skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Lead-free piezoelectric materials and composites for high power density energy harvesting

Abstract

Abstract

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ. (Virginia Tech), Blacksburg, VA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1541931
DOE Contract Number:  
FG02-06ER46290
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Materials Research
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 33; Journal Issue: 16; Journal ID: ISSN 0884-2914
Publisher:
Materials Research Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
Materials Science

Citation Formats

Maurya, Deepam, Peddigari, Mahesh, Kang, Min-Gyu, Geng, Liwei D., Sharpes, Nathan, Annapureddy, Venkateswarlu, Palneedi, Haribabu, Sriramdas, Rammohan, Yan, Yongke, Song, Hyun-Cheol, Wang, Yu U., Ryu, Jungho, and Priya, Shashank. Lead-free piezoelectric materials and composites for high power density energy harvesting. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1557/jmr.2018.172.
Maurya, Deepam, Peddigari, Mahesh, Kang, Min-Gyu, Geng, Liwei D., Sharpes, Nathan, Annapureddy, Venkateswarlu, Palneedi, Haribabu, Sriramdas, Rammohan, Yan, Yongke, Song, Hyun-Cheol, Wang, Yu U., Ryu, Jungho, & Priya, Shashank. Lead-free piezoelectric materials and composites for high power density energy harvesting. United States. doi:10.1557/jmr.2018.172.
Maurya, Deepam, Peddigari, Mahesh, Kang, Min-Gyu, Geng, Liwei D., Sharpes, Nathan, Annapureddy, Venkateswarlu, Palneedi, Haribabu, Sriramdas, Rammohan, Yan, Yongke, Song, Hyun-Cheol, Wang, Yu U., Ryu, Jungho, and Priya, Shashank. Fri . "Lead-free piezoelectric materials and composites for high power density energy harvesting". United States. doi:10.1557/jmr.2018.172.
@article{osti_1541931,
title = {Lead-free piezoelectric materials and composites for high power density energy harvesting},
author = {Maurya, Deepam and Peddigari, Mahesh and Kang, Min-Gyu and Geng, Liwei D. and Sharpes, Nathan and Annapureddy, Venkateswarlu and Palneedi, Haribabu and Sriramdas, Rammohan and Yan, Yongke and Song, Hyun-Cheol and Wang, Yu U. and Ryu, Jungho and Priya, Shashank},
abstractNote = {Abstract},
doi = {10.1557/jmr.2018.172},
journal = {Journal of Materials Research},
issn = {0884-2914},
number = 16,
volume = 33,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {6}
}

Works referenced in this record:

Flexible Piezoelectric Touch Sensor by Alignment of Lead-Free Alkaline Niobate Microcubes in PDMS
journal, April 2017

  • Deutz, Daniella B.; Mascarenhas, Neola T.; Schelen, J. Ben J.
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 27, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201700728

Piezoelectric and ferroelectric properties of textured (Na0.50K0.47Li0.03)(Nb0.8Ta0.2)O3 ceramics by using template grain growth method
journal, April 2012


A Free-Standing Molecular Spin-Charge Converter for Ubiquitous Magnetic-Energy Harvesting and Sensing
journal, December 2016

  • Xu, Beibei; Chakraborty, Himanshu; Remsing, Richard C.
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 29, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201605150

Solid state growth of Na1/2Bi1/2TiO3–BaTiO3 single crystals and their enhanced piezoelectric properties
journal, February 2011


Wide-bandwidth, meandering vibration energy harvester with distributed circuit board inertial mass
journal, December 2012


Direct Writing of Patterned, Lead-Free Nanowire Aligned Flexible Piezoelectric Device
journal, May 2016


Characterization of different beam shapes for piezoelectric energy harvesting
journal, September 2008


High-Performance (Na 0.5 K 0.5 )NbO 3 Thin Film Piezoelectric Energy Harvester
journal, September 2014

  • Kim, Bo-Yun; Seo, In-Tae; Lee, Youn-Seon
  • Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Vol. 98, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1111/jace.13238

Ultrahigh strain and piezoelectric behavior in relaxor based ferroelectric single crystals
journal, August 1997

  • Park, Seung-Eek; Shrout, Thomas R.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 82, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.365983

Texture development and enhanced electromechanical properties in <00l>-textured BNT-based materials
journal, December 2016


Perspective on the Development of Lead-free Piezoceramics
journal, June 2009


Temperature dependence of the piezoelectric response in lead zirconate titanate films
journal, February 2004

  • Wolf, R. A.; Trolier-McKinstry, S.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 95, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1636530

