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Title: Community Microgrid Planning Considering Building Thermal Dynamics

Abstract

In this paper, the building thermal dynamic characteristics are introduced in the community microgrid (MG) planning model. The proposed planning model is formulated as a mixed integer linear programming (MILP) which seeks to determine the optimal deployment strategy for various distributed energy resources (DER). The objective is to minimize the annualized cost of community MG, including investment cost in DER, operation cost for dispatchable fuel-generators (DFG), energy storage system (ESS) degradation cost, energy purchasing and peak demand charge at PCC, customer discomfort cost due to the room temperature deviation and load curtailment cost. Given the slow thermal dynamic characteristics of buildings, the heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) system in the proposed model is treated as a demand side management (DSM) component, whose dispatch commands are provided by the central MG controller. Numerical results based on a community MG comprising of 20 residential buildings demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed planning model and the benefits of introducing the building thermal dynamic model.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. Global Energy Interconnection Research Institute North America (GEIRI North America), California
  2. ORNL
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Electricity (OE)
OSTI Identifier:
1651283
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 2019 IEEE Sustainable Power and Energy Conference (iSPEC) - Beijing, , China - 11/21/2019 5:00:00 AM-11/23/2019 5:00:00 AM
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Zhang, Xiaohu, Bian, Desong, Shi, Di, Wang, Zhiwei, and Liu, Guodong. Community Microgrid Planning Considering Building Thermal Dynamics. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1109/iSPEC48194.2019.8975202.
Zhang, Xiaohu, Bian, Desong, Shi, Di, Wang, Zhiwei, & Liu, Guodong. Community Microgrid Planning Considering Building Thermal Dynamics. United States. https://doi.org/10.1109/iSPEC48194.2019.8975202
Zhang, Xiaohu, Bian, Desong, Shi, Di, Wang, Zhiwei, and Liu, Guodong. 2019. "Community Microgrid Planning Considering Building Thermal Dynamics". United States. https://doi.org/10.1109/iSPEC48194.2019.8975202. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1651283.
@article{osti_1651283,
title = {Community Microgrid Planning Considering Building Thermal Dynamics},
author = {Zhang, Xiaohu and Bian, Desong and Shi, Di and Wang, Zhiwei and Liu, Guodong},
abstractNote = {In this paper, the building thermal dynamic characteristics are introduced in the community microgrid (MG) planning model. The proposed planning model is formulated as a mixed integer linear programming (MILP) which seeks to determine the optimal deployment strategy for various distributed energy resources (DER). The objective is to minimize the annualized cost of community MG, including investment cost in DER, operation cost for dispatchable fuel-generators (DFG), energy storage system (ESS) degradation cost, energy purchasing and peak demand charge at PCC, customer discomfort cost due to the room temperature deviation and load curtailment cost. Given the slow thermal dynamic characteristics of buildings, the heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) system in the proposed model is treated as a demand side management (DSM) component, whose dispatch commands are provided by the central MG controller. Numerical results based on a community MG comprising of 20 residential buildings demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed planning model and the benefits of introducing the building thermal dynamic model.},
doi = {10.1109/iSPEC48194.2019.8975202},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1651283}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {11}
}

Conference:
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