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Title: Reduced energetic particle transport models enable comprehensive time-dependent tokamak simulations

Abstract

Time-dependent integrated simulations through codes such as TRANSP are becoming an indispensable tool for the interpretation of existing experiments and predictions of optimized scenarios. For many practical cases, quantitative simulations need to include the effect of plasma instabilities on the evolution of a tokamak discharge. An example is the degradation in energetic particle (EP) confinement induced by instabilities, which in turn affects important source terms for heating, non-inductive current, and momentum in a simulation. The reduced-physics "kick model" provides phase-space resolved transport probability matrices to TRANSP that are used to account for enhanced EP transport by instabilities in addition to neoclassical transport. The model has recovered the measured Alfvén eigenmode (AE) spectrum on NSTX, NSTX-U and DIII-D, and has reproduced details of phase-space resolved fast ion diagnostic data measured on DIII-D for EP-driven modes and tearing modes. In general, the kick model has proven the potential of phase-space resolved EP simulations to unravel details of EP transport for detailed theory/experiment comparison and for scenario planning based on optimization of Neutral Beam (NB) injection parameters. In this work, the extension of the kick model to low-frequency instabilities such as Tearing Modes and fishbones, in addition to AEs, is assessed. The goalmore » is to enable TRANSP simulations that retain the main effects of multiple types of instabilities through a common framework. Results from the NSTX/NSTX-U and DIII-D tokamaks show that the extension to "multi-mode" scenarios can expand the range of applicability of the model for more reliable, quantitative integrated simulations.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [2];  [1]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [1]
  1. Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States); Princeton Univ., NJ (United States)
  2. General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
  3. Univ. of California, Irvine, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1543445
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-09CH11466; FC02-04ER54698
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Fusion
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 59; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 0029-5515
Publisher:
IOP Science
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

Podesta, Mario, Bardoczi, Laszlo, Collins, Cami, Gorelenkov, Nikolai N., Heidbrink, William W., Duarte, Vinicius N., Kramer, Gerrit J., Fredrickson, Eric D., Gorelenkova, Marina, Kim, Doohyun, Liu, Deyong, Poli, Francesca M., Van Zeeland, Michael A., and White, Roscoe B. Reduced energetic particle transport models enable comprehensive time-dependent tokamak simulations. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1088/1741-4326/ab3112.
Podesta, Mario, Bardoczi, Laszlo, Collins, Cami, Gorelenkov, Nikolai N., Heidbrink, William W., Duarte, Vinicius N., Kramer, Gerrit J., Fredrickson, Eric D., Gorelenkova, Marina, Kim, Doohyun, Liu, Deyong, Poli, Francesca M., Van Zeeland, Michael A., & White, Roscoe B. Reduced energetic particle transport models enable comprehensive time-dependent tokamak simulations. United States. doi:10.1088/1741-4326/ab3112.
Podesta, Mario, Bardoczi, Laszlo, Collins, Cami, Gorelenkov, Nikolai N., Heidbrink, William W., Duarte, Vinicius N., Kramer, Gerrit J., Fredrickson, Eric D., Gorelenkova, Marina, Kim, Doohyun, Liu, Deyong, Poli, Francesca M., Van Zeeland, Michael A., and White, Roscoe B. Thu . "Reduced energetic particle transport models enable comprehensive time-dependent tokamak simulations". United States. doi:10.1088/1741-4326/ab3112. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1543445.
@article{osti_1543445,
title = {Reduced energetic particle transport models enable comprehensive time-dependent tokamak simulations},
author = {Podesta, Mario and Bardoczi, Laszlo and Collins, Cami and Gorelenkov, Nikolai N. and Heidbrink, William W. and Duarte, Vinicius N. and Kramer, Gerrit J. and Fredrickson, Eric D. and Gorelenkova, Marina and Kim, Doohyun and Liu, Deyong and Poli, Francesca M. and Van Zeeland, Michael A. and White, Roscoe B.},
abstractNote = {Time-dependent integrated simulations through codes such as TRANSP are becoming an indispensable tool for the interpretation of existing experiments and predictions of optimized scenarios. For many practical cases, quantitative simulations need to include the effect of plasma instabilities on the evolution of a tokamak discharge. An example is the degradation in energetic particle (EP) confinement induced by instabilities, which in turn affects important source terms for heating, non-inductive current, and momentum in a simulation. The reduced-physics "kick model" provides phase-space resolved transport probability matrices to TRANSP that are used to account for enhanced EP transport by instabilities in addition to neoclassical transport. The model has recovered the measured Alfvén eigenmode (AE) spectrum on NSTX, NSTX-U and DIII-D, and has reproduced details of phase-space resolved fast ion diagnostic data measured on DIII-D for EP-driven modes and tearing modes. In general, the kick model has proven the potential of phase-space resolved EP simulations to unravel details of EP transport for detailed theory/experiment comparison and for scenario planning based on optimization of Neutral Beam (NB) injection parameters. In this work, the extension of the kick model to low-frequency instabilities such as Tearing Modes and fishbones, in addition to AEs, is assessed. The goal is to enable TRANSP simulations that retain the main effects of multiple types of instabilities through a common framework. Results from the NSTX/NSTX-U and DIII-D tokamaks show that the extension to "multi-mode" scenarios can expand the range of applicability of the model for more reliable, quantitative integrated simulations.},
doi = {10.1088/1741-4326/ab3112},
journal = {Nuclear Fusion},
issn = {0029-5515},
number = 10,
volume = 59,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {7}
}

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