On the Effectiveness of Vibration-based Energy Harvesting
journal, October 2005


A spiral-shaped harvester with an improved harvesting element and an adaptive storage circuit
journal, June 2007

  • Hu, Hongping; Xue, Huan; Hu, Yuantai
  • IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, Vol. 54, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1109/TUFFC.2007.371

Electromechanical Modeling of the Low-Frequency Zigzag Micro-Energy Harvester
journal, January 2011

  • Karami, M. Amin; Inman, Daniel J.
  • Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, Vol. 22, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1177/1045389X11398164

Vibration energy scavenging via piezoelectric bimorphs of optimized shapes
journal, December 2009

  • Benasciutti, Denis; Moro, Luciano; Zelenika, Saša
  • Microsystem Technologies, Vol. 16, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1007/s00542-009-1000-5

Sensor shape design for piezoelectric cantilever beams to harvest vibration energy
journal, July 2010

  • Friswell, Michael I.; Adhikari, Sondipon
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 108, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3457330

Electronic optimization for an energy harvesting system based on magnetoelectric Metglas/poly(vinylidene fluoride)/Metglas composites
journal, July 2016


Influence of Mixing Condition and Nonstoichiometry on Piezoelectric Properties of (K, Na, Pb)NbO 3 Ceramics
journal, September 2004

  • Tashiro, Shinjiro; Nagata, Kunihiro
  • Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 43, Issue 9B
  • DOI: 10.1143/JJAP.43.6711

Overview of low temperature co-fired ceramics tape technology for meso-system technology (MsST)
journal, April 2001

  • Gongora-Rubio, M. R.; Espinoza-Vallejos, P.; Sola-Laguna, L.
  • Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, Vol. 89, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0924-4247(00)00554-9

A wideband vibration energy harvester based on a folded asymmetric gapped cantilever
journal, February 2014

  • Hu, Yating; Xu, Yong
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 104, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4863923

Piezoelectric properties of [Li0.03(K0.48Na0.52)0.97](Nb0.97Sb0.03)O3-(Ba0.85Ca0.15)(Ti0.90Zr0.10)O3 lead-free piezoelectric ceramics
journal, May 2012


Fabrication of Barium Titanate Single Crystals by Solid-State Grain Growth
journal, April 1994


Low frequency arc-based MEMS structures for vibration energy harvesting
conference, April 2013

  • Apo, Daniel J.; Sanghadasa, Mohan; Priya, Shashank
  • 2013 8th IEEE International Conference on Nano/Micro Engineered and Molecular Systems (NEMS), The 8th Annual IEEE International Conference on Nano/Micro Engineered and Molecular Systems
  • DOI: 10.1109/NEMS.2013.6559805

A review of the recent research on vibration energy harvesting via bistable systems
journal, January 2013


Multiferroic and magnetoelectric materials
journal, August 2006

  • Eerenstein, W.; Mathur, N. D.; Scott, J. F.
  • Nature, Vol. 442, Issue 7104
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature05023

Growth and orientation dependence of electrical properties of 0.92Na 0.5 Bi 0.5 TiO 3 -0.08 K 0.5 Bi 0.5 TiO 3 lead-free piezoelectric single crystal
journal, June 2011

  • Sun, Renbing; Zhao, Xiangyong; Zhang, Qinhui
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 109, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3601116

Lead-free (Na0.5K0.5)(Nb0.95Ta0.05)O3–BiFeO3 thin films for MEMS piezoelectric vibration energy harvesting devices
journal, February 2012


Low frequency energy harvesting using a force amplified piezoelectric stack
conference, July 2017

  • Evans, Matthew; Aw, Kean
  • 2017 IEEE International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics (AIM)
  • DOI: 10.1109/AIM.2017.8014242

Multilayer piezoelectric energy scavenger for large current generation
journal, March 2008

  • Song, Hyun-Cheol; Kim, Hyung-Chan; Kang, Chong-Yun
  • Journal of Electroceramics, Vol. 23, Issue 2-4
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10832-008-9439-9

Energy harvesting device based on a metallic glass/PVDF magnetoelectric laminated composite
journal, May 2015


Controlled synthesis of ultra-long vertically aligned BaTiO 3 nanowire arrays for sensing and energy harvesting applications
journal, August 2014


Power-generation performance of lead-free (K,Na)NbO3 piezoelectric thin-film energy harvesters
journal, June 2012

  • Kanno, Isaku; Ichida, Tomoharu; Adachi, Kazuhiko
  • Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, Vol. 179
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.sna.2012.03.003

