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Title: Research plan for the development of optical fiber pressure sensors for nuclear applications

Abstract

Fiber optic pressure sensors are desirable for nuclear applications because they are low mass/small size, immune to electromagnetic interference, high sensitivity, and have multiplexing and multimodal measurement capabilities. Much research and development has been conducted on developing fiber optic based sensors and they are now considered a class of standard instrumentation in many industries. Specifically, for pressure sensing, a wide range of fiber based sensors have been developed for various pressure ranges and environments. This vast body of research will be leveraged for the development of pressure sensors for nuclear applications. Four pressure measurement scenarios were considered which would benefit from a fiber optic based pressure sensor. These scenarios include pressure measurement in the fuel rod plenum, coolant pressure during LOCA testing, advanced coolant (helium, sodium, molten salt) pressure for flow loop operation, and high pressures resulting for direct fuel-coolant interaction. Each scenario has unique pressure, temperature, and material requirements for the sensor. From a survey of commercially available sensors and a literature review; it has been determined that an extrinsic Fabry-Perot interferometer approach is the most appropriate for the various measurement requirements. The experience and knowledge base for Fabry-Perot interferometers can be leveraged since they are the most commonmore » fiber optic based pressure sensors available commercially and found in literature. These pressure sensors rely on the interference of light in a gas filled cavity, which minimizes the impact of radiation induced attenuation and compaction on the measurement, compared to intrinsic sensing techniques. The measurement range of these sensors is based on the stiffness of the diaphragm that deflects under pressure. This allows for a suite of fiber based sensors to be developed by interchanging this diaphragm for the requirements of each application. Key material and design considerations have been identified for the development of a Fabry-Perot interferometry pressure measurement for nuclear applications. These include high temperature bonding between the glass fiber optic and metal housing, identifying diaphragm materials & geometry, and minimizing cross sensitivity to temperature or implementing compensation techniques found in literature. Overcoming these challenges will develop a pathway for a fiber optic based pressure sensor for nuclear applications, and additionally can be leveraged for other sensing application based on Fabry-Perot interferometers, such as temperature, strain (creep & deformation), vibration, and index of refraction.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Idaho National Laboratory
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1668346
Report Number(s):
INL/EXT-18-45711-Rev000
DOE Contract Number:  
DE-AC07-05ID14517
Resource Type:
S&T Accomplishment Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
11 - NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; Pressure Sensor; Optical Fiber

Citation Formats

Fleming, Austin, Daw, Joshua, Smith, James, and Calderoni, Pattrick. Research plan for the development of optical fiber pressure sensors for nuclear applications. United States: N. p., 2018. Web.
Fleming, Austin, Daw, Joshua, Smith, James, & Calderoni, Pattrick. Research plan for the development of optical fiber pressure sensors for nuclear applications. United States.
Fleming, Austin, Daw, Joshua, Smith, James, and Calderoni, Pattrick. 2018. "Research plan for the development of optical fiber pressure sensors for nuclear applications". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1668346.
@article{osti_1668346,
title = {Research plan for the development of optical fiber pressure sensors for nuclear applications},
author = {Fleming, Austin and Daw, Joshua and Smith, James and Calderoni, Pattrick},
abstractNote = {Fiber optic pressure sensors are desirable for nuclear applications because they are low mass/small size, immune to electromagnetic interference, high sensitivity, and have multiplexing and multimodal measurement capabilities. Much research and development has been conducted on developing fiber optic based sensors and they are now considered a class of standard instrumentation in many industries. Specifically, for pressure sensing, a wide range of fiber based sensors have been developed for various pressure ranges and environments. This vast body of research will be leveraged for the development of pressure sensors for nuclear applications. Four pressure measurement scenarios were considered which would benefit from a fiber optic based pressure sensor. These scenarios include pressure measurement in the fuel rod plenum, coolant pressure during LOCA testing, advanced coolant (helium, sodium, molten salt) pressure for flow loop operation, and high pressures resulting for direct fuel-coolant interaction. Each scenario has unique pressure, temperature, and material requirements for the sensor. From a survey of commercially available sensors and a literature review; it has been determined that an extrinsic Fabry-Perot interferometer approach is the most appropriate for the various measurement requirements. The experience and knowledge base for Fabry-Perot interferometers can be leveraged since they are the most common fiber optic based pressure sensors available commercially and found in literature. These pressure sensors rely on the interference of light in a gas filled cavity, which minimizes the impact of radiation induced attenuation and compaction on the measurement, compared to intrinsic sensing techniques. The measurement range of these sensors is based on the stiffness of the diaphragm that deflects under pressure. This allows for a suite of fiber based sensors to be developed by interchanging this diaphragm for the requirements of each application. Key material and design considerations have been identified for the development of a Fabry-Perot interferometry pressure measurement for nuclear applications. These include high temperature bonding between the glass fiber optic and metal housing, identifying diaphragm materials & geometry, and minimizing cross sensitivity to temperature or implementing compensation techniques found in literature. Overcoming these challenges will develop a pathway for a fiber optic based pressure sensor for nuclear applications, and additionally can be leveraged for other sensing application based on Fabry-Perot interferometers, such as temperature, strain (creep & deformation), vibration, and index of refraction.},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1668346}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {6}
}