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Title: Electron drift and longitudinal diffusion in high pressure xenon-helium gas mixtures

Abstract

We report new measurements of the drift velocity and longitudinal diffusion coefficients of electrons in pure xenon gas and in xenon-helium gas mixtures at 1-9 bar and electric field strengths of 50-300 V/cm. In pure xenon we find excellent agreement with world data at all E/P, for both drift velocity and diffusion coefficients. Furthermore, a larger value of the longitudinal diffusion coefficient than theoretical predictions is found at low E/P in pure xenon, below the range of reduced fields usually probed by TPC experiments. A similar effect is observed in xenon-helium gas mixtures at somewhat larger E/P. Drift velocities in xenon-helium mixtures are found to be theoretically well predicted. Although longitudinal diffusion in xenon-helium mixtures is found to be larger than anticipated, extrapolation based on the measured longitudinal diffusion coefficients suggest that the use of helium additives to reduce transverse diffusion in xenon gas remains a promising prospect.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
European Union, Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme; USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP); USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP)
Contributing Org.:
The NEXT Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1591764
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1571813
Report Number(s):
arXiv:1902.05544; FERMILAB-PUB-19-518-ND-SCD
Journal ID: ISSN 1748-0221; 157728
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357; SC0019054; SC0019223; RYC-2015-18820; FIS2014-53371-C04; SEV-2014-0398; MDM-2016-0692; PROMETEO/2016/120; SEJI/2017/011; PTDC/FIS-NUC/2525/2014; UID/FIS/04559/2013; PD/BD/105921/2014; SFRH/BPD/109180/2015; SFRH/BPD/76842/2011
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Instrumentation
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 14; Journal Issue: 08; Journal ID: ISSN 1748-0221
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; 46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; charge transport and multiplication in gas; gaseous imaging and tracking detectors