Virus-based piezoelectric energy generation
journal, May 2012

  • Lee, Byung Yang; Zhang, Jinxing; Zueger, Chris
  • Nature Nanotechnology, Vol. 7, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2012.69

Orientation-dependent piezoresponse and high-performance energy harvesting of lead-free (K,Na)NbO 3 nanorod arrays
journal, January 2017

  • He, Yahua; Wang, Zhao; Hu, Xiaokang
  • RSC Advances, Vol. 7, Issue 28
  • DOI: 10.1039/C7RA01359K

A flexible lead-free piezoelectric nanogenerator based on vertically aligned BaTiO 3 nanotube arrays on a Ti-mesh substrate
journal, January 2016

  • Tsege, Ermias Libnedengel; Kim, Gyu Han; Annapureddy, Venkateswarlu
  • RSC Advances, Vol. 6, Issue 84
  • DOI: 10.1039/C6RA13482C

Piezoelectric BaTiO 3 Thin Film Nanogenerator on Plastic Substrates
journal, December 2010

  • Park, Kwi-Il; Xu, Sheng; Liu, Ying
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 10, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl102959k

Performance Enhancement of Piezoelectric Energy Harvesters Using Multilayer and Multistep Beam Configurations
journal, June 2015

  • Sriramdas, Rammohan; Chiplunkar, Sanketh; Cuduvally, Ramya M.
  • IEEE Sensors Journal, Vol. 15, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1109/JSEN.2014.2387882

Potential of a piezoelectric energy harvester from sea waves
journal, February 2014


Enhanced performance of magnetoelectric energy harvester based on compound magnetic coupling effect
journal, April 2015

  • Han, Jinchi; Hu, Jun; Wang, Zhongxu
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 117, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4917214

Structural of BCTZ nanowires and high performance BCTZ-based nanogenerator for biomechanical energy harvesting
journal, June 2017


Enhanced electromechanical coupling in Pb(Mg 1/3 Nb 2/3 )O 3 -PbTiO 3 ⟨001⟩ C radially textured cylinders
journal, January 2014

  • Yan, Yongke; Zhou, Yuan; Priya, Shashank
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 104, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4861224

Composition design rule for energy harvesting devices in piezoelectric perovskite ceramics
journal, February 2015


Piezoelectric energy harvesting from vortex-induced vibrations of circular cylinder
journal, September 2013


Photovoltaics with Ferroelectrics: Current Status and Beyond
journal, May 2016

  • Paillard, Charles; Bai, Xiaofei; Infante, Ingrid C.
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 28, Issue 26
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201505215

Estimation of Electric Charge Output for Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting
journal, May 2004


Tantalum doped 0.94Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3–0.06BaTiO3 piezoelectric ceramics
journal, January 2008


Flexible High-Output Nanogenerator Based on Lateral ZnO Nanowire Array
journal, August 2010

  • Zhu, Guang; Yang, Rusen; Wang, Sihong
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 10, Issue 8, p. 3151-3155
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl101973h

Enhanced piezoelectric and ferroelectric properties in Mn-doped Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3–BaTiO3 single crystals
journal, September 2009

  • Zhang, Qinhui; Zhang, Yaoyao; Wang, Feifei
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 95, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3222942

Synthesis mechanism of grain-oriented lead-free piezoelectric Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3–BaTiO3 ceramics with giant piezoelectric response
journal, January 2013

  • Maurya, Deepam; Zhou, Yuan; Yan, Yongke
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry C, Vol. 1, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1039/c3tc00619k

Effects of Na nonstoichiometry in (Bi0.5Na0.5+x)TiO3 ceramics
journal, January 2010

  • Sung, Y. S.; Kim, J. M.; Cho, J. H.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 96, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3275704

A study of low level vibrations as a power source for wireless sensor nodes
journal, July 2003


Structure and properties of hot-pressed lead-free (Ba0.85Ca0.15)(Zr0.1Ti0.9)O3 piezoelectric ceramics
journal, January 2013


Lead-free piezoelectric ceramics of (Bi 1/2 Na 1/2 )TiO 3 -BaTiO 3 -BiFeO 3 system
journal, May 1999


Templated Grain Growth of Textured Piezoelectric Ceramics
journal, April 2004

  • Messing, G. L.; Trolier-McKinstry, S.; Sabolsky, E. M.
  • Critical Reviews in Solid State and Materials Sciences, Vol. 29, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1080/10408430490490905

