skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Observational constraints on hyperons in neutron stars

Abstract

The possibility that neutron stars may contain substantial hyperon populations has important implications for neutron-star cooling and, through bulk viscosity, the viability of the r-modes of accreting neutron stars as sources of persistent gravitational waves. In conjunction with laboratory measurements of hypernuclei, astronomical observations were used by Glendenning and Moszkowski [Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 2414 (1991)] to constrain the properties of hyperonic equations of state within the framework of relativistic mean-field theory. We revisit the problem, incorporating recent measurements of high neutron-star masses and a gravitational redshift. We find that only the stiffest of the relativistic hyperonic equations of state commonly used in the literature is compatible with the redshift. However, it is possible to construct stiffer equations of state within the same framework which produce the observed redshift while satisfying the experimental constraints on hypernuclei, and we do this. The stiffness parameter that most affects the redshift is not the incompressibility but rather the hyperon coupling. Nonrelativistic potential-based equations of state with hyperons are not constrained by the redshift, primarily due to a smaller stellar radius.

Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Center for Gravitational Wave Physics, Institute for Gravitational Physics and Geometry, Department of Physics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802-6300 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20795738
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physical Review. D, Particles Fields; Journal Volume: 73; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.73.024021; (c) 2006 The American Physical Society; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; COSMOLOGY; COUPLING; EQUATIONS OF STATE; FLEXIBILITY; GRAVITATIONAL WAVES; HYPERNUCLEI; HYPERONS; MASS; MEAN-FIELD THEORY; NEUTRON STARS; POTENTIALS; RED SHIFT; RELATIVISTIC RANGE; VISCOSITY

Citation Formats

Lackey, Benjamin D., Nayyar, Mohit, and Owen, Benjamin J. Observational constraints on hyperons in neutron stars. United States: N. p., 2006. Web. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVD.73.0.
Lackey, Benjamin D., Nayyar, Mohit, & Owen, Benjamin J. Observational constraints on hyperons in neutron stars. United States. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVD.73.0.
Lackey, Benjamin D., Nayyar, Mohit, and Owen, Benjamin J. Sun . "Observational constraints on hyperons in neutron stars". United States. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVD.73.0.
@article{osti_20795738,
title = {Observational constraints on hyperons in neutron stars},
author = {Lackey, Benjamin D. and Nayyar, Mohit and Owen, Benjamin J.},
abstractNote = {The possibility that neutron stars may contain substantial hyperon populations has important implications for neutron-star cooling and, through bulk viscosity, the viability of the r-modes of accreting neutron stars as sources of persistent gravitational waves. In conjunction with laboratory measurements of hypernuclei, astronomical observations were used by Glendenning and Moszkowski [Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 2414 (1991)] to constrain the properties of hyperonic equations of state within the framework of relativistic mean-field theory. We revisit the problem, incorporating recent measurements of high neutron-star masses and a gravitational redshift. We find that only the stiffest of the relativistic hyperonic equations of state commonly used in the literature is compatible with the redshift. However, it is possible to construct stiffer equations of state within the same framework which produce the observed redshift while satisfying the experimental constraints on hypernuclei, and we do this. The stiffness parameter that most affects the redshift is not the incompressibility but rather the hyperon coupling. Nonrelativistic potential-based equations of state with hyperons are not constrained by the redshift, primarily due to a smaller stellar radius.},
doi = {10.1103/PHYSREVD.73.0},
journal = {Physical Review. D, Particles Fields},
number = 2,
volume = 73,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Jan 15 00:00:00 EST 2006},
month = {Sun Jan 15 00:00:00 EST 2006}
}
  • The present state of empirical knowledge concerning neutron-star masses is reviewed on the basis of information obtained for the nine known X-ray pulsars in binary systems. Pulse profiles and other pulse parameters of these X-ray pulsars are examined, and allowable mass ranges are estimated for four X-ray pulsars in binary systems as well as for the binary pulsar PSR 1913+16. The approximate mass ranges obtained include 1.2 to 2.4 solar masses for 3U 0900-40, 0.7 to 4.3 solar masses for Cen X-3, 0.8 to 1.8 solar masses for SMC X-1, 0.0 to 2.3 solar masses for Her X-1, and eithermore » 1.4 to 1.8 solar masses or 0.0 to 1.8 solar masses for PSR 1913+16 if the companion is a normal white dwarf or some other type of star, respectively. Theoretical implications of these results are briefly considered.« less
  • V792 Her is an eclipsing RS CVn binary with an orbital period of 27.54 days whose components have spectral types of K0 III and F2 IV. New spectroscopic observations combined with existing photometry have resulted in masses of 1.47 + or - 0.003 solar mass and 1.41 + or - 0.003 solar mass for the K giant and F star, respectively. Additional fundamental parameters are derived. Standard evolutionary models were specifically computed by VandenBerg (1990) for the two stars. The best fit occurs if the components are somewhat metal poor with Fe/H/ = - 0.46. Ages of about 2.3 xmore » 10 to the 9th yr derived for the two components differ by less than 3 percent. Thus, standard evolutionary models with no convective overshoot are able to fit the observed parameters of stars as massive as 1.45 solar mass. However, a definitive comparison is not yet possible since the metal abundance of the stars is unknown and metal-poor convective-overshoot tracks in this mass range are needed. 35 refs.« less
  • We investigate anew the distribution of absolute carbon abundance, A (C) = log ϵ (C), for carbon-enhanced metal-poor (CEMP) stars in the halo of the Milky Way, based on high-resolution spectroscopic data for a total sample of 305 CEMP stars. The sample includes 147 CEMP- s (and CEMP- r / s ) stars, 127 CEMP-no stars, and 31 CEMP stars that are unclassified, based on the currently employed [Ba/Fe] criterion. We confirm previous claims that the distribution of A (C) for CEMP stars is (at least) bimodal, with newly determined peaks centered on A (C) = 7.96 (the high-C region)more » and A (C) = 6.28 (the low-C region). A very high fraction of CEMP- s (and CEMP- r / s ) stars belongs to the high-C region, while the great majority of CEMP-no stars resides in the low-C region. However, there exists complexity in the morphology of the A (C)-[Fe/H] space for the CEMP-no stars, a first indication that more than one class of first-generation stellar progenitors may be required to account for their observed abundances. The two groups of CEMP-no stars we identify exhibit clearly different locations in the A (Na)- A (C) and A (Mg)- A (C) spaces, also suggesting multiple progenitors. The clear distinction in A (C) between the CEMP- s (and CEMP- r / s ) stars and the CEMP-no stars appears to be as successful, and likely more astrophysically fundamental, for the separation of these sub-classes as the previously recommended criterion based on [Ba/Fe] (and [Ba/Eu]) abundance ratios. This result opens the window for its application to present and future large-scale low- and medium-resolution spectroscopic surveys.« less
  • Cited by 5