skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Potassic, High-Silica Hadean Crust.

Abstract

Understanding Hadean(>4 Ga) Earth requires knowledge of its crust. The composition of the crust and volatiles migrating through it directly influence the makeup of the atmosphere, the composition of seawater, and nutrient availability. Despite its importance, there is little known and less agreed upon regarding the nature of the Hadean crust. By analyzing the Sr-87/Sr-86 ratio of apatite inclusions in Archean zircons from Nuvvuagittuq, Canada, we show that its protolith had formed a high (>1) Rb/Sr ratio reservoir by at least 4.2 Ga. This result implies that the early crust had a broad range of igneous rocks, extending from mafic to highly silicic compositions

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
National Aeronautic and Space Administration (NASA); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1571485
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 115; Journal Issue: 25
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
Nuvvuagittuq; early Earth; habitability; hadean; zircons

Citation Formats

Boehnke, Patrick, Bell, Elizabeth A., Stephan, Thomas, Trappitsch, Reto, Keller, C. Brenhin, Pardo, Olivia S., Davis, Andrew M., Harrison, T. Mark, and Pellin, Michael J. Potassic, High-Silica Hadean Crust.. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1073/pnas.1720880115.
Boehnke, Patrick, Bell, Elizabeth A., Stephan, Thomas, Trappitsch, Reto, Keller, C. Brenhin, Pardo, Olivia S., Davis, Andrew M., Harrison, T. Mark, & Pellin, Michael J. Potassic, High-Silica Hadean Crust.. United States. doi:10.1073/pnas.1720880115.
Boehnke, Patrick, Bell, Elizabeth A., Stephan, Thomas, Trappitsch, Reto, Keller, C. Brenhin, Pardo, Olivia S., Davis, Andrew M., Harrison, T. Mark, and Pellin, Michael J. Tue . "Potassic, High-Silica Hadean Crust.". United States. doi:10.1073/pnas.1720880115.
@article{osti_1571485,
title = {Potassic, High-Silica Hadean Crust.},
author = {Boehnke, Patrick and Bell, Elizabeth A. and Stephan, Thomas and Trappitsch, Reto and Keller, C. Brenhin and Pardo, Olivia S. and Davis, Andrew M. and Harrison, T. Mark and Pellin, Michael J.},
abstractNote = {Understanding Hadean(>4 Ga) Earth requires knowledge of its crust. The composition of the crust and volatiles migrating through it directly influence the makeup of the atmosphere, the composition of seawater, and nutrient availability. Despite its importance, there is little known and less agreed upon regarding the nature of the Hadean crust. By analyzing the Sr-87/Sr-86 ratio of apatite inclusions in Archean zircons from Nuvvuagittuq, Canada, we show that its protolith had formed a high (>1) Rb/Sr ratio reservoir by at least 4.2 Ga. This result implies that the early crust had a broad range of igneous rocks, extending from mafic to highly silicic compositions},
doi = {10.1073/pnas.1720880115},
journal = {Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
number = 25,
volume = 115,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {6}
}

Works referenced in this record:

Hadean Zircon Petrochronology
journal, February 2017

  • Harrison, T. Mark; Bell, Elizabeth A.; Boehnke, Patrick
  • Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, Vol. 83, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.2138/rmg.2017.83.11

Potentially biogenic carbon preserved in a 4.1 billion-year-old zircon
journal, October 2015

  • Bell, Elizabeth A.; Boehnke, Patrick; Harrison, T. Mark
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 112, Issue 47
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1517557112

Hadean crustal evolution revisited: New constraints from Pb–Hf isotope systematics of the Jack Hills zircons
journal, July 2010

  • Kemp, A. I. S.; Wilde, S. A.; Hawkesworth, C. J.
  • Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Vol. 296, Issue 1-2
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.epsl.2010.04.043

Widespread mixing and burial of Earth’s Hadean crust by asteroid impacts
journal, July 2014

  • Marchi, S.; Bottke, W. F.; Elkins-Tanton, L. T.
  • Nature, Vol. 511, Issue 7511
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature13539

Illusory Late Heavy Bombardments
journal, September 2016

  • Boehnke, Patrick; Harrison, T. Mark
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 113, Issue 39
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1611535113

Initiation and Evolution of Plate Tectonics on Earth: Theories and Observations
journal, May 2013


Evolution of Bishop Tuff Rhyolitic Magma Based on Melt and Magnetite Inclusions and Zoned Phenocrysts
journal, March 2000


Trace element partitioning between apatite and silicate melts
journal, September 2006


Heterogeneity of initial 87 Sr/ 86 Sr ratios within a single pluton: evidence from apatite strontium isotopic study
journal, September 2003


