skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Magnetic Damping Modulation in IrMn{sub 3}/Ni{sub 80}Fe{sub 20} via the Magnetic Spin Hall Effect.

Abstract

Noncollinear antiferromagnets can have additional spin Hall effects due to the net chirality of their magnetic spin structure, which provides for more complex spin-transport phenomena compared to ordinary nonmagnetic materials. Here we investigated how ferromagnetic resonance of permalloy (Ni80Fe20) is modulated by spin Hall effects in adjacent epitaxial IrMn3 films. We observe a large dc modulation of the ferromagnetic resonance linewidth for currents applied along the [001] IrMn3 direction. This very strong angular dependence of spin-orbit torques from dc currents through the bilayers can be explained by the magnetic spin Hall effect where IrMn3 provides novel pathways for modulating magnetization dynamics electrically.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science - Office of Basic Energy Sciences - Materials Sciences and Engineering Division; National Science Foundation (NSF); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico (CNPq); Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK); China Scholarship Council
OSTI Identifier:
1602425
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 124; Journal Issue: 8
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Holanda, Jose, Saglam, Hilal, Karakas, Vedat, Zang, Zhizhi, Li, Yi, Divan, Ralu, Liu, Yuzi, Ozatay, Ozhan, Novosad, Valentine, Pearson, John E., and Hoffmann, Axel. Magnetic Damping Modulation in IrMn{sub 3}/Ni{sub 80}Fe{sub 20} via the Magnetic Spin Hall Effect.. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.124.087204.
Holanda, Jose, Saglam, Hilal, Karakas, Vedat, Zang, Zhizhi, Li, Yi, Divan, Ralu, Liu, Yuzi, Ozatay, Ozhan, Novosad, Valentine, Pearson, John E., & Hoffmann, Axel. Magnetic Damping Modulation in IrMn{sub 3}/Ni{sub 80}Fe{sub 20} via the Magnetic Spin Hall Effect.. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.124.087204.
Holanda, Jose, Saglam, Hilal, Karakas, Vedat, Zang, Zhizhi, Li, Yi, Divan, Ralu, Liu, Yuzi, Ozatay, Ozhan, Novosad, Valentine, Pearson, John E., and Hoffmann, Axel. Thu . "Magnetic Damping Modulation in IrMn{sub 3}/Ni{sub 80}Fe{sub 20} via the Magnetic Spin Hall Effect.". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.124.087204.
@article{osti_1602425,
title = {Magnetic Damping Modulation in IrMn{sub 3}/Ni{sub 80}Fe{sub 20} via the Magnetic Spin Hall Effect.},
author = {Holanda, Jose and Saglam, Hilal and Karakas, Vedat and Zang, Zhizhi and Li, Yi and Divan, Ralu and Liu, Yuzi and Ozatay, Ozhan and Novosad, Valentine and Pearson, John E. and Hoffmann, Axel},
abstractNote = {Noncollinear antiferromagnets can have additional spin Hall effects due to the net chirality of their magnetic spin structure, which provides for more complex spin-transport phenomena compared to ordinary nonmagnetic materials. Here we investigated how ferromagnetic resonance of permalloy (Ni80Fe20) is modulated by spin Hall effects in adjacent epitaxial IrMn3 films. We observe a large dc modulation of the ferromagnetic resonance linewidth for currents applied along the [001] IrMn3 direction. This very strong angular dependence of spin-orbit torques from dc currents through the bilayers can be explained by the magnetic spin Hall effect where IrMn3 provides novel pathways for modulating magnetization dynamics electrically.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.124.087204},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 8,
volume = 124,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {2}
}

Works referenced in this record:

Antiferromagnetic spintronics
journal, February 2018


Perspectives of antiferromagnetic spintronics
journal, April 2018


Introduction to antiferromagnetic magnons
journal, October 2019

  • Rezende, Sergio M.; Azevedo, Antonio; Rodríguez-Suárez, Roberto L.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 126, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.5109132

Spin transport and spin torque in antiferromagnetic devices
journal, March 2018


Spin Hall Effects in Metallic Antiferromagnets
journal, November 2014


Thermal Generation of Spin Current in an Antiferromagnet
journal, December 2015


Antiferromagnetic Spin Seebeck Effect
journal, March 2016


Spin Seebeck effect in the antiferromagnet nickel oxide at room temperature
journal, October 2017

  • Holanda, J.; Maior, D. S.; Alves Santos, O.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 111, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.5001694

Spin-flop transition in the easy-plane antiferromagnet nickel oxide
journal, March 2017


Electrical switching of an antiferromagnet
journal, January 2016


Independence of spin-orbit torques from the exchange bias direction in N i 81 F e 19 / IrMn bilayers
journal, September 2018


Spin Hall Effect
journal, August 1999


Large anomalous Hall effect in a non-collinear antiferromagnet at room temperature
journal, October 2015

  • Nakatsuji, Satoru; Kiyohara, Naoki; Higo, Tomoya
  • Nature, Vol. 527, Issue 7577
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature15723

Large anomalous Hall effect driven by a nonvanishing Berry curvature in the noncolinear antiferromagnet Mn 3 Ge
journal, April 2016

  • Nayak, Ajaya K.; Fischer, Julia Erika; Sun, Yan
  • Science Advances, Vol. 2, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1501870

Orbital Ferromagnetism and Anomalous Hall Effect in Antiferromagnets on the Distorted fcc Lattice
journal, August 2001


Magnetic and magnetic inverse spin Hall effects in a non-collinear antiferromagnet
journal, January 2019


Electric Manipulation of Spin Relaxation Using the Spin Hall Effect
journal, July 2008


Spin-Torque Ferromagnetic Resonance Induced by the Spin Hall Effect
journal, January 2011


Giant magnetic anisotropy of the bulk antiferromagnets IrMn and IrMn 3 from first principles
journal, January 2009


Giant facet-dependent spin-orbit torque and spin Hall conductivity in the triangular antiferromagnet IrMn 3
journal, September 2016


Anomalous Hall Effect Arising from Noncollinear Antiferromagnetism
journal, January 2014


Symmetry-imposed shape of linear response tensors
journal, October 2015


The antiferromagnetic structures of IrMn3 and their influence on exchange-bias
journal, August 2013

  • Kohn, A.; Kovács, A.; Fan, R.
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 3, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep02412

Classics in Magnetics A Phenomenological Theory of Damping in Ferromagnetic Materials
journal, November 2004


Role of transparency of platinum–ferromagnet interfaces in determining the intrinsic magnitude of the spin Hall effect
journal, April 2015

  • Zhang, Weifeng; Han, Wei; Jiang, Xin
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 11, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys3304

Exchange anisotropy of polycrystalline Mn–Ir∕Co–Fe bilayers enlarged by long-time annealing
journal, June 2004

  • Tsunoda, Masakiyo; Sato, Takashi; Hashimoto, Takahiko
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 84, Issue 25
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1765739

Neutron Diffraction Studies of Various Transition Elements
journal, January 1953


Inverse spin Hall effect of antiferromagnetic MnIr in exchange biased NiFe/MnIr films
journal, July 2015


Self-induced inverse spin Hall effect in permalloy at room temperature
journal, June 2014


Monte Carlo simulations of magnetic ordering in the fcc kagome lattice
journal, September 2012


Current-induced Out-of-plane Spin Accumulation on the (001) Surface of the Ir Mn 3 Antiferromagnet
journal, December 2019


Giant Anisotropy of Gilbert Damping in Epitaxial CoFe Films
journal, March 2019