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Title: A Review on Binder Jet Additive Manufacturing of 316L Stainless Steel

Abstract

Binder jet additive manufacturing enables the production of complex components for numerous applications. Binder jetting is the only powder bed additive manufacturing process that is not fusion-based, thus manufactured parts have no residual stresses as opposed to laser-based additive manufacturing processes. Binder jet technology can be adopted for the production of various small and large metallic parts for specific applications, including in the biomedical and energy sectors, at a lower cost and shorter lead time. One of the most well-known types of stainless steels for various industries is 316L, which has been extensively manufactured using binder jet technology. Binder jet manufactured 316L parts have obtained near full density and, in some cases, similar mechanical properties compared to conventionally manufactured parts. This article introduces methods, principles, and applications of binder jetting of SS 316L. Details of binder jetting processes, including powder characteristics (shape and size), binder properties (binder chemistry and droplet formation mechanism), printing process parameters (such as layer thickness, binder saturation, drying time), and post-processing sintering mechanism and densification processes, are carefully reviewed. Furthermore, critical factors in the selection of feedstock, printing parameters, sintering temperature, time, atmosphere, and heating rate of 316L binder jet manufactured parts are highlighted and summarized.more » Finally, the above-mentioned processing parameters are correlated with final density and mechanical properties of 316L components to establish a guideline on feedstock selection and process parameters optimization to achieve desired density, structure and properties for various applications.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR (United States); Advanced Technology and Manufacturing Institute (ATAMI), Corvallis, OR (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
RAPID Manufacturing Institute (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Energy Efficiency Office. Advanced Manufacturing Office
OSTI Identifier:
1647748
Grant/Contract Number:  
EE0007888
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Manufacturing and Materials Processing
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 3; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 2504-4494
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
Additive manufacturing; binder jetting; three-dimensional printing; stainless steel (SS) 316L; powder bed; sintering; diffusion; porosity; densification; mechanical properties

Citation Formats

Mirzababaei, Saereh, and Pasebani, Somayeh. A Review on Binder Jet Additive Manufacturing of 316L Stainless Steel. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.3390/jmmp3030082.
Mirzababaei, Saereh, & Pasebani, Somayeh. A Review on Binder Jet Additive Manufacturing of 316L Stainless Steel. United States. doi:10.3390/jmmp3030082.
Mirzababaei, Saereh, and Pasebani, Somayeh. Mon . "A Review on Binder Jet Additive Manufacturing of 316L Stainless Steel". United States. doi:10.3390/jmmp3030082. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1647748.
@article{osti_1647748,
title = {A Review on Binder Jet Additive Manufacturing of 316L Stainless Steel},
author = {Mirzababaei, Saereh and Pasebani, Somayeh},
abstractNote = {Binder jet additive manufacturing enables the production of complex components for numerous applications. Binder jetting is the only powder bed additive manufacturing process that is not fusion-based, thus manufactured parts have no residual stresses as opposed to laser-based additive manufacturing processes. Binder jet technology can be adopted for the production of various small and large metallic parts for specific applications, including in the biomedical and energy sectors, at a lower cost and shorter lead time. One of the most well-known types of stainless steels for various industries is 316L, which has been extensively manufactured using binder jet technology. Binder jet manufactured 316L parts have obtained near full density and, in some cases, similar mechanical properties compared to conventionally manufactured parts. This article introduces methods, principles, and applications of binder jetting of SS 316L. Details of binder jetting processes, including powder characteristics (shape and size), binder properties (binder chemistry and droplet formation mechanism), printing process parameters (such as layer thickness, binder saturation, drying time), and post-processing sintering mechanism and densification processes, are carefully reviewed. Furthermore, critical factors in the selection of feedstock, printing parameters, sintering temperature, time, atmosphere, and heating rate of 316L binder jet manufactured parts are highlighted and summarized. Finally, the above-mentioned processing parameters are correlated with final density and mechanical properties of 316L components to establish a guideline on feedstock selection and process parameters optimization to achieve desired density, structure and properties for various applications.},
doi = {10.3390/jmmp3030082},
journal = {Journal of Manufacturing and Materials Processing},
issn = {2504-4494},
number = 3,
volume = 3,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {9}
}

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