Metamorphic replacement of mineral inclusions in detrital zircon from Jack Hills, Australia: Implications for the Hadean Earth
journal, December 2011

  • Rasmussen, Birger; Fletcher, Ian R.; Muhling, Janet R.
  • Geology, Vol. 39, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1130/G32554.1

Protoliths of enigmatic Archaean gneisses established from zircon inclusion studies: Case study of the Caozhuang quartzite, E. Hebei, China
journal, July 2014


Distinguishing primary and secondary inclusion assemblages in Jack Hills zircons
journal, October 2015


Preserved initial in apatite from altered felsic igneous rocks: A case study from the Middle Proterozoic of South Australia
journal, July 1992


A study of strontium diffusion in apatite using Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy and ion implantation
journal, October 1993


CHILI – the Chicago Instrument for Laser Ionization – a new tool for isotope measurements in cosmochemistry
journal, August 2016

  • Stephan, Thomas; Trappitsch, Reto; Davis, Andrew M.
  • International Journal of Mass Spectrometry, Vol. 407
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.ijms.2016.06.001

Reduced, reused and recycled: Detrital zircons define a maximum age for the Eoarchean (ca. 3750–3780Ma) Nuvvuagittuq Supracrustal Belt, Québec (Canada)
journal, January 2013

  • Cates, Nicole L.; Ziegler, Karen; Schmitt, Axel K.
  • Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Vol. 362
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.epsl.2012.11.054

Neodymium-142 Evidence for Hadean Mafic Crust
journal, September 2008


Pre-3750 Ma supracrustal rocks from the Nuvvuagittuq supracrustal belt, northern Québec
journal, March 2007


Half a billion years of reworking of Hadean mafic crust to produce the Nuvvuagittuq Eoarchean felsic crust
journal, October 2013

  • OʼNeil, Jonathan; Boyet, Maud; Carlson, Richard W.
  • Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Vol. 379
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.epsl.2013.07.030

A Shorter 146Sm Half-Life Measured and Implications for 146Sm-142Nd Chronology in the Solar System
journal, March 2012


Building Archean cratons from Hadean mafic crust
journal, March 2017


Eoarchean to Neoarchean evolution of the Nuvvuagittuq Supracrustal belt: New insights from U-Pb zircon geochronology
journal, November 2013

  • Darling, J. R.; Moser, D. E.; Heaman, L. M.
  • American Journal of Science, Vol. 313, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.2475/09.2013.02

The control of alkalies and uranium in seawater by ocean crust alteration
journal, April 1982


The origin of KREEP
journal, January 1979


Zircon megacrysts from kimberlite: oxygen isotope variability among mantle melts
journal, October 1998

  • Valley, John W.; Kinny, Peter D.; Schulze, Daniel J.
  • Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, Vol. 133, Issue 1-2
  • DOI: 10.1007/s004100050432

Modelling the petrogenesis of high Rb/Sr silicic magmas
journal, September 1991


Heterogeneous Hadean Hafnium: Evidence of Continental Crust at 4.4 to 4.5 Ga
journal, December 2005


Origin of first cells at terrestrial, anoxic geothermal fields
journal, February 2012

  • Mulkidjanian, A. Y.; Bychkov, A. Y.; Dibrova, D. V.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 109, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1117774109

Thermal evolution and slip history of the Renbu Zedong Thrust, southeastern Tibet
journal, February 1997

  • Quidelleur, Xavier; Grove, Marty; Lovera, Oscar M.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, Vol. 102, Issue B2
  • DOI: 10.1029/96JB02483

Constraints on Hadean zircon protoliths from oxygen isotopes, Ti-thermometry, and rare earth elements: ZIRCON OXYGEN ISOTOPE RATIOS
journal, June 2007

  • Trail, Dustin; Mojzsis, Stephen J.; Harrison, T. Mark
  • Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, Vol. 8, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1029/2006GC001449

Correlated Strontium and Barium Isotopic Compositions of Acid-Cleaned Single Mainstream Silicon Carbides from Murchison
journal, April 2015


Sr and Nd isotopic compositions of apatite reference materials used in U–Th–Pb geochronology
journal, October 2014


Mineral-Melt Partitioning of Uranium, Thorium and Their Daughters
journal, January 2003

  • Blundy, J.
  • Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, Vol. 52, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.2113/0520059

Volcanic–plutonic parity and the differentiation of the continental crust
journal, July 2015

  • Keller, C. Brenhin; Schoene, Blair; Barboni, Melanie
  • Nature, Vol. 523, Issue 7560
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature14584

Geology and geochronology of the Spirit Mountain batholith, southern Nevada: Implications for timescales and physical processes of batholith construction
journal, November 2007