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Title: New Science Opportunities Enabled by LCLS-II X-Ray Lasers

Abstract

This document attempts to capture the most compelling new science opportunities that are enabled by the unique capabilities of the new LCLS-II X-ray laser facility, namely: soft and tender X-rays (0.25 to 5 keV) at high repetition rates (up to 1 MHz) and hard X-rays (up to 25 keV) at 120 Hz. Many compelling areas of science have been identified by the scientific community, through a series of workshops over the past several years, where LCLS-II offers the potential to significantly advance our understanding. This document is not intended to be comprehensive of all the science to be pursued at the future LCLS facility. In particular, it does not capture important ongoing science that will continue to exploit the existing capabilities of the present LCLS facility. Nevertheless, this document will help to establish a scientific foundation for the new facility (encompassing present LCLS capabilities and new LCLS-II capabilities), and will inform LCLS strategic planning and investments over the next 5-10 years. The emphasis of this document is on identifying broad scientific opportunities, elucidating their potential impact, and providing a first-order link between these opportunities and LCLS-II capabilities. Brief descriptions are provided for various experimental approaches to be used, and novelmore » new approaches to be developed, along with select examples of required optics and instruments. However, this document is not intended to capture all the optics and instrumentation requirements. Similarly it does not provide a detailed plan for instrumentation design or for any associated research and development that might be required. Balancing the scientific opportunities and impact, with instrumentation needs, available resources, and infrastructure, will be part of the LCLS planning process which this document will help to inform.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [4];  [2];  [5];  [2];  [4];  [2];  [2];  [6];  [2];  [7];  [2];  [3];  [8];  [2];  [2];  [9] more »;  [9];  [10];  [2];  [11];  [12];  [13];  [3];  [2];  [2];  [4];  [3];  [2];  [2];  [14];  [2];  [3];  [9];  [2];  [10];  [15];  [2];  [2];  [16];  [17];  [2];  [18];  [19];  [2];  [3];  [2];  [2];  [20];  [4];  [21];  [3];  [2];  [22];  [2];  [23];  [24];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [2];  [8];  [2];  [2];  [25];  [2];  [3];  [26];  [27];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [2];  [9];  [3];  [28];  [29];  [24];  [22];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [30];  [3];  [31];  [24];  [2];  [32];  [3];  [2];  [33];  [2];  [22];  [10];  [27];  [2];  [20];  [19];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [9];  [10];  [9];  [34];  [2];  [10];  [3];  [9];  [35];  [2];  [9];  [18];  [36];  [37];  [2];  [38];  [2];  [2];  [39];  [20];  [2];  [40];  [41];  [19];  [42];  [43];  [2];  [9];  [44];  [2];  [2];  [28];  [27];  [2];  [45];  [3];  [46];  [47];  [48];  [2];  [3];  [2];  [9];  [2];  [2];  [49];  [50];  [3];  [49];  [51];  [8];  [52];  [3];  [20];  [53];  [2];  [45];  [6];  [32];  [15];  [3];  [2];  [37];  [54];  [37];  [3];  [2];  [2];  [55];  [24];  [22];  [2];  [2];  [21];  [56];  [27];  [57];  [2];  [58];  [2];  [4];  [59];  [9];  [59];  [60];  [3];  [61];  [9];  [62];  [2];  [63];  [3];  [64];  [3];  [3];  [8];  [24];  [28];  [2];  [3] « less
  1. Univ. of Illinois, Chicago, IL (United States)