Achieving Both Giant d 33 and High T C in Patassium-Sodium Niobate Ternary System
journal, December 2013

  • Cheng, Xiaojing; Wu, Jiagang; Lou, Xiaojie
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 6, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1021/am404793e

High-frequency vibration energy harvesting from impulsive excitation utilizing intentional dynamic instability caused by strong nonlinearity
journal, May 2016

  • Remick, Kevin; Dane Quinn, D.; Michael McFarland, D.
  • Journal of Sound and Vibration, Vol. 370
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jsv.2016.01.051

Morphological changes towards enhancing piezoelectric properties of PVDF electrical generators using cellulose nanocrystals
journal, September 2016

  • Fashandi, Hossein; Abolhasani, Mohammad Mahdi; Sandoghdar, Parastoo
  • Cellulose, Vol. 23, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10570-016-1070-3

Polarization rotation mechanism for ultrahigh electromechanical response in single-crystal piezoelectrics
journal, January 2000

  • Fu, Huaxiang; Cohen, Ronald E.
  • Nature, Vol. 403, Issue 6767
  • DOI: 10.1038/35002022

Effect of bismuth excess on ferroelectric and piezoelectric properties of a (Na0.5Bi0.5)TiO3–BaTiO3 composition near the morphotropic phase boundary
journal, March 2009


Harvesting traffic-induced vibrations for structural health monitoring of bridges
journal, September 2011

  • Galchev, T. V.; McCullagh, J.; Peterson, R. L.
  • Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, Vol. 21, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1088/0960-1317/21/10/104005

Origin of the High Piezoelectric Response in PbZr 1 x Ti x O 3
journal, June 2000


Pyroelectric Nanogenerators for Harvesting Thermoelectric Energy
journal, May 2012

  • Yang, Ya; Guo, Wenxi; Pradel, Ken C.
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 12, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl3003039

A Reconfigurable Rectified Flexible Energy Harvester via Solid-State Single Crystal Grown PMN-PZT
journal, March 2015

  • Hwang, Geon-Tae; Yang, Joonseok; Yang, Seong Ho
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 5, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201500051

Titanium Diffusion into (K 0.5 Na 0.5 )NbO 3 Thin Films Deposited on Pt/Ti/SiO 2 /Si Substrates and Corresponding Effects
journal, June 2009


Piezoelectric properties of tetragonal single-domain Mn-doped NBT-6 %BT single crystals
journal, November 2013


Seed-Free Solid-State Growth of Large Lead-Free Piezoelectric Single Crystals: (Na 1/2 K 1/2 )NbO 3
journal, June 2015

  • Jiang, Minhong; Randall, Clive A.; Guo, Hanzheng
  • Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Vol. 98, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1111/jace.13723

Compositional Modifications of 10%-Pb-Doped Bi0.5Na0.5Tio3 for High-Temperature Dielectrics
journal, August 1995


Electrical properties of Na1/2Bi1/2TiO3–BaTiO3 ceramics
journal, December 2002


Piezoelectric properties and temperature stability of Mn-doped Pb(Mg 1/3 Nb 2/3 )-PbZrO 3 -PbTiO 3 textured ceramics
journal, March 2012

  • Yan, Yongke; Cho, Kyung-Hoon; Priya, Shashank
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 100, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3698157

Crystal growth and high piezoelectric performance of 0.95Na 0.5 Bi 0.5 TiO 3 –0.05BaTiO 3 lead-free ferroelectric materials
journal, May 2008


Nonlinear driving force–velocity relationship for the migration of faceted boundaries
journal, June 2012


Potassium–Sodium Niobate Lead-Free Piezoelectric Materials: Past, Present, and Future of Phase Boundaries
journal, March 2015

  • Wu, Jiagang; Xiao, Dingquan; Zhu, Jianguo
  • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 115, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1021/cr5006809

Fabrication of textured KNNT ceramics by reactive template grain growth using NN templates
journal, August 2013


Strong and anisotropic magnetoelectricity in composites of magnetostrictive Ni and solid-state grown lead-free piezoelectric BZT–BCT single crystals
journal, March 2017

  • Palneedi, Haribabu; Annapureddy, Venkateswarlu; Lee, Ho-Yong
  • Journal of Asian Ceramic Societies, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jascer.2016.12.005

Low-frequency Zigzag energy harvesters operating in torsion-dominant mode
journal, October 2017


Flexible High-Performance Lead-Free Na 0.47 K 0.47 Li 0.06 NbO 3 Microcube-Structure-Based Piezoelectric Energy Harvester
journal, January 2016

