  [2];  [1]
  1. Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita degli Studi di Roma 'Tor Vergata', Via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, 00133 Rome (Italy)
  2. (Italy)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20976693
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics; Journal Volume: 75; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.75.064515; (c) 2007 The American Physical Society; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ATOMS; CYLINDRICAL CONFIGURATION; DEEP INELASTIC SCATTERING; FILMS; HELIUM; HELIUM 4; KINETIC ENERGY; LAYERS; LIQUIDS; NEUTRON DIFFRACTION; NEUTRON SPECTRA; POROSITY; SILICA; SILICON COMPOUNDS; SOLIDS; SURFACES; TIME-OF-FLIGHT METHOD; VAPOR PRESSURE

Citation Formats

Andreani, C., Senesi, R., NAST, Centro di Nanoscienze, Nanotecnologie, Strumentazione, Universita degli Studi di Roma 'Tor Vergata', Via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, 00133 Rome, and Pantalei, C.. {sup 4}He adsorbed in cylindrical silica nanopores: Effect of size on the single-atom mean kinetic energy. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVB.75.064515.
Andreani, C., Senesi, R., NAST, Centro di Nanoscienze, Nanotecnologie, Strumentazione, Universita degli Studi di Roma 'Tor Vergata', Via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, 00133 Rome, & Pantalei, C.. {sup 4}He adsorbed in cylindrical silica nanopores: Effect of size on the single-atom mean kinetic energy. United States. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVB.75.064515.
Andreani, C., Senesi, R., NAST, Centro di Nanoscienze, Nanotecnologie, Strumentazione, Universita degli Studi di Roma 'Tor Vergata', Via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, 00133 Rome, and Pantalei, C.. Thu . "{sup 4}He adsorbed in cylindrical silica nanopores: Effect of size on the single-atom mean kinetic energy". United States. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVB.75.064515.
@article{osti_20976693,
title = {{sup 4}He adsorbed in cylindrical silica nanopores: Effect of size on the single-atom mean kinetic energy},
author = {Andreani, C. and Senesi, R. and NAST, Centro di Nanoscienze, Nanotecnologie, Strumentazione, Universita degli Studi di Roma 'Tor Vergata', Via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, 00133 Rome and Pantalei, C.},
abstractNote = {This paper reports a study of the short-time dynamics of helium confined in silica nanopores (xerogel powder), with average pore diameters of 24 and 160 A. The longitudinal momentum distribution of helium adsorbed in xerogels has been determined via deep inelastic neutron scattering (DINS) measurements performed on the VESUVIO spectrometer at the ISIS spallation source. DINS measurements, in the attosecond time scale (i.e., 10{sup -16}-10{sup -15} s), were performed at a temperature of T=2.5 K and saturated vapor pressure conditions, with 95% pore volume filling. The average wave-vector transfer q was about 130 A{sup -1}. For confined helium, significant changes in the values of the single-particle mean kinetic energies <E{sub K}> are found in the bulk phase. These are 32.6{+-}8.7 K for the 24 A and 24.4{+-}5.3 K for the 160 A pore diameters, remarkably higher than <E{sub K}>=16.2{+-}0.4 K, the value of normal liquid {sup 4}He at T=2.5 K and saturated vapor pressure conditions. The results are interpreted in terms of a model where {sup 4}He atoms are arranged in concentric annuli along the cylindrical pore axis, with <E{sub K}> mainly dependent on the ratio between the atomic 'effective' diameter and the pore diameter. The number of solid layers close to pore surface is found to be strongly pore-size dependent with one single solid layer for 24 A diameter pore and three solid layers for 160 A diameter pore.},
doi = {10.1103/PHYSREVB.75.064515},
journal = {Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics},
number = 6,
volume = 75,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Feb 01 00:00:00 EST 2007},
month = {Thu Feb 01 00:00:00 EST 2007}
}