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Title: A hydrocarbon reaction model for low temperature hydrogen plasmas and an application to the Joint European Torus

Abstract

A model of collisional processes of hydrocarbons in hydrogen plasmas has been developed to aid in computer modeling efforts relevant to plasma-surface interactions. It includes 16 molecules (CH up to CH{sub 4}, C{sub 2}H to C{sub 2}H{sub 6}, and C{sub 3}H to C{sub 3}H{sub 6}) and four reaction types (electron impact ionization/dissociative ionization, electron impact dissociation, proton impact charge exchange, and dissociative recombination). Experimental reaction rates or cross sections have been compiled, and estimates have been made for cases where these are not available. The proton impact charge exchange reaction rates are calculated from a theoretical model using molecular polarizabilities. Dissociative recombination rates are described by the equation A/T{sup B} where parameter A is fit using polarizabilities and B is estimated from known reaction rates. The electron impact ionization and dissociation cross sections are fit to known graphs using four parameters: threshold energy, maximum value of the cross section, energy at the maximum, and a constant for the exponential decay as energy increases. The model has recently been used in an analysis of the Joint European Torus [P. H. Rebut, R. J. Bickerton, and B. E. Keen, Nucl. Fusion 25, 1011 (1985)] MARK II carbon inner divertor using the WBCmore » Monte Carlo impurity transport code. The updated version of WBC, which includes the full set of hydrocarbon reactions, helps to explain an observed asymmetry in carbon deposition near the divertor. (c) 2000 American Institute of Physics.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2]
  1. Department of Nuclear, Plasma, and Radiological Engineering, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States)
  2. Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20216031
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: PBD: May 2000; Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; JET TOKAMAK; HYDROCARBONS; PLASMA CONFINEMENT; PLASMA DENSITY; ELECTRON-MOLECULE COLLISIONS; CROSS SECTIONS; RECOMBINATION; IONIZATION; DISSOCIATION; EXPERIMENTAL DATA; THEORETICAL DATA

Citation Formats

Alman, D. A., Ruzic, D. N., and Brooks, J. N. A hydrocarbon reaction model for low temperature hydrogen plasmas and an application to the Joint European Torus. United States: N. p., 2000. Web. doi:10.1063/1.873960.
Alman, D. A., Ruzic, D. N., & Brooks, J. N. A hydrocarbon reaction model for low temperature hydrogen plasmas and an application to the Joint European Torus. United States. doi:10.1063/1.873960.
Alman, D. A., Ruzic, D. N., and Brooks, J. N. Mon . "A hydrocarbon reaction model for low temperature hydrogen plasmas and an application to the Joint European Torus". United States. doi:10.1063/1.873960.
@article{osti_20216031,
title = {A hydrocarbon reaction model for low temperature hydrogen plasmas and an application to the Joint European Torus},
author = {Alman, D. A. and Ruzic, D. N. and Brooks, J. N.},
abstractNote = {A model of collisional processes of hydrocarbons in hydrogen plasmas has been developed to aid in computer modeling efforts relevant to plasma-surface interactions. It includes 16 molecules (CH up to CH{sub 4}, C{sub 2}H to C{sub 2}H{sub 6}, and C{sub 3}H to C{sub 3}H{sub 6}) and four reaction types (electron impact ionization/dissociative ionization, electron impact dissociation, proton impact charge exchange, and dissociative recombination). Experimental reaction rates or cross sections have been compiled, and estimates have been made for cases where these are not available. The proton impact charge exchange reaction rates are calculated from a theoretical model using molecular polarizabilities. Dissociative recombination rates are described by the equation A/T{sup B} where parameter A is fit using polarizabilities and B is estimated from known reaction rates. The electron impact ionization and dissociation cross sections are fit to known graphs using four parameters: threshold energy, maximum value of the cross section, energy at the maximum, and a constant for the exponential decay as energy increases. The model has recently been used in an analysis of the Joint European Torus [P. H. Rebut, R. J. Bickerton, and B. E. Keen, Nucl. Fusion 25, 1011 (1985)] MARK II carbon inner divertor using the WBC Monte Carlo impurity transport code. The updated version of WBC, which includes the full set of hydrocarbon reactions, helps to explain an observed asymmetry in carbon deposition near the divertor. (c) 2000 American Institute of Physics.},
doi = {10.1063/1.873960},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
issn = {1070-664X},
number = 5,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {2000},
month = {5}
}