  • Gupta, Manoj Kumar; Kim, Sang-Woo; Kumar, Binay
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 8, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.5b09485

Large Piezoelectric Effect in Pb-Free Ceramics
journal, December 2009


Composition-driven phase boundary and its energy harvesting performance of BCZT lead–free piezoelectric ceramic
journal, July 2017


Giant strain in lead-free piezoceramics Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3–BaTiO3–K0.5Na0.5NbO3 system
journal, September 2007

  • Zhang, Shan-Tao; Kounga, Alain Brice; Aulbach, Emil
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 91, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2783200

Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3–K0.5Bi0.5TiO3 (NBT-KBT) system: A structural and electrical study
journal, October 1996

  • Elkechai, O.; Manier, M.; Mercurio, J. P.
  • Physica Status Solidi (a), Vol. 157, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1002/pssa.2211570234

Lead-free piezoelectric ceramics: Alternatives for PZT?
journal, February 2007


Enhanced piezoelectric properties of 〈001〉 textured lead-free (KxNa1 − x)0.946Li0.054NbO3 ceramics with large strain
journal, April 2012

  • Hao, Jigong; Ye, Chenggen; Shen, Bo
  • physica status solidi (a), Vol. 209, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1002/pssa.201127747

Growth of Dense Single Crystals of Potassium Sodium Niobate by a Combination of Solid-State Crystal Growth and Hot Pressing
journal, May 2008


Scaling and Performance Analysis of MEMS Piezoelectric Energy Harvesters
journal, June 2017


Improved solid-state conversion and piezoelectric properties of 90Na 1/2 Bi 1/2 TiO 3 -5BaTiO 3 -5K 1/2 Na 1/2 NbO 3 single crystals
journal, January 2017


Lead-free piezoceramics
journal, October 2004

  • Saito, Yasuyoshi; Takao, Hisaaki; Tani, Toshihiko
  • Nature, Vol. 432, Issue 7013
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature03028

⟨001⟩ textured (K0.5Na0.5)(Nb0.97Sb0.03)O3 piezoelectric ceramics with high electromechanical coupling over a broad temperature range
journal, December 2009

  • Chang, Yunfei; Poterala, Stephen F.; Yang, Zupei
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 95, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3271682

Investigation of useful ambient vibration sources for the application of energy harvesting
conference, December 2011

  • Bin Ab Rahman, Mohd Fauzi; Kok, Swee Leong
  • 2011 IEEE Student Conference on Research and Development (SCOReD)
  • DOI: 10.1109/SCOReD.2011.6148771

A piezoelectric vibration based generator for wireless electronics
journal, August 2004


Lead-Free Piezoelectric Ceramics of ( B i 1/2 N a 1/2 ) T i O 3 –1/2( B i 2 O 3 · S c 2 O 3 ) System
journal, September 1997

  • Nagata, Hajime; Takenaka, Tadashi
  • Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 36, Issue Part 1, No. 9B
  • DOI: 10.1143/JJAP.36.6055

Lead-free piezoelectric ceramic transducer in the donor-doped K<sub>1/2</sub>Na<sub>1/2</sub>NbO<sub>3</sub> solid solution system
journal, January 2008

  • Hagh, N. M.; Jadidian, B.; Ashbahian, E.
  • IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control, Vol. 55, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1109/TUFFC.2008.630

(Bi 1/2 Na 1/2 )TiO 3 -BaTiO 3 System for Lead-Free Piezoelectric Ceramics
journal, September 1991

  • Takenaka, Tadashi; Maruyama, Kei-ichi; Sakata, Koichiro
  • Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 30, Issue Part 1, No. 9B
  • DOI: 10.1143/JJAP.30.2236

Mechanism for the high voltage photovoltaic effect in ceramic ferroelectrics
journal, October 1975

  • Brody, Philip S.; Crowne, Frank
  • Journal of Electronic Materials, Vol. 4, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF02660182

Morphotropic phase boundary and electric properties in (1− x )Bi 0.5 Na 0.5 TiO 3 - x BiCoO 3 lead-free piezoelectric ceramics
journal, June 2012

  • Guo, Fei-Fei; Yang, Bin; Zhang, Shan-Tao
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 111, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4730770

Lead-free Mn-doped (K 0.5 ,Na 0.5 )NbO 3 piezoelectric thin films for MEMS-based vibrational energy harvester applications
journal, June 2016

  • Won, Sung Sik; Lee, Joonhee; Venugopal, Vineeth
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 108, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4953623

