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Title: Waste Inspection Tomography (WIT)

Abstract

Waste Inspection Tomography (WIT) provides mobile semi-trailer mounted nondestructive examination (NDE) and assay (NDA) for nuclear waste drum characterization. WIT uses various computed tomography (CT) methods for both NDE and NDA of nuclear waste drums. Low level waste (LLW), transuranic (TRU), and mixed radioactive waste can be inspected and characterized without opening the drums. With externally transmitted x-ray NDE techniques, WIT has the ability to identify high density waste materials like heavy metals, define drum contents in two- and three-dimensional space, quantify free liquid volumes through density and x-ray attenuation coefficient discrimination, and measure drum wall thickness. With waste emitting gamma-ray NDA techniques, WIT can locate gamma emitting radioactive sources in two- and three-dimensional space, identify gamma emitting isotopic species, identify the external activity levels of emitting gamma-ray sources, correct for waste matrix attenuation, provide internal activity approximations, and provide the data needed for waste classification as LLW or TRU. The mobile feature of WIT allows inspection technologies to be brought to the nuclear waste drum storage site without the need to relocate drums for safe, rapid, and cost-effective characterization of regulated nuclear waste. The combination of these WIT characterization modalities provides the inspector with an unprecedented ability to non-invasivelymore » characterize the regulated contents of waste drums as large as 110 gallons, weighing up to 1,600 pounds. Any objects that fit within these size and weight restrictions can also be inspected on WIT, such as smaller waste bags and drums that are five and thirty-five gallons.« less

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Bio-Imaging Research, Inc., Lincolnshire, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
155180
Report Number(s):
DOE/MC/30173-96/CO584; CONF-9510108-9
ON: DE96003455; TRN: 96:001681
DOE Contract Number:  
AC21-93MC30173
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Environmental technology development through industry partnership, Morgantown, WV (United States), 3-5 Oct 1995; Other Information: PBD: 1995
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
05 NUCLEAR FUELS; 44 INSTRUMENTATION, INCLUDING NUCLEAR AND PARTICLE DETECTORS; LOW-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES; QUALITATIVE CHEMICAL ANALYSIS; RADIOACTIVE WASTE MANAGEMENT; ALPHA-BEARING WASTES; CONTAINERS; INSPECTION; COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY; NONRADIOACTIVE WASTES

Citation Formats

Bernardi, R T. Waste Inspection Tomography (WIT). United States: N. p., 1995. Web.
Bernardi, R T. Waste Inspection Tomography (WIT). United States.
Bernardi, R T. Fri . "Waste Inspection Tomography (WIT)". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/155180.
@article{osti_155180,
title = {Waste Inspection Tomography (WIT)},
author = {Bernardi, R T},
abstractNote = {Waste Inspection Tomography (WIT) provides mobile semi-trailer mounted nondestructive examination (NDE) and assay (NDA) for nuclear waste drum characterization. WIT uses various computed tomography (CT) methods for both NDE and NDA of nuclear waste drums. Low level waste (LLW), transuranic (TRU), and mixed radioactive waste can be inspected and characterized without opening the drums. With externally transmitted x-ray NDE techniques, WIT has the ability to identify high density waste materials like heavy metals, define drum contents in two- and three-dimensional space, quantify free liquid volumes through density and x-ray attenuation coefficient discrimination, and measure drum wall thickness. With waste emitting gamma-ray NDA techniques, WIT can locate gamma emitting radioactive sources in two- and three-dimensional space, identify gamma emitting isotopic species, identify the external activity levels of emitting gamma-ray sources, correct for waste matrix attenuation, provide internal activity approximations, and provide the data needed for waste classification as LLW or TRU. The mobile feature of WIT allows inspection technologies to be brought to the nuclear waste drum storage site without the need to relocate drums for safe, rapid, and cost-effective characterization of regulated nuclear waste. The combination of these WIT characterization modalities provides the inspector with an unprecedented ability to non-invasively characterize the regulated contents of waste drums as large as 110 gallons, weighing up to 1,600 pounds. Any objects that fit within these size and weight restrictions can also be inspected on WIT, such as smaller waste bags and drums that are five and thirty-five gallons.},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/155180}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1995},
month = {12}
}

Conference:
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