  2. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  3. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  4. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  5. National Inst. of Health (NIH), Bethesda, MD (United States)
  6. Center for Free-Electron Laser Science (CFEL), Hamburg (Germany); Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)
  7. Univ. of Connecticut, Storrs, CT (United States)
  8. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  9. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Stanford Univ., CA (United States)
  10. Stanford Univ., CA (United States)
  11. Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter, Hamburg (Germany); Univ. of Hamburg (Germany); Univ. of Oxford (United Kingdom)
  12. Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
  13. Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), Houston, TX (United States)
  14. Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States)
  15. Goethe Univ., Frankfurt (Germany)
  16. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
  17. Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
  18. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States)
  19. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
  20. Max Planck Inst. for Medical Research, Heidelberg (Germany)
  21. Univ. of California, San Francisco, CA (United States)
  22. Arizona State Univ., Mesa, AZ (United States)
  23. Univ. of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE (United States)
  24. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  25. Temple Univ., Philadelphia, PA (United States)
  26. Uppsala Univ. (Sweden)
  27. Sandia National Laboratories (SNL), Albuquerque, NM, and Livermore, CA (United States)
  28. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  29. Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States)
  30. Center for Free-Electron Laser Science (CFEL), Hamburg (Germany); Univ. of Hamburg (Germany)
  31. European X-ray Free-Electron Laser (XFEL), Hamburg (Germany); Stanford Univ., CA (United States)
  32. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  33. Sogang Univ., Seoul (S. Korea)
  34. ShanghaiTech University, Pudong (China)
  35. Imperial College, London (United Kingdom)
  36. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Univ. of California, San Francisco, CA (United States)
  37. Univ. of California, San Diego, CA (United States)
  38. RIKEN, Saitama (Japan). Center for Advanced Photonics
  39. Univ. of California, Irvine, CA (United States)
  40. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
  41. Forschungszentrum Juelich (Germany)
  42. Univ. of Gothenburg (Sweden)
  43. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Stockholm Univ. (Sweden)
  44. Photon Factory, Tsukuba (Japan)
  45. Univ. of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI (United States)
  46. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
  47. Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States)
  48. Radboud Univ., Nijmegen (Netherlands)
  49. Kansas State Univ., Manhattan, KS (United States)
  50. Max Planck Society, Dresden (Germany). Max Planck Inst. for the Physics of Complex Systems; Stanford Univ., CA (United States)
  51. Univ. of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA (United States)
  52. Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States)
  53. Max Planck Society, Berlin (Germany). Fritz-Haber Inst.
  54. National Inst. of Standards and Technology (NIST), Boulder, CO (United States)
  55. Univ. of Duisburg-Essen (Germany)
  56. Lund Univ. (Sweden)
  57. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
  58. Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton, AB (Canada)
  59. Univ. of Oxford (United Kingdom)
  60. Brown Univ., Providence, RI (United States)
  61. General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
  62. Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin (HZB), (Germany)
  63. Paul Scherrer Inst. (PSI), Villigen (Switzerland)
  64. Center for Free-Electron Laser Science (CFEL), Hamburg (Germany); Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Univ. of Hamburg (Germany)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1630267
Report Number(s):
SLAC-R-1053
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Abbamonte, P., Abild-Pedersen, Frank, Adams, P., Ahmed, M., Albert, F., Mori, R. Alonso, Anfinrud, P., Aquila, A., Armstrong, M., Arthur, J., Bargar, J., Barty, A., Bergmann, U., Berrah, N., Blaj, G., Bluhm, H., Bolme, C., Bostedt, C., Boutet, S., Brown, G., Bucksbaum, P., Cargnello, M., Carini, G., Cavalleri, A., Cherezov, V., Chiu, W., Chuang, Y., Cocco, D., Coffee, R., Collins, G., Cordones-Hahn, A., Cryan, J., Dakovski, G., Dantus, M., Demirci, H., Denes, P., Devereaux, T., Ding, Y., Doniach, S., Dorner, R., Dunne, M., Durr, H., Egami, T., Eisenberg, D., Emma, P., Fadley, C., Falcone, R., Feng, Y., Fischer, P., Fiuza, F., Fletcher, L., Foucar, L., Frank, M., Fraser, J., Frei, H., Fritz, D., Fromme, P., Fry, A., Fuchs, M., Fuoss, P., Gaffney, K., Gamboa, E., Gessner, O., Ghimire, S., Gleason, A., Glenzer, S., Gorkhover, T., Gray, A., Guehr, M., Guo, J., Hajdu, J., Hansen, S., Hart, P., Hashimoto, M., Hastings, J., Haxton, D., Heimann, P., Heinz, T., Hexemer, A., Hill, J., Himpsel, F., Ho, P., Hogue, B., Huang, Z., Hunter, M., Hura, G., Huse, N., Hussain, Z., Ilchen, M., Jacobsen, C., Kenney, C., Kern, J., Kevan, S., Kim, J., Kim, H., Kirchmann, P., Kirian, R., Kivelson, S., Kliewer, C., Koralek, J., Kovacsova, G., Lanzara, A., LaRue, J., Lee, H., Lee, J., Lee, W., Lee, Y., Lindau, I., Lindenberg, A., Liu, Z., Lu, D., Lundstrom, U., MacDowell, A., Mao, W., Marangos, J., Marcus, G., Martinez, T., McCurdy, W., McDermott, G., McGuffey, C., Minitti, M., Miyabe, S., Moeller, S., Moore, R., Mukamel, S., Nass, K., Natan, A., Nelson, K., Nemsak, S., Neumark, D., Neutze, R., Nilsson, A., Nordlund, D., Norskov, J., Nozawa, S., Ogasawara, H., Ohldag, H., Orville, A., Osborn, D., Osipov, T., Ourmazd, A., Parkinson, D., Pellegrini, C., Phillips, G., Rasing, T., Raubenheimer, T., Recigno, T., Reid, A., Reis, D., Robert, A., Robinson, J., Rolles, D., Rost, J., Roy, S., Rudenko, A., Russell, T., Sandberg, R., Sandhu, A., Sauter, N., Schlichting, I., Schlogl, R., Schlotter, W., Schmidt, M., Schneider, J., Schoenlein, R., Schoeffler, M., Scholl, A., Shen, Z., Shpyrko, O., Silva, T., Sinha, S., Slaughter, D., Sobota, J., Sokaras, D., Sokolowski-Tinten, K., Southworth, S., Spence, J., Stan, C., Stohr, J., Stroud, R., Sundstrom, V., Taatjes, C., Thomas, A., Trigo, M., Tsui, Y., Turner, J., van Buuren, A., Vinko, S., Wakatsuki, S., Wark, J., Weber, P., Weber, T., Wei, M., Weiss, T., Wernet, P., White, W., Willmott, P., Wilson, K., Wurth, W., Yachandra, V., Yano, J., Yarotski, D., Young, L., Zhu, Y., Zhu, D., and Zwart, P. New Science Opportunities Enabled by LCLS-II X-Ray Lasers. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.2172/1630267.