Low-Loss Piezoelectric Single-Crystal Fibers for Enhanced Magnetic Energy Harvesting with Magnetoelectric Composite
journal, September 2016

  • Annapureddy, Venkateswarlu; Kim, Miso; Palneedi, Haribabu
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 6, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201601244

Microstructural Evolution of Crystalline-Oriented (K0.5Na0.5)NbO3 Piezoelectric Ceramics with a Sintering Aid of CuO
journal, June 2006


Phase-Field Method of Phase Transitions/Domain Structures in Ferroelectric Thin Films: A Review
journal, June 2008


Bulk micromachined energy harvesters employing (K, Na)NbO 3 thin film
journal, February 2013

  • Minh, Le Van; Hara, Motoaki; Horikiri, Fumimasa
  • Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, Vol. 23, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1088/0960-1317/23/3/035029

Remarkably Strong Piezoelectricity of Lead-Free (K0.45Na0.55)0.98Li0.02(Nb0.77Ta0.18Sb0.05)O3 Ceramic: Remarkably Strong Piezoelectricity of Lead-Free Ceramic
journal, April 2011


Dielectric and piezoelecrtic properties of lead-free (Na0.5Bi0.5)TiO3–NaNbO3 ceramics
journal, September 2004


Enhanced ferroelectric properties in Mn-doped K0.5Na0.5NbO3 thin films derived from chemical solution deposition
journal, August 2010

  • Wang, Lingyan; Ren, Wei; Shi, Peng
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 97, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3479530

Parametric Study of Zigzag Microstructure for Vibrational Energy Harvesting
journal, February 2012


Polarization Rotation via a Monoclinic Phase in the Piezoelectric 92% PbZn 1 / 3 Nb 2 / 3 O 3 -8% PbTiO 3
journal, April 2001


Comprehensive biocompatibility of nontoxic and high-output flexible energy harvester using lead-free piezoceramic thin film
journal, July 2017

  • Jeong, Chang Kyu; Han, Jae Hyun; Palneedi, Haribabu
  • APL Materials, Vol. 5, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4976803

Advances in energy harvesting using low profile piezoelectric transducers
journal, March 2007


Giant piezoelectric voltage coefficient in grain-oriented modified PbTiO3 material
journal, October 2016

  • Yan, Yongke; Zhou, Jie E.; Maurya, Deepam
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms13089

Textured (K0.5Na0.5)NbO3 ceramics prepared by screen-printing multilayer grain growth technique
journal, January 2012


Lead-free piezoelectric ceramics vs. PZT?
journal, March 2007


Solid-state conversion of (Na 1/2 Bi 1/2 )TiO 3 -BaTiO 3 -(K 1/2 Na 1/2 )NbO 3 single crystals and their piezoelectric properties
journal, June 2014

  • Park, Ji-Hoon; Lee, Ho-Yong; Kang, Suk-Joong L.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 104, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4881615

Ocean wave energy harvesting with a piezoelectric coupled buoy structure
journal, March 2015


Fundamental limitation to the magnitude of piezoelectric response of ⟨001⟩ pc textured K 0.5 Na 0.5 NbO 3 ceramic
journal, April 2014

  • Gupta, Shashaank; Belianinov, Alexei; Baris Okatan, Mahmut
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 104, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4874648

Piezoelectric properties of (Bi1/2Na1/2)TiO3-based ceramics
journal, June 1990


Large-Area and Flexible Lead-Free Nanocomposite Generator Using Alkaline Niobate Particles and Metal Nanorod Filler
journal, January 2014

  • Jeong, Chang Kyu; Park, Kwi-Il; Ryu, Jungho
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 24, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201303484

Giant energy density in [001]-textured Pb(Mg 1/3 Nb 2/3 )O 3 -PbZrO 3 -PbTiO 3 piezoelectric ceramics
journal, January 2013

  • Yan, Yongke; Cho, Kyung-Hoon; Maurya, Deepam
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 102, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4789854

Ubiquitous magneto-mechano-electric generator
journal, January 2015

  • Ryu, Jungho; Kang, Ju-Eun; Zhou, Yuan
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 8, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5EE00414D

Strategies for increasing the operating frequency range of vibration energy harvesters: a review
journal, December 2009


Analysis of power output for piezoelectric energy harvesting systems
journal, September 2006


High Strain, 001> Textured 0.675Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-0.325PbTiO3 Ceramics: Templated Grain Growth and Piezoelectric Properties
journal, February 2005


Solid-State Conversion of Single Crystals: The Principle and the State-of-the-Art
journal, January 2015

  • Kang, Suk-Joong L.; Park, Ji-Hoon; Ko, Seok-Young
  • Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Vol. 98, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1111/jace.13420

Microstructural Evolution During Sintering with Control of the Interface Structure
journal, July 2009


Phase Transition Temperatures and Piezoelectric Properties of (Bi 1/2 Na 1/2 )TiO 3 -and (Bi 1/2 K 1/2 )TiO 3 -Based Bismuth Perovskite Lead-Free Ferroelectric Ceramics
journal, August 2009

  • Takenaka, Tadashi; Nagata, Hajime; Hiruma, Yuji
  • IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control, Vol. 56, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1109/TUFFC.2009.1224

Fabrication and electrical properties of textured (Na,K)0.5Bi0.5TiO3 ceramics by reactive-templated grain growth
journal, March 2008


Electromechanical and ferroelectric properties of (Bi1∕2Na1∕2)TiO3–(Bi1∕2K1∕2)TiO3–BaTiO3 lead-free piezoelectric ceramics
journal, July 2004

  • Wang, X. X.; Tang, X. G.; Chan, H. L. W.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 85, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1767592

Piezoelectric Vibrational Energy Harvester Using Lead-Free Ferroelectric BiFeO 3 Films
journal, May 2013

  • Yoshimura, Takeshi; Murakami, Shuichi; Wakazono, Keisuke
  • Applied Physics Express, Vol. 6, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.7567/APEX.6.051501

Growth of potassium sodium niobate single crystals by solid state crystal growth
journal, May 2007


Growth of (Na, K, Li)(Nb, Ta)O3 single crystals by solid state crystal growth
journal, January 2007


Effect of degree of crystallographic texture on ferro- and piezoelectric properties of Ba 0.85 Ca 0.15 TiO 3 piezoceramics
journal, March 2017

  • Schultheiß, Jan; Clemens, Oliver; Zhukov, Sergey
  • Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Vol. 100, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1111/jace.14749

Multimodal system for harvesting magnetic and mechanical energy
journal, September 2008

  • Dong, Shuxiang; Zhai, Junyi; Li, J. F.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 93, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2982099

CuO-doped NaNbO 3 antiferroelectrics: Impact of aliovalent doping and nonstoichiometry on the defect structure and formation of secondary phases
journal, November 2011


Enhanced magnetic energy harvesting properties of magneto-mechano-electric generator by tailored geometry
journal, August 2016

  • Annapureddy, Venkateswarlu; Lee, Ha Young; Yoon, Woon-Ha
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 109, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4962047

Flexible Piezoelectric Thin-Film Energy Harvesters and Nanosensors for Biomedical Applications
journal, December 2014

  • Hwang, Geon-Tae; Byun, Myunghwan; Jeong, Chang Kyu
  • Advanced Healthcare Materials, Vol. 4, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1002/adhm.201400642

Large piezoelectric properties in KNN-based lead-free single crystals grown by a seed-free solid-state crystal growth method
journal, May 2016

  • Yang, Jie; Zhang, Faqiang; Yang, Qunbao
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 108, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4948642

Magnetoelectric Interactions in Lead-Based and Lead-Free Composites
journal, April 2011

  • Bichurin, Mirza; Petrov, Vladimir; Zakharov, Anatoly
  • Materials, Vol. 4, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.3390/ma4040651

A hybrid fibers based wearable fabric piezoelectric nanogenerator for energy harvesting application
journal, April 2015


Virus-Directed Design of a Flexible BaTiO 3 Nanogenerator
journal, November 2013

  • Jeong, Chang Kyu; Kim, Insu; Park, Kwi-Il
  • ACS Nano, Vol. 7, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1021/nn404659d

High output piezoelectric nanocomposite generators composed of oriented BaTiO3 NPs@PVDF
journal, January 2015


Two-dimensional concentrated-stress low-frequency piezoelectric vibration energy harvesters
journal, August 2015

  • Sharpes, Nathan; Abdelkefi, Abdessattar; Priya, Shashank
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 107, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4929844

Resistive Switching Memory Integrated with Nanogenerator for Self-Powered Bioimplantable Devices
journal, May 2016

  • Kim, Bo-Yun; Lee, Woong-Hee; Hwang, Hyun-Gyu
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 26, Issue 29
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201505569

An experimentally validated bimorph cantilever model for piezoelectric energy harvesting from base excitations
journal, January 2009


Multiferroic magnetoelectric composites: Historical perspective, status, and future directions
journal, February 2008

