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Title: Three-dimensional mesostructures as high-temperature growth templates, electronic cellular scaffolds, and self-propelled microrobots

Abstract

Recent work demonstrates that processes of stress release in prestrained elastomeric substrates can guide the assembly of sophisticated 3D micro/nanostructures in advanced materials. Reported application examples include soft electronic components, tunable electromagnetic and optical devices, vibrational metrology platforms, and other unusual technologies, each enabled by uniquely engineered 3D architectures. A vast disadvantage of these systems is that the elastomeric substrates, while essential to the assembly process, can impose significant engineering constraints in terms of operating temperatures and levels of dimensional stability; they also prevent the realization of 3D structures in freestanding forms. In this work, we introduce concepts in interfacial photopolymerization, nonlinear mechanics, and physical transfer that bypass these limitations. The results enable 3D mesostructures in fully or partially freestanding forms, with additional capabilities in integration onto nearly any class of substrate, from planar, hard inorganic materials to textured, soft biological tissues, all via mechanisms quantitatively described by theoretical modeling. Illustrations of these ideas include their use in 3D structures as frameworks for templated growth of organized lamellae from AgCl–KCl eutectics and of atomic layers of WSe 2from vapor-phase precursors, as open-architecture electronic scaffolds for formation of dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neural networks, and as catalyst supports for propulsive systemsmore » in 3D microswimmers with geometrically controlled dynamics. Taken together, these methodologies establish a set of enabling options in 3D micro/nanomanufacturing that lie outside of the scope of existing alternatives.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [4];  [6];  [4];  [7];  [8];  [4];  [4];  [8];  [6];  [4];  [4];  [7];  [4];  [4];  [4] more »;  [4];  [4];  [4];  [9];  [4];  [4];  [4];  [7];  [7];  [6];  [4];  [10];  [4];  [4];  [11];  [4];  [5];  [8];  [5] « less
  1. Univ. of Missouri, Columbia, MO (United States)
  2. Univ. of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL (United States); Peking Univ., Beijing (China)
  3. Tsinghua Univ., Beijing (China); Nanjing Univ. (China)
  4. Univ. of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL (United States)
  5. Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States)
  6. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
  7. Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States)
  8. Tsinghua Univ., Beijing (China)
  9. Yonsei Univ., Seoul (Korea)
  10. Beijing Inst. of Technology (China)
  11. Peking Univ., Beijing (China)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES); National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC); National Basic Research Program of China; Tsinghua National Laboratory for Information Science and Technology; US Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR); National Institute on Drug Abuse; National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1547358
Grant/Contract Number:  
FG02-07ER46471
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 114; Journal Issue: 45; Journal ID: ISSN 0027-8424
Publisher:
National Academy of Sciences
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; three-dimensional printing; three-dimensional microstructures; eutectics; two-dimensional materials; electronic cellular scaffolds