Abbamonte, P., Abild-Pedersen, Frank, Adams, P., Ahmed, M., Albert, F., Mori, R. Alonso, Anfinrud, P., Aquila, A., Armstrong, M., Arthur, J., Bargar, J., Barty, A., Bergmann, U., Berrah, N., Blaj, G., Bluhm, H., Bolme, C., Bostedt, C., Boutet, S., Brown, G., Bucksbaum, P., Cargnello, M., Carini, G., Cavalleri, A., Cherezov, V., Chiu, W., Chuang, Y., Cocco, D., Coffee, R., Collins, G., Cordones-Hahn, A., Cryan, J., Dakovski, G., Dantus, M., Demirci, H., Denes, P., Devereaux, T., Ding, Y., Doniach, S., Dorner, R., Dunne, M., Durr, H., Egami, T., Eisenberg, D., Emma, P., Fadley, C., Falcone, R., Feng, Y., Fischer, P., Fiuza, F., Fletcher, L., Foucar, L., Frank, M., Fraser, J., Frei, H., Fritz, D., Fromme, P., Fry, A., Fuchs, M., Fuoss, P., Gaffney, K., Gamboa, E., Gessner, O., Ghimire, S., Gleason, A., Glenzer, S., Gorkhover, T., Gray, A., Guehr, M., Guo, J., Hajdu, J., Hansen, S., Hart, P., Hashimoto, M., Hastings, J., Haxton, D., Heimann, P., Heinz, T., Hexemer, A., Hill, J., Himpsel, F., Ho, P., Hogue, B., Huang, Z., Hunter, M., Hura, G., Huse, N., Hussain, Z., Ilchen, M., Jacobsen, C., Kenney, C., Kern, J., Kevan, S., Kim, J., Kim, H., Kirchmann, P., Kirian, R., Kivelson, S., Kliewer, C., Koralek, J., Kovacsova, G., Lanzara, A., LaRue, J., Lee, H., Lee, J., Lee, W., Lee, Y., Lindau, I., Lindenberg, A., Liu, Z., Lu, D., Lundstrom, U., MacDowell, A., Mao, W., Marangos, J., Marcus, G., Martinez, T., McCurdy, W., McDermott, G., McGuffey, C., Minitti, M., Miyabe, S., Moeller, S., Moore, R., Mukamel, S., Nass, K., Natan, A., Nelson, K., Nemsak, S., Neumark, D., Neutze, R., Nilsson, A., Nordlund, D., Norskov, J., Nozawa, S., Ogasawara, H., Ohldag, H., Orville, A., Osborn, D., Osipov, T., Ourmazd, A., Parkinson, D., Pellegrini, C., Phillips, G., Rasing, T., Raubenheimer, T., Recigno, T., Reid, A., Reis, D., Robert, A., Robinson, J., Rolles, D., Rost, J., Roy, S., Rudenko, A., Russell, T., Sandberg, R., Sandhu, A., Sauter, N., Schlichting, I., Schlogl, R., Schlotter, W., Schmidt, M., Schneider, J., Schoenlein, R., Schoeffler, M., Scholl, A., Shen, Z., Shpyrko, O., Silva, T., Sinha, S., Slaughter, D., Sobota, J., Sokaras, D., Sokolowski-Tinten, K., Southworth, S., Spence, J., Stan, C., Stohr, J., Stroud, R., Sundstrom, V., Taatjes, C., Thomas, A., Trigo, M., Tsui, Y., Turner, J., van Buuren, A., Vinko, S., Wakatsuki, S., Wark, J., Weber, P., Weber, T., Wei, M., Weiss, T., Wernet, P., White, W., Willmott, P., Wilson, K., Wurth, W., Yachandra, V., Yano, J., Yarotski, D., Young, L., Zhu, Y., Zhu, D., & Zwart, P. New Science Opportunities Enabled by LCLS-II X-Ray Lasers. United States. doi:10.2172/1630267.
Abbamonte, P., Abild-Pedersen, Frank, Adams, P., Ahmed, M., Albert, F., Mori, R. Alonso, Anfinrud, P., Aquila, A., Armstrong, M., Arthur, J., Bargar, J., Barty, A., Bergmann, U., Berrah, N., Blaj, G., Bluhm, H., Bolme, C., Bostedt, C., Boutet, S., Brown, G., Bucksbaum, P., Cargnello, M., Carini, G., Cavalleri, A., Cherezov, V., Chiu, W., Chuang, Y., Cocco, D., Coffee, R., Collins, G., Cordones-Hahn, A., Cryan, J., Dakovski, G., Dantus, M., Demirci, H., Denes, P., Devereaux, T., Ding, Y., Doniach, S., Dorner, R., Dunne, M., Durr, H., Egami, T., Eisenberg, D., Emma, P., Fadley, C., Falcone, R., Feng, Y., Fischer, P., Fiuza, F., Fletcher, L., Foucar, L., Frank, M., Fraser, J., Frei, H., Fritz, D., Fromme, P., Fry, A., Fuchs, M., Fuoss, P., Gaffney, K., Gamboa, E., Gessner, O., Ghimire, S., Gleason, A., Glenzer, S., Gorkhover, T., Gray, A., Guehr, M., Guo, J., Hajdu, J., Hansen, S., Hart, P., Hashimoto, M., Hastings, J., Haxton, D., Heimann, P., Heinz, T., Hexemer, A., Hill, J., Himpsel, F., Ho, P., Hogue, B., Huang, Z., Hunter, M., Hura, G., Huse, N., Hussain, Z., Ilchen, M., Jacobsen, C., Kenney, C., Kern, J., Kevan, S., Kim, J., Kim, H., Kirchmann, P., Kirian, R., Kivelson, S., Kliewer, C., Koralek, J., Kovacsova, G., Lanzara, A., LaRue, J., Lee, H., Lee, J., Lee, W., Lee, Y., Lindau, I., Lindenberg, A., Liu, Z., Lu, D., Lundstrom, U., MacDowell, A., Mao, W., Marangos, J., Marcus, G., Martinez, T., McCurdy, W., McDermott, G., McGuffey, C., Minitti, M., Miyabe, S., Moeller, S., Moore, R., Mukamel, S., Nass, K., Natan, A., Nelson, K., Nemsak, S., Neumark, D., Neutze, R., Nilsson, A., Nordlund, D., Norskov, J., Nozawa, S., Ogasawara, H., Ohldag, H., Orville, A., Osborn, D., Osipov, T., Ourmazd, A., Parkinson, D., Pellegrini, C., Phillips, G., Rasing, T., Raubenheimer, T., Recigno, T., Reid, A., Reis, D., Robert, A., Robinson, J., Rolles, D., Rost, J., Roy, S., Rudenko, A., Russell, T., Sandberg, R., Sandhu, A., Sauter, N., Schlichting, I., Schlogl, R., Schlotter, W., Schmidt, M., Schneider, J., Schoenlein, R., Schoeffler, M., Scholl, A., Shen, Z., Shpyrko, O., Silva, T., Sinha, S., Slaughter, D., Sobota, J., Sokaras, D., Sokolowski-Tinten, K., Southworth, S., Spence, J., Stan, C., Stohr, J., Stroud, R., Sundstrom, V., Taatjes, C., Thomas, A., Trigo, M., Tsui, Y., Turner, J., van Buuren, A., Vinko, S., Wakatsuki, S., Wark, J., Weber, P., Weber, T., Wei, M., Weiss, T., Wernet, P., White, W., Willmott, P., Wilson, K., Wurth, W., Yachandra, V., Yano, J., Yarotski, D., Young, L., Zhu, Y., Zhu, D., and Zwart, P. Mon . "New Science Opportunities Enabled by LCLS-II X-Ray Lasers". United States. doi:10.2172/1630267. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1630267.
@article{osti_1630267,
title = {New Science Opportunities Enabled by LCLS-II X-Ray Lasers},
author = {Abbamonte, P. and Abild-Pedersen, Frank and Adams, P. and Ahmed, M. and Albert, F. and Mori, R. Alonso and Anfinrud, P. and Aquila, A. and Armstrong, M. and Arthur, J. and Bargar, J. and Barty, A. and Bergmann, U. and Berrah, N. and Blaj, G. and Bluhm, H. and Bolme, C. and Bostedt, C. and Boutet, S. and Brown, G. and Bucksbaum, P. and Cargnello, M. and Carini, G. and Cavalleri, A. and Cherezov, V. and Chiu, W. and Chuang, Y. and Cocco, D. and Coffee, R. and Collins, G. and Cordones-Hahn, A. and Cryan, J. and Dakovski, G. and Dantus, M. and Demirci, H. and Denes, P. and Devereaux, T. and Ding, Y. and Doniach, S. and Dorner, R. and Dunne, M. and Durr, H. and Egami, T. and Eisenberg, D. and Emma, P. and Fadley, C. and Falcone, R. and Feng, Y. and Fischer, P. and Fiuza, F. and Fletcher, L. and Foucar, L. and Frank, M. and Fraser, J. and Frei, H. and Fritz, D. and Fromme, P. and Fry, A. and Fuchs, M. and Fuoss, P. and Gaffney, K. and Gamboa, E. and Gessner, O. and Ghimire, S. and Gleason, A. and Glenzer, S. and Gorkhover, T. and Gray, A. and Guehr, M. and Guo, J. and Hajdu, J. and Hansen, S. and Hart, P. and Hashimoto, M. and Hastings, J. and Haxton, D. and Heimann, P. and Heinz, T. and Hexemer, A. and Hill, J. and Himpsel, F. and Ho, P. and Hogue, B. and Huang, Z. and Hunter, M. and Hura, G. and Huse, N. and Hussain, Z. and Ilchen, M. and Jacobsen, C. and Kenney, C. and Kern, J. and Kevan, S. and Kim, J. and Kim, H. and Kirchmann, P. and Kirian, R. and Kivelson, S. and Kliewer, C. and Koralek, J. and Kovacsova, G. and Lanzara, A. and LaRue, J. and Lee, H. and Lee, J. and Lee, W. and