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Title: Gyrokinetic simulation of global and local Alfvén eigenmodes driven by energetic particles in a DIII-D discharge

Abstract

The unstable spectrum of Alfvén eigenmodes (AEs) driven by neutral beam-sourced energetic particles (EPs) in a benchmark DIII-D discharge (142111) is calculated in a fully gyrokinetic model using the GYRO code's massively parallel linear eigenvalue solver. One cycle of the slow (equilibrium scale) frequency sweep of the reverse shear Alfvén eigenmode (RSAE) at toroidal mode number n=3 is mapped. The RSAE second harmonic and an unstable beta-induced Alfvén eigenmode (BAE) are simultaneously tracked alongside the primary RSAE. An observed twist in the eigenmode pattern, caused mostly by shear in the driving EP profile, is shown through artificially varying the E×B rotational velocity shear to depend generally on shear in the local wave phase velocity. Coupling to the BAE and to the toroidal Alfvén eigenmode limit the RSAE frequency sweeps at the lower and upper end, respectively. While the present fully gyrokinetic model (including thermal ions and electrons) constitutes the best treatment of compressibility physics available, the BAE frequency is overpredicted by about 20% against experiment here and is found to be sensitive to energetic beam ion pressure. The RSAE frequency is more accurately matched except when it is limited by the BAE. Simulations suggest that the experiment is very closemore » to marginal AE stability at points of RSAE-BAE coupling. A recipe for comparing the radial profile of quasilinear transport flux from local modes to that from global modes paves the way for the development of a stiff (critical gradient) local AE transport model based on local mode stability thresholds.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. Univ. of California, San Diego, CA (United States)
  2. General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1564997
Grant/Contract Number:  
FC02-08ER54977
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 20; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; Physics

Citation Formats

Bass, E. M., and Waltz, R. E. Gyrokinetic simulation of global and local Alfvén eigenmodes driven by energetic particles in a DIII-D discharge. United States: N. p., 2013. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4773177.
Bass, E. M., & Waltz, R. E. Gyrokinetic simulation of global and local Alfvén eigenmodes driven by energetic particles in a DIII-D discharge. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4773177.
Bass, E. M., and Waltz, R. E. Wed . "Gyrokinetic simulation of global and local Alfvén eigenmodes driven by energetic particles in a DIII-D discharge". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4773177. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1564997.
@article{osti_1564997,
title = {Gyrokinetic simulation of global and local Alfvén eigenmodes driven by energetic particles in a DIII-D discharge},
author = {Bass, E. M. and Waltz, R. E.},
abstractNote = {The unstable spectrum of Alfvén eigenmodes (AEs) driven by neutral beam-sourced energetic particles (EPs) in a benchmark DIII-D discharge (142111) is calculated in a fully gyrokinetic model using the GYRO code's massively parallel linear eigenvalue solver. One cycle of the slow (equilibrium scale) frequency sweep of the reverse shear Alfvén eigenmode (RSAE) at toroidal mode number n=3 is mapped. The RSAE second harmonic and an unstable beta-induced Alfvén eigenmode (BAE) are simultaneously tracked alongside the primary RSAE. An observed twist in the eigenmode pattern, caused mostly by shear in the driving EP profile, is shown through artificially varying the E×B rotational velocity shear to depend generally on shear in the local wave phase velocity. Coupling to the BAE and to the toroidal Alfvén eigenmode limit the RSAE frequency sweeps at the lower and upper end, respectively. While the present fully gyrokinetic model (including thermal ions and electrons) constitutes the best treatment of compressibility physics available, the BAE frequency is overpredicted by about 20% against experiment here and is found to be sensitive to energetic beam ion pressure. The RSAE frequency is more accurately matched except when it is limited by the BAE. Simulations suggest that the experiment is very close to marginal AE stability at points of RSAE-BAE coupling. A recipe for comparing the radial profile of quasilinear transport flux from local modes to that from global modes paves the way for the development of a stiff (critical gradient) local AE transport model based on local mode stability thresholds.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4773177},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
issn = {1070-664X},
number = 1,
volume = 20,
place = {United States},
year = {2013},
month = {1}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 19 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

TABLE I TABLE I: Local equilibrium parameters at the $q$min (ρ = 0.34) surface. R is the torus major radius, r the local minor radius, cs the sound speed, Ωi the ion cyclotron frequency, a the plasma minor radius, βk the ratio of plasma pressure to magnetic pressure for species k. Allmore » other symbols as defined below. See Ref. 41 for description of shaping parameters δ, κ, and ζ.« less

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