Citation Formats

McDonald, A. D., Woodruff, K., Atoum, B. Al, González-Díaz, D., Jones, B. J. P., Adams, C., Álvarez, V., Arazi, L., Arnquist, I. J., Azevedo, C. D. R., Bailey, K., Ballester, F., Benlloch-Rodríguez, J. M., Borges, F. I. G. M., Cárcel, S., Carrión, J. V., Cebrián, S., Church, E., Conde, C. A. N., Díaz, G., Díaz, J., Diesburg, M., Escada, J., Esteve, R., Felkai, R., Fernandes, A. F. M., Fernandes, L. M. P., Ferrario, P., Ferreira, A. L., Freitas, E. D. C., Generowicz, J., Goldschmidt, A., Gómez-Cadenas, J. J., Guenette, R., Gutiérrez, R. M., Haefner, J., Hafidi, K., Hauptman, J., Henriques, C. A. O., Morata, J. A. Hernando, Herrero, P., Herrero, V., Johnston, S., Kekic, M., Labarga, L., Laing, A., Lebrun, P., López-March, N., Losada, M., Mano, R. D. P., Martín-Albo, J., Martínez, A., Martínez-Lema, G., Monrabal, F., Monteiro, C. M. B., Mora, F. J., Vidal, J. Muñoz, Novella, P., Nygren, D. R., Palmeiro, B., Para, A., Pérez, J., Querol, M., Renner, J., Repond, J., Riordan, S., Ripoll, L., Garcia, Y. Rodriguez, Rodríguez, J., Rogers, L., Romeo, B., Romo-Luque, C., Santos, F. P., Santos, J. M. F. dos, Simón, A., Sofka, C., Sorel, M., Stiegler, T., Toledo, J. F., Torrent, J., Usón, A., Veloso, J. F. C. A., Webb, R., Weiss-Babai, R., White, J. T., and Yahlali, N. Electron drift and longitudinal diffusion in high pressure xenon-helium gas mixtures. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1088/1748-0221/14/08/P08009.
McDonald, A. D., Woodruff, K., Atoum, B. Al, González-Díaz, D., Jones, B. J. P., Adams, C., Álvarez, V., Arazi, L., Arnquist, I. J., Azevedo, C. D. R., Bailey, K., Ballester, F., Benlloch-Rodríguez, J. M., Borges, F. I. G. M., Cárcel, S., Carrión, J. V., Cebrián, S., Church, E., Conde, C. A. N., Díaz, G., Díaz, J., Diesburg, M., Escada, J., Esteve, R., Felkai, R., Fernandes, A. F. M., Fernandes, L. M. P., Ferrario, P., Ferreira, A. L., Freitas, E. D. C., Generowicz, J., Goldschmidt, A., Gómez-Cadenas, J. J., Guenette, R., Gutiérrez, R. M., Haefner, J., Hafidi, K., Hauptman, J., Henriques, C. A. O., Morata, J. A. Hernando, Herrero, P., Herrero, V., Johnston, S., Kekic, M., Labarga, L., Laing, A., Lebrun, P., López-March, N., Losada, M., Mano, R. D. P., Martín-Albo, J., Martínez, A., Martínez-Lema, G., Monrabal, F., Monteiro, C. M. B., Mora, F. J., Vidal, J. Muñoz, Novella, P., Nygren, D. R., Palmeiro, B., Para, A., Pérez, J., Querol, M., Renner, J., Repond, J., Riordan, S., Ripoll, L., Garcia, Y. Rodriguez, Rodríguez, J., Rogers, L., Romeo, B., Romo-Luque, C., Santos, F. P., Santos, J. M. F. dos, Simón, A., Sofka, C., Sorel, M., Stiegler, T., Toledo, J. F., Torrent, J., Usón, A., Veloso, J. F. C. A., Webb, R., Weiss-Babai, R., White, J. T., & Yahlali, N. Electron drift and longitudinal diffusion in high pressure xenon-helium gas mixtures. United States. doi:10.1088/1748-0221/14/08/P08009.
McDonald, A. D., Woodruff, K., Atoum, B. Al, González-Díaz, D., Jones, B. J. P., Adams, C., Álvarez, V., Arazi, L., Arnquist, I. J., Azevedo, C. D. R., Bailey, K., Ballester, F., Benlloch-Rodríguez, J. M., Borges, F. I. G. M., Cárcel, S., Carrión, J. V., Cebrián, S., Church, E., Conde, C. A. N., Díaz, G., Díaz, J., Diesburg, M., Escada, J., Esteve, R., Felkai, R., Fernandes, A. F. M., Fernandes, L. M. P., Ferrario, P., Ferreira, A. L., Freitas, E. D. C., Generowicz, J., Goldschmidt, A., Gómez-Cadenas, J. J., Guenette, R., Gutiérrez, R. M., Haefner, J., Hafidi, K., Hauptman, J., Henriques, C. A. O., Morata, J. A. Hernando, Herrero, P., Herrero, V., Johnston, S., Kekic, M., Labarga, L., Laing, A., Lebrun, P., López-March, N., Losada, M., Mano, R. D. P., Martín-Albo, J., Martínez, A., Martínez-Lema, G., Monrabal, F., Monteiro, C. M. B., Mora, F. J., Vidal, J. Muñoz, Novella, P., Nygren, D. R., Palmeiro, B., Para, A., Pérez, J., Querol, M., Renner, J., Repond, J., Riordan, S., Ripoll, L., Garcia, Y. Rodriguez, Rodríguez, J., Rogers, L., Romeo, B., Romo-Luque, C., Santos, F. P., Santos, J. M. F. dos, Simón, A., Sofka, C., Sorel, M., Stiegler, T., Toledo, J. F., Torrent, J., Usón, A., Veloso, J. F. C. A., Webb, R., Weiss-Babai, R., White, J. T., and Yahlali, N. Thu . "Electron drift and longitudinal diffusion in high pressure xenon-helium gas mixtures". United States. doi:10.1088/1748-0221/14/08/P08009. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1591764.
@article{osti_1591764,
title = {Electron drift and longitudinal diffusion in high pressure xenon-helium gas mixtures},
author = {McDonald, A. D. and Woodruff, K. and Atoum, B. Al and González-Díaz, D. and Jones, B. J. P. and Adams, C. and Álvarez, V. and Arazi, L. and Arnquist, I. J. and Azevedo, C. D. R. and Bailey, K. and Ballester, F. and Benlloch-Rodríguez, J. M. and Borges, F. I. G. M. and Cárcel, S. and Carrión, J. V. and Cebrián, S. and Church, E. and Conde, C. A. N. and Díaz, G. and Díaz, J. and Diesburg, M. and Escada, J. and Esteve, R. and Felkai, R. and Fernandes, A. F. M. and Fernandes, L. M. P. and Ferrario, P. and Ferreira, A. L. and Freitas, E. D. C. and Generowicz, J. and Goldschmidt, A. and Gómez-Cadenas, J. J. and Guenette, R. and Gutiérrez, R. M. and Haefner, J. and Hafidi, K. and Hauptman, J. and Henriques, C. A. O. and Morata, J. A. Hernando and Herrero, P. and Herrero, V. and Johnston, S. and Kekic, M. and Labarga, L. and Laing, A. and Lebrun, P. and López-March, N. and Losada, M. and Mano, R. D. P. and Martín-Albo, J. and Martínez, A. and Martínez-Lema, G. and Monrabal, F. and Monteiro, C. M. B. and Mora, F. J. and Vidal, J. Muñoz and Novella, P. and Nygren, D. R. and Palmeiro, B. and Para, A. and Pérez, J. and Querol, M. and Renner, J. and Repond, J. and Riordan, S. and Ripoll, L. and Garcia, Y. Rodriguez and Rodríguez, J. and Rogers, L. and Romeo, B. and Romo-Luque, C. and Santos, F. P. and Santos, J. M. F. dos and Simón, A. and Sofka, C. and Sorel, M. and Stiegler, T. and Toledo, J. F. and Torrent, J. and Usón, A. and Veloso, J. F. C. A. and Webb, R. and Weiss-Babai, R. and White, J. T. and Yahlali, N.},
abstractNote = {We report new measurements of the drift velocity and longitudinal diffusion coefficients of electrons in pure xenon gas and in xenon-helium gas mixtures at 1-9 bar and electric field strengths of 50-300 V/cm. In pure xenon we find excellent agreement with world data at all E/P, for both drift velocity and diffusion coefficients. Furthermore, a larger value of the longitudinal diffusion coefficient than theoretical predictions is found at low E/P in pure xenon, below the range of reduced fields usually probed by TPC experiments. A similar effect is observed in xenon-helium gas mixtures at somewhat larger E/P. Drift velocities in xenon-helium mixtures are found to be theoretically well predicted. Although longitudinal diffusion in xenon-helium mixtures is found to be larger than anticipated, extrapolation based on the measured longitudinal diffusion coefficients suggest that the use of helium additives to reduce transverse diffusion in xenon gas remains a promising prospect.},
doi = {10.1088/1748-0221/14/08/P08009},
journal = {Journal of Instrumentation},
issn = {1748-0221},
number = 08,
volume = 14,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {8}
}

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