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Title: The 'value of research' methodology and hybrid power plant design

Abstract

Distributed power generation is one of the most powerful applications of fuel cell power plants. Several types of configurations have been hypothesized and tested for these kinds of applications at the conceptual level, but hybrid power plants are one of the most efficient. These are designs that combine the fuel cell cycle with other thermodynamic cycles to provide higher efficiency. The power plant in focus is the high-pressure (HP)-low-pressure (LP) solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)/steam turbine (ST)/gas turbine (GT) configuration which is a part of the Vision-21 program in the USA. In this design, coal is gasified in an entrained bed gasifier and the syngas produced is cleaned in a transport bed desulfurizer and passed over to cascaded SOFC modules (at two pressure levels). This module is integrated with a reheat GT cycle. The heat of the exhaust from the GT cycle is used to convert water to steam, which is eventually used in a steam bottoming cycle. Since this hybrid technology is new and futuristic, the system level models used for predicting the fuel cells' performance and for other modules such as the desulfurizer have significant uncertainties in them. Also, the performance curves of the SOFC would differ dependingmore » on the materials used for the anode, cathode, and electrolyte. The accurate characterization and quantification of these uncertainties is crucial to the credibility of the model predictions. We have utilized the uncertainty analysis of the (HP-LP)SOFC/ST/GT conceptual design to illustrate the concept of 'value of research', which deals with the examination of tradeoffs inherent in allocating scarce resources to reduce uncertainty.« less

Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Vishwamitra Research Institute, Westmont, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20712388
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research; Journal Volume: 45; Journal Issue: 2
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; 20 FOSSIL-FUELED POWER PLANTS; 30 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION; SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELLS; COAL GASIFICATION; FUEL CELL POWER PLANTS; DESIGN; ECONOMIC ANALYSIS; COST; RESEARCH PROGRAMS

Citation Formats

Subramanyan, K., and Diwekar, U.M. The 'value of research' methodology and hybrid power plant design. United States: N. p., 2006. Web. doi:10.1021/ie0492247.
Subramanyan, K., & Diwekar, U.M. The 'value of research' methodology and hybrid power plant design. United States. doi:10.1021/ie0492247.
Subramanyan, K., and Diwekar, U.M. Wed . "The 'value of research' methodology and hybrid power plant design". United States. doi:10.1021/ie0492247.
@article{osti_20712388,
title = {The 'value of research' methodology and hybrid power plant design},
author = {Subramanyan, K. and Diwekar, U.M.},
abstractNote = {Distributed power generation is one of the most powerful applications of fuel cell power plants. Several types of configurations have been hypothesized and tested for these kinds of applications at the conceptual level, but hybrid power plants are one of the most efficient. These are designs that combine the fuel cell cycle with other thermodynamic cycles to provide higher efficiency. The power plant in focus is the high-pressure (HP)-low-pressure (LP) solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)/steam turbine (ST)/gas turbine (GT) configuration which is a part of the Vision-21 program in the USA. In this design, coal is gasified in an entrained bed gasifier and the syngas produced is cleaned in a transport bed desulfurizer and passed over to cascaded SOFC modules (at two pressure levels). This module is integrated with a reheat GT cycle. The heat of the exhaust from the GT cycle is used to convert water to steam, which is eventually used in a steam bottoming cycle. Since this hybrid technology is new and futuristic, the system level models used for predicting the fuel cells' performance and for other modules such as the desulfurizer have significant uncertainties in them. Also, the performance curves of the SOFC would differ depending on the materials used for the anode, cathode, and electrolyte. The accurate characterization and quantification of these uncertainties is crucial to the credibility of the model predictions. We have utilized the uncertainty analysis of the (HP-LP)SOFC/ST/GT conceptual design to illustrate the concept of 'value of research', which deals with the examination of tradeoffs inherent in allocating scarce resources to reduce uncertainty.},
doi = {10.1021/ie0492247},
journal = {Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research},
number = 2,
volume = 45,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Jan 18 00:00:00 EST 2006},
month = {Wed Jan 18 00:00:00 EST 2006}
}