Citation Formats

Yan, Zheng, Han, Mengdi, Shi, Yan, Badea, Adina, Yang, Yiyuan, Kulkarni, Ashish, Hanson, Erik, Kandel, Mikhail E., Wen, Xiewen, Zhang, Fan, Luo, Yiyue, Lin, Qing, Zhang, Hang, Guo, Xiaogang, Huang, Yuming, Nan, Kewang, Jia, Shuai, Oraham, Aaron W., Mevis, Molly B., Lim, Jaeman, Guo, Xuelin, Gao, Mingye, Ryu, Woomi, Yu, Ki Jun, Nicolau, Bruno G., Petronico, Aaron, Rubakhin, Stanislav S., Lou, Jun, Ajayan, Pulickel M., Thornton, Katsuyo, Popescu, Gabriel, Fang, Daining, Sweedler, Jonathan V., Braun, Paul V., Zhang, Haixia, Nuzzo, Ralph G., Huang, Yonggang, Zhang, Yihui, and Rogers, John A. Three-dimensional mesostructures as high-temperature growth templates, electronic cellular scaffolds, and self-propelled microrobots. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1073/pnas.1713805114.
Yan, Zheng, Han, Mengdi, Shi, Yan, Badea, Adina, Yang, Yiyuan, Kulkarni, Ashish, Hanson, Erik, Kandel, Mikhail E., Wen, Xiewen, Zhang, Fan, Luo, Yiyue, Lin, Qing, Zhang, Hang, Guo, Xiaogang, Huang, Yuming, Nan, Kewang, Jia, Shuai, Oraham, Aaron W., Mevis, Molly B., Lim, Jaeman, Guo, Xuelin, Gao, Mingye, Ryu, Woomi, Yu, Ki Jun, Nicolau, Bruno G., Petronico, Aaron, Rubakhin, Stanislav S., Lou, Jun, Ajayan, Pulickel M., Thornton, Katsuyo, Popescu, Gabriel, Fang, Daining, Sweedler, Jonathan V., Braun, Paul V., Zhang, Haixia, Nuzzo, Ralph G., Huang, Yonggang, Zhang, Yihui, & Rogers, John A. Three-dimensional mesostructures as high-temperature growth templates, electronic cellular scaffolds, and self-propelled microrobots. United States. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1713805114
Yan, Zheng, Han, Mengdi, Shi, Yan, Badea, Adina, Yang, Yiyuan, Kulkarni, Ashish, Hanson, Erik, Kandel, Mikhail E., Wen, Xiewen, Zhang, Fan, Luo, Yiyue, Lin, Qing, Zhang, Hang, Guo, Xiaogang, Huang, Yuming, Nan, Kewang, Jia, Shuai, Oraham, Aaron W., Mevis, Molly B., Lim, Jaeman, Guo, Xuelin, Gao, Mingye, Ryu, Woomi, Yu, Ki Jun, Nicolau, Bruno G., Petronico, Aaron, Rubakhin, Stanislav S., Lou, Jun, Ajayan, Pulickel M., Thornton, Katsuyo, Popescu, Gabriel, Fang, Daining, Sweedler, Jonathan V., Braun, Paul V., Zhang, Haixia, Nuzzo, Ralph G., Huang, Yonggang, Zhang, Yihui, and Rogers, John A. Wed . "Three-dimensional mesostructures as high-temperature growth templates, electronic cellular scaffolds, and self-propelled microrobots". United States. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1713805114. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1547358.
@article{osti_1547358,
title = {Three-dimensional mesostructures as high-temperature growth templates, electronic cellular scaffolds, and self-propelled microrobots},
author = {Yan, Zheng and Han, Mengdi and Shi, Yan and Badea, Adina and Yang, Yiyuan and Kulkarni, Ashish and Hanson, Erik and Kandel, Mikhail E. and Wen, Xiewen and Zhang, Fan and Luo, Yiyue and Lin, Qing and Zhang, Hang and Guo, Xiaogang and Huang, Yuming and Nan, Kewang and Jia, Shuai and Oraham, Aaron W. and Mevis, Molly B. and Lim, Jaeman and Guo, Xuelin and Gao, Mingye and Ryu, Woomi and Yu, Ki Jun and Nicolau, Bruno G. and Petronico, Aaron and Rubakhin, Stanislav S. and Lou, Jun and Ajayan, Pulickel M. and Thornton, Katsuyo and Popescu, Gabriel and Fang, Daining and Sweedler, Jonathan V. and Braun, Paul V. and Zhang, Haixia and Nuzzo, Ralph G. and Huang, Yonggang and Zhang, Yihui and Rogers, John A.},
abstractNote = {Recent work demonstrates that processes of stress release in prestrained elastomeric substrates can guide the assembly of sophisticated 3D micro/nanostructures in advanced materials. Reported application examples include soft electronic components, tunable electromagnetic and optical devices, vibrational metrology platforms, and other unusual technologies, each enabled by uniquely engineered 3D architectures. A vast disadvantage of these systems is that the elastomeric substrates, while essential to the assembly process, can impose significant engineering constraints in terms of operating temperatures and levels of dimensional stability; they also prevent the realization of 3D structures in freestanding forms. In this work, we introduce concepts in interfacial photopolymerization, nonlinear mechanics, and physical transfer that bypass these limitations. The results enable 3D mesostructures in fully or partially freestanding forms, with additional capabilities in integration onto nearly any class of substrate, from planar, hard inorganic materials to textured, soft biological tissues, all via mechanisms quantitatively described by theoretical modeling. Illustrations of these ideas include their use in 3D structures as frameworks for templated growth of organized lamellae from AgCl–KCl eutectics and of atomic layers of WSe2from vapor-phase precursors, as open-architecture electronic scaffolds for formation of dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neural networks, and as catalyst supports for propulsive systems in 3D microswimmers with geometrically controlled dynamics. Taken together, these methodologies establish a set of enabling options in 3D micro/nanomanufacturing that lie outside of the scope of existing alternatives.},
doi = {10.1073/pnas.1713805114},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1547358}, journal = {Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
issn = {0027-8424},
number = 45,
volume = 114,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {10}
}

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    Micro/Nanoscale 3D Assembly by Rolling, Folding, Curving, and Buckling Approaches
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    Graphene Hybrid Structures for Integrated and Flexible Optoelectronics
    journal, July 2019


    A Photochemical Approach toward High‐Fidelity Programmable Transfer Printing
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    Manufacturing of 3D multifunctional microelectronic devices: challenges and opportunities
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    Buckling and twisting of advanced materials into morphable 3D mesostructures
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    journal, May 2019


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