Lee, Y. and Lindau, I. and Lindenberg, A. and Liu, Z. and Lu, D. and Lundstrom, U. and MacDowell, A. and Mao, W. and Marangos, J. and Marcus, G. and Martinez, T. and McCurdy, W. and McDermott, G. and McGuffey, C. and Minitti, M. and Miyabe, S. and Moeller, S. and Moore, R. and Mukamel, S. and Nass, K. and Natan, A. and Nelson, K. and Nemsak, S. and Neumark, D. and Neutze, R. and Nilsson, A. and Nordlund, D. and Norskov, J. and Nozawa, S. and Ogasawara, H. and Ohldag, H. and Orville, A. and Osborn, D. and Osipov, T. and Ourmazd, A. and Parkinson, D. and Pellegrini, C. and Phillips, G. and Rasing, T. and Raubenheimer, T. and Recigno, T. and Reid, A. and Reis, D. and Robert, A. and Robinson, J. and Rolles, D. and Rost, J. and Roy, S. and Rudenko, A. and Russell, T. and Sandberg, R. and Sandhu, A. and Sauter, N. and Schlichting, I. and Schlogl, R. and Schlotter, W. and Schmidt, M. and Schneider, J. and Schoenlein, R. and Schoeffler, M. and Scholl, A. and Shen, Z. and Shpyrko, O. and Silva, T. and Sinha, S. and Slaughter, D. and Sobota, J. and Sokaras, D. and Sokolowski-Tinten, K. and Southworth, S. and Spence, J. and Stan, C. and Stohr, J. and Stroud, R. and Sundstrom, V. and Taatjes, C. and Thomas, A. and Trigo, M. and Tsui, Y. and Turner, J. and van Buuren, A. and Vinko, S. and Wakatsuki, S. and Wark, J. and Weber, P. and Weber, T. and Wei, M. and Weiss, T. and Wernet, P. and White, W. and Willmott, P. and Wilson, K. and Wurth, W. and Yachandra, V. and Yano, J. and Yarotski, D. and Young, L. and Zhu, Y. and Zhu, D. and Zwart, P.},
abstractNote = {This document attempts to capture the most compelling new science opportunities that are enabled by the unique capabilities of the new LCLS-II X-ray laser facility, namely: soft and tender X-rays (0.25 to 5 keV) at high repetition rates (up to 1 MHz) and hard X-rays (up to 25 keV) at 120 Hz. Many compelling areas of science have been identified by the scientific community, through a series of workshops over the past several years, where LCLS-II offers the potential to significantly advance our understanding. This document is not intended to be comprehensive of all the science to be pursued at the future LCLS facility. In particular, it does not capture important ongoing science that will continue to exploit the existing capabilities of the present LCLS facility. Nevertheless, this document will help to establish a scientific foundation for the new facility (encompassing present LCLS capabilities and new LCLS-II capabilities), and will inform LCLS strategic planning and investments over the next 5-10 years. The emphasis of this document is on identifying broad scientific opportunities, elucidating their potential impact, and providing a first-order link between these opportunities and LCLS-II capabilities. Brief descriptions are provided for various experimental approaches to be used, and novel new approaches to be developed, along with select examples of required optics and instruments. However, this document is not intended to capture all the optics and instrumentation requirements. Similarly it does not provide a detailed plan for instrumentation design or for any associated research and development that might be required. Balancing the scientific opportunities and impact, with instrumentation needs, available resources, and infrastructure, will be part of the LCLS planning process which this document will help to inform.},
doi = {10.2172/1630267},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {6}
}