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Title: Single-shot, multi-signature remote detection of uranium by filament-induced breakdown spectroscopy

Abstract

Filament-induced breakdown spectroscopy (FIBS) is an attractive remote detection approach that is potentially applicable to nuclear materials, such as uranium (U). Simultaneous detection of atomic U and uranium monoxide features is demonstrated in a single laser shot with detection probabilities of 52.2% and 39.0%, respectively, and with a 1% false-alarm probability. It is shown that a nearly 100% detection probability can be reached with 1% false alarm probability in .1 second when using an 80-Hz laser and data acquisition system. Atomic U and UO signal features are identifiable in the remote measurement with comparable signal-to-background ratios, suggesting that, despite being broader than the U I emission line, the UO band is also suitable for remote detection of uranium by FIBS.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [1]; ORCiD logo [3];  [1]
  1. University of Michigan
  2. UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
  3. BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1543323
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-142815
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Optics Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 44; Journal Issue: 11
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
(020.3260) Isotope shifts, (140.3440) Laser-induced breakdown, (280.4788) Optical Sensing, (280.5395) Plasma Diagnostics, (300.2140) Emission Spectroscopy

Citation Formats

Finney, Lauren A., Skrodzki, Patrick J., Burger, Milos, Nees, J, Harilal, Sivanandan S., and Jovanovic, I. Single-shot, multi-signature remote detection of uranium by filament-induced breakdown spectroscopy. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1364/OL.44.002783.
Finney, Lauren A., Skrodzki, Patrick J., Burger, Milos, Nees, J, Harilal, Sivanandan S., & Jovanovic, I. Single-shot, multi-signature remote detection of uranium by filament-induced breakdown spectroscopy. United States. doi:10.1364/OL.44.002783.
Finney, Lauren A., Skrodzki, Patrick J., Burger, Milos, Nees, J, Harilal, Sivanandan S., and Jovanovic, I. Sat . "Single-shot, multi-signature remote detection of uranium by filament-induced breakdown spectroscopy". United States. doi:10.1364/OL.44.002783.
@article{osti_1543323,
title = {Single-shot, multi-signature remote detection of uranium by filament-induced breakdown spectroscopy},
author = {Finney, Lauren A. and Skrodzki, Patrick J. and Burger, Milos and Nees, J and Harilal, Sivanandan S. and Jovanovic, I},
abstractNote = {Filament-induced breakdown spectroscopy (FIBS) is an attractive remote detection approach that is potentially applicable to nuclear materials, such as uranium (U). Simultaneous detection of atomic U and uranium monoxide features is demonstrated in a single laser shot with detection probabilities of 52.2% and 39.0%, respectively, and with a 1% false-alarm probability. It is shown that a nearly 100% detection probability can be reached with 1% false alarm probability in .1 second when using an 80-Hz laser and data acquisition system. Atomic U and UO signal features are identifiable in the remote measurement with comparable signal-to-background ratios, suggesting that, despite being broader than the U I emission line, the UO band is also suitable for remote detection of uranium by FIBS.},
doi = {10.1364/OL.44.002783},
journal = {Optics Letters},
number = 11,
volume = 44,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {6}
}

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