  • Nan, Ce-Wen; Bichurin, M. I.; Dong, Shuxiang
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 103, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2836410

MEMS Based Broadband Piezoelectric Ultrasonic Energy Harvester (PUEH) for Enabling Self-Powered Implantable Biomedical Devices
journal, April 2016

  • Shi, Qiongfeng; Wang, Tao; Lee, Chengkuo
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep24946

Phase-Field Models for Microstructure Evolution
journal, August 2002


Criterion for material selection in design of bulk piezoelectric energy harvesters
journal, December 2010

  • Priya, S.
  • IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, Vol. 57, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1109/TUFFC.2010.1734

Piezoelectric nanogenerators synthesized using KNbO 3 nanowires with various crystal structures
journal, January 2014

  • Joung, Mi-Ri; Xu, Haibo; Seo, In-Tae
  • J. Mater. Chem. A, Vol. 2, Issue 43
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4TA03551H

Piezoelectric and ferroelectric materials and structures for energy harvesting applications
journal, January 2014

  • Bowen, C. R.; Kim, H. A.; Weaver, P. M.
  • Energy Environ. Sci., Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1039/C3EE42454E

A highly dense structure boosts energy harvesting and cycling reliabilities of a high-performance lead-free energy harvester
journal, January 2017

  • Zheng, Mupeng; Hou, Yudong; Yan, Xiaodong
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry C, Vol. 5, Issue 31
  • DOI: 10.1039/C7TC00914C

Energy harvesting from ambient low-frequency magnetic field using magneto-mechano-electric composite cantilever
journal, January 2014

  • Liu, Guoxi; Ci, Penghong; Dong, Shuxiang
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 104, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4862876

Dielectric and AC-conductivity studies of Dy 2 O 3 doped (K 0.5 Na 0.5 )NbO 3 ceramics
journal, August 2014

  • Peddigari, Mahesh; Thota, Subhash; Pamu, Dobbidi
  • AIP Advances, Vol. 4, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4892856

Piezoelectric power generation of vertically aligned lead-free (K,Na)NbO 3 nanorod arrays
journal, January 2014

  • Kang, Pil Gu; Yun, Byung Kil; Sung, Kil Dong
  • RSC Adv., Vol. 4, Issue 56
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4RA02921F

Preloaded freeplay wide-bandwidth low-frequency piezoelectric harvesters
journal, July 2015

  • Sharpes, N.; Abdelkefi, A.; Hajj, M. R.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 107, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4926911

Interactions of defect complexes and domain walls in CuO-doped ferroelectric (K,Na)NbO 3
journal, June 2013

  • Eichel, Rüdiger-A.; Erünal, Ebru; Jakes, Peter
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 102, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4811268

A novel two-degrees-of-freedom piezoelectric energy harvester
journal, August 2012

  • Wu, Hao; Tang, Lihua; Yang, Yaowen
  • Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, Vol. 24, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1177/1045389X12457254

A flexible energy harvester based on a lead-free and piezoelectric BCTZ nanoparticle–polymer composite
journal, January 2016

  • Baek, Changyeon; Yun, Jong Hyuk; Wang, Ji Eun
  • Nanoscale, Vol. 8, Issue 40
  • DOI: 10.1039/C6NR05784E

Dielectric Properties and Defect Chemistry of WO3-Doped K0.5Na0.5NbO3 Ceramics
journal, January 2014

  • Wu, Shuangshuang; Zhu, Wenfeng; Liu, Laijun
  • Journal of Electronic Materials, Vol. 43, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1007/s11664-013-2975-3

Computational study of textured ferroelectric polycrystals: Dielectric and piezoelectric properties of template-matrix composites
journal, January 2017

  • Zhou, Jie E.; Yan, Yongke; Priya, Shashank
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 121, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4973683

Native Cellulose Microfiber-Based Hybrid Piezoelectric Generator for Mechanical Energy Harvesting Utility
journal, January 2016

  • Alam, Md. Mehebub; Mandal, Dipankar
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 8, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.5b08168

High performance ferroelectric relaxor-PbTiO 3 single crystals: Status and perspective
journal, February 2012

  • Zhang, Shujun; Li, Fei
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 111, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3679521

Enhanced electromechanical properties in <00l>-textured (Ba 0.85 Ca 0.15 )(Zr 0.1 Ti 0.9 )O 3 lead-free piezoceramics
journal, February 2016


Progress in engineering high strain lead-free piezoelectric ceramics
journal, February 2010