skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Coupled Calculations of the NuScale FIV Tests – Pre-test Simulations and Sensitivity Analysis

Abstract

The NEAMS program aims to develop an integrated multi-physics simulation capability “pellet-to-plant” for the design and analysis of future generations of nuclear power plants. In particular, the Reactor Product Line code suite's multi-resolution hierarchy is being designed to ultimately span the full range of length and time scales present in relevant reactor design and safety analyses, as well as scale from desktop to petaflop computing platforms. Flow-induced vibration (FIV) is widespread problem in energy systems because they rely on fluid movement for energy conversion. Vibrating structures may be damaged as fatigue or wear occurs. Given the importance of reliable components in the nuclear industry, flow-induced vibration has long been a major concern in safety and operation of nuclear reactors. In particular, nuclear fuel rods and steam generators have been known to suffer from flow-induced vibration and related failures. Advanced reactors, such as integral Pressurized Water Reactors (PWRs) considered for Small Modular Reactors (SMR), often rely on innovative component designs to meet cost and safety targets. One component that is the subject of advanced designs is the steam generator, some designs of which forego the usual shell-and-tube architecture in order to fit within the primary vessel. A significant amount of datamore » exists on flow-induced vibration in shell-and-tube heat exchangers, and heuristic methods are available to predict FIV based on a set of given assumptions. In contrast, advanced designs have far less data available. Advanced modeling and simulation based on coupled structural and fluid simulations have the potential to predict flow-induced vibration in a variety of designs, reducing the need for expensive experimental programs, especially at the conceptual design stage. Over the past several years, the Reactor Product Line has developed a FIV capability in SHARP. SHARP contains high-fidelity single-physics codes Diablo for structural mechanics and Nek5000 for fluid mechanics calculations. Both codes are state-of-the-art, highly scalable tools that have been extensively validated. In previous reports we have discussed the implementation and validation of an FIV capability for helical steam generators and fuel assemblies. In this report we discuss one-way coupled calculations performed with Nek5000 and Diablo for the NuScale FIV tests. In the turbulent fretting regime one-way coupling is judged to be sufficient because the pressure loads do not cause substantial displacements. It is also the most common source of vibration in helical steam generators per the low flows expected in integral PWRs. The simulations precede the tests, as experimental data was not available at the delivery of this report. Several assumptions had to be made on the support-tube interaction and multiple tests and sensitivity analysis have been performed. Additional work remains to be done and it is discussed in the future work section.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1561528
Report Number(s):
ANL/NSE-19/12
154497
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Merzari, E., Yuan, H., Solberg, J., Flowers, D., and Ferencz, R. Coupled Calculations of the NuScale FIV Tests – Pre-test Simulations and Sensitivity Analysis. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.2172/1561528.
Merzari, E., Yuan, H., Solberg, J., Flowers, D., & Ferencz, R. Coupled Calculations of the NuScale FIV Tests – Pre-test Simulations and Sensitivity Analysis. United States. doi:10.2172/1561528.
Merzari, E., Yuan, H., Solberg, J., Flowers, D., and Ferencz, R. Mon . "Coupled Calculations of the NuScale FIV Tests – Pre-test Simulations and Sensitivity Analysis". United States. doi:10.2172/1561528. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1561528.
@article{osti_1561528,
title = {Coupled Calculations of the NuScale FIV Tests – Pre-test Simulations and Sensitivity Analysis},
author = {Merzari, E. and Yuan, H. and Solberg, J. and Flowers, D. and Ferencz, R.},
abstractNote = {The NEAMS program aims to develop an integrated multi-physics simulation capability “pellet-to-plant” for the design and analysis of future generations of nuclear power plants. In particular, the Reactor Product Line code suite's multi-resolution hierarchy is being designed to ultimately span the full range of length and time scales present in relevant reactor design and safety analyses, as well as scale from desktop to petaflop computing platforms. Flow-induced vibration (FIV) is widespread problem in energy systems because they rely on fluid movement for energy conversion. Vibrating structures may be damaged as fatigue or wear occurs. Given the importance of reliable components in the nuclear industry, flow-induced vibration has long been a major concern in safety and operation of nuclear reactors. In particular, nuclear fuel rods and steam generators have been known to suffer from flow-induced vibration and related failures. Advanced reactors, such as integral Pressurized Water Reactors (PWRs) considered for Small Modular Reactors (SMR), often rely on innovative component designs to meet cost and safety targets. One component that is the subject of advanced designs is the steam generator, some designs of which forego the usual shell-and-tube architecture in order to fit within the primary vessel. A significant amount of data exists on flow-induced vibration in shell-and-tube heat exchangers, and heuristic methods are available to predict FIV based on a set of given assumptions. In contrast, advanced designs have far less data available. Advanced modeling and simulation based on coupled structural and fluid simulations have the potential to predict flow-induced vibration in a variety of designs, reducing the need for expensive experimental programs, especially at the conceptual design stage. Over the past several years, the Reactor Product Line has developed a FIV capability in SHARP. SHARP contains high-fidelity single-physics codes Diablo for structural mechanics and Nek5000 for fluid mechanics calculations. Both codes are state-of-the-art, highly scalable tools that have been extensively validated. In previous reports we have discussed the implementation and validation of an FIV capability for helical steam generators and fuel assemblies. In this report we discuss one-way coupled calculations performed with Nek5000 and Diablo for the NuScale FIV tests. In the turbulent fretting regime one-way coupling is judged to be sufficient because the pressure loads do not cause substantial displacements. It is also the most common source of vibration in helical steam generators per the low flows expected in integral PWRs. The simulations precede the tests, as experimental data was not available at the delivery of this report. Several assumptions had to be made on the support-tube interaction and multiple tests and sensitivity analysis have been performed. Additional work remains to be done and it is discussed in the future work section.},
doi = {10.2172/1561528},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {9}
}

Technical Report:

Save / Share: