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Title: Effects of Postmortem Decomposition on Face Recognition

Conference ·

Although viable tools are available for the identification of unknown deceased individuals, recognition rates with these methods are greatly impacted by the degree to which decomposition has occurred. Therefore, identifying highly decomposed remains poses a major challenge. This paper analyzes the effect of facial decomposition on the recognition rates of several facial recognition commercial-off-theshelf systems and research-grade systems, as well as algorithms contained in a custom recognition library. The custom dataset of facial images used in the experiment is composed of 42 subjects at stages of decomposition rangingfrom recently deceased to later stages where the soft tissues are severely decomposed and facial features are deformed. It is shown that an algorithm’s ability to correctly detect a decomposing face is a crucial first step that not all face models can accurately handle. However, some of the evaluated Convolution Neural Network (CNN)–inspired methods provide promising results even in cases of severely decomposed faces.

Research Organization:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Organization:
USDOE
DOE Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
OSTI ID:
1559672
Resource Relation:
Conference: IEEE International Conference on Biometrics: Theory, Applications and Systems (BTAS 2019) - Tampa, Florida, United States of America - 9/23/2019 8:00:00 AM-9/26/2019 8:00:00 AM
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

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