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Title: A study of longitudinal charged-pion electroproduction in D, {sup 3}He, and {sup 4}He

Abstract

Recent studies of pion electroproduction on the deuteron carried out by the ANL group at ALS, Saclay, show that even in the weakly-bound deuteron, multinucleon processes alter the electroproduction amplitudes in the forward direction. The data provide the first experimental indications for a significant change in the pion-nucleon coupling for nucleons bound in nuclei. It is clear that forward-angle electroproduction may be a sensitive probe of the properties of the pion coupling in the nuclear medium. At CEBAF, we will study longitudinal charged-pion electroproduction (in the excitation region below the delta isobar) along the direction of the momentum transfer where the charge scattering process dominates. Direct comparison of the cross section per nucleon in deuterium and the helium isotopes with the experimental value for the free nucleon will provide estimates of the strength of the nuclear pion field. A Rosenbluth separation of the longitudinal and transverse cross sections will be performed for four-momentum transfers of 2.5 and 10 fm{sup -2}. Measurements for a number of light nuclei will provide useful data on the sensitivity of longitudinal electroproduction to nuclear binding effects. If current conceptions of pion-exchange currents in nuclei are correct, longitudinal electroproduction will be suppressed at the lower momentummore » transfer and enhanced at the higher momentum transfer by multinucleon processes. If on the other hand, as suggested by recent data from Drell-Yan studies of antiquark structure functions, there is no such enhancement, a reformulation of pion exchange models of the medium- and short-range properties of nuclear forces will be required. Our proposal to carry out such a series of measurements at CEBAF using the coincident-pair spectrometer system planned for Hall C was approved. Pions will be observed in the short-orbit spectrometer (SOS) which will serve as the second arm.« less

Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. and others
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
166422
Report Number(s):
ANL-95/14
ON: DE96000985; TRN: 95:007970-0138
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: Aug 1995; Related Information: Is Part Of Physics Division Annual Report, April 1, 1994--March 31, 1995; Henning, W.F.; PB: 207 p.
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
66 PHYSICS; PIONS; ELECTROPRODUCTION; DEUTERIUM TARGET; ELECTRON REACTIONS; HELIUM 3 TARGET; HELIUM 4 TARGET; PROGRESS REPORT; MOMENTUM TRANSFER; STRUCTURE FUNCTIONS

Citation Formats

Jackson, H. E., Coulter, K. P., and Geesaman, D. F. A study of longitudinal charged-pion electroproduction in D, {sup 3}He, and {sup 4}He. United States: N. p., 1995. Web. doi:10.2172/166422.
Jackson, H. E., Coulter, K. P., & Geesaman, D. F. A study of longitudinal charged-pion electroproduction in D, {sup 3}He, and {sup 4}He. United States. doi:10.2172/166422.
Jackson, H. E., Coulter, K. P., and Geesaman, D. F. Tue . "A study of longitudinal charged-pion electroproduction in D, {sup 3}He, and {sup 4}He". United States. doi:10.2172/166422. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/166422.
@article{osti_166422,
title = {A study of longitudinal charged-pion electroproduction in D, {sup 3}He, and {sup 4}He},
author = {Jackson, H. E. and Coulter, K. P. and Geesaman, D. F.},
abstractNote = {Recent studies of pion electroproduction on the deuteron carried out by the ANL group at ALS, Saclay, show that even in the weakly-bound deuteron, multinucleon processes alter the electroproduction amplitudes in the forward direction. The data provide the first experimental indications for a significant change in the pion-nucleon coupling for nucleons bound in nuclei. It is clear that forward-angle electroproduction may be a sensitive probe of the properties of the pion coupling in the nuclear medium. At CEBAF, we will study longitudinal charged-pion electroproduction (in the excitation region below the delta isobar) along the direction of the momentum transfer where the charge scattering process dominates. Direct comparison of the cross section per nucleon in deuterium and the helium isotopes with the experimental value for the free nucleon will provide estimates of the strength of the nuclear pion field. A Rosenbluth separation of the longitudinal and transverse cross sections will be performed for four-momentum transfers of 2.5 and 10 fm{sup -2}. Measurements for a number of light nuclei will provide useful data on the sensitivity of longitudinal electroproduction to nuclear binding effects. If current conceptions of pion-exchange currents in nuclei are correct, longitudinal electroproduction will be suppressed at the lower momentum transfer and enhanced at the higher momentum transfer by multinucleon processes. If on the other hand, as suggested by recent data from Drell-Yan studies of antiquark structure functions, there is no such enhancement, a reformulation of pion exchange models of the medium- and short-range properties of nuclear forces will be required. Our proposal to carry out such a series of measurements at CEBAF using the coincident-pair spectrometer system planned for Hall C was approved. Pions will be observed in the short-orbit spectrometer (SOS) which will serve as the second arm.},
doi = {10.2172/166422},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1995},
month = {8}
}