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Title: Polysulfide-Shuttle Control in Lithium-Sulfur Batteries with a Chemically/Electrochemically Compatible NaSICON-Type Solid Electrolyte

Abstract

A NaSICON–type Li +–ion conductive membrane with a formula of Li 1+ x Y x Zr 2– x (PO 4) 3 (LYZP) (x = 0–0.15) has been explored as a solid–electrolyte/separator to suppress polysulfide–crossover in lithium–sulfur (Li–S) batteries. Here, the LYZP membrane with a reasonable Li +–ion conductivity shows both favorable chemical compatibility with the lithium polysulfide species and exhibits good electrochemical stability under the operating conditions of the Li–S batteries. Through an integration of the LYZP solid electrolyte with the liquid electrolyte, the hybrid Li–S batteries show greatly enhanced cyclability in contrast to the conventional Li–S batteries with the porous polymer (e.g., Celgard) separator. At a rate of C/5, the hybrid Li ||LYZP|| Li 2S 6 batteries developed in this study (with a Li–metal anode, a liquid/LYZP hybrid electrolyte, and a dissolved lithium polysulfide cathode) delivers an initial discharge capacity of ≈1000 mA h g –1 (based on the active sulfur material) and retains ≈90% of the initial capacity after 150 cycles with a low capacity fade–rate of <0.07% per cycle.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [1]
  1. University of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)
  2. Ceramatec, Inc., West Valley City, UT (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Ceramatec, Inc., West Valley City, UT (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E)
OSTI Identifier:
1533066
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1401474
Grant/Contract Number:  
AR0000377
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Advanced Energy Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal Issue: 24; Journal ID: ISSN 1614-6832
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; Chemistry; Energy & Fuels; Materials Science; Physics; Chemical compatibility; Electrochemical compatibility; Lithium‐sulfur batteries; Polysulfide‐shuttle control; Solid electrolyte

Citation Formats

Yu, Xingwen, Bi, Zhonghe, Zhao, Feng, and Manthiram, Arumugam. Polysulfide-Shuttle Control in Lithium-Sulfur Batteries with a Chemically/Electrochemically Compatible NaSICON-Type Solid Electrolyte. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1002/aenm.201601392.
Yu, Xingwen, Bi, Zhonghe, Zhao, Feng, & Manthiram, Arumugam. Polysulfide-Shuttle Control in Lithium-Sulfur Batteries with a Chemically/Electrochemically Compatible NaSICON-Type Solid Electrolyte. United States. https://doi.org/10.1002/aenm.201601392
Yu, Xingwen, Bi, Zhonghe, Zhao, Feng, and Manthiram, Arumugam. Tue . "Polysulfide-Shuttle Control in Lithium-Sulfur Batteries with a Chemically/Electrochemically Compatible NaSICON-Type Solid Electrolyte". United States. https://doi.org/10.1002/aenm.201601392. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1533066.
@article{osti_1533066,
title = {Polysulfide-Shuttle Control in Lithium-Sulfur Batteries with a Chemically/Electrochemically Compatible NaSICON-Type Solid Electrolyte},
author = {Yu, Xingwen and Bi, Zhonghe and Zhao, Feng and Manthiram, Arumugam},
abstractNote = {A NaSICON–type Li+–ion conductive membrane with a formula of Li1+ x Y x Zr2– x (PO4)3 (LYZP) (x = 0–0.15) has been explored as a solid–electrolyte/separator to suppress polysulfide–crossover in lithium–sulfur (Li–S) batteries. Here, the LYZP membrane with a reasonable Li+–ion conductivity shows both favorable chemical compatibility with the lithium polysulfide species and exhibits good electrochemical stability under the operating conditions of the Li–S batteries. Through an integration of the LYZP solid electrolyte with the liquid electrolyte, the hybrid Li–S batteries show greatly enhanced cyclability in contrast to the conventional Li–S batteries with the porous polymer (e.g., Celgard) separator. At a rate of C/5, the hybrid Li ||LYZP|| Li2S6 batteries developed in this study (with a Li–metal anode, a liquid/LYZP hybrid electrolyte, and a dissolved lithium polysulfide cathode) delivers an initial discharge capacity of ≈1000 mA h g–1 (based on the active sulfur material) and retains ≈90% of the initial capacity after 150 cycles with a low capacity fade–rate of <0.07% per cycle.},
doi = {10.1002/aenm.201601392},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1533066}, journal = {Advanced Energy Materials},
issn = {1614-6832},
number = 24,
volume = 6,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {8}
}

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    Recent Progress in Liquid Electrolyte-Based Li–S Batteries: Shuttle Problem and Solutions
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    Research Progress of the Solid State Lithium-Sulfur Batteries
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    Development and Challenges of Functional Electrolytes for High-Performance Lithium-Sulfur Batteries
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    Advances in Interfaces between Li Metal Anode and Electrolyte
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    Review on High-Loading and High-Energy Lithium-Sulfur Batteries
    journal, May 2017


    Advanced Phosphorus-Based Materials for Lithium/Sodium-Ion Batteries: Recent Developments and Future Perspectives
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    Hybrid Lithium-Sulfur Batteries with an Advanced Gel Cathode and Stabilized Lithium-Metal Anode
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    MoN Supported on Graphene as a Bifunctional Interlayer for Advanced Li‐S Batteries
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    Transient Behavior of the Metal Interface in Lithium Metal-Garnet Batteries
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    A Perovskite Electrolyte That Is Stable in Moist Air for Lithium-Ion Batteries
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    Ambient-Temperature Energy Storage with Polyvalent Metal-Sulfur Chemistry
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    A review of solid electrolytes for safe lithium-sulfur batteries
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    Lithium battery chemistries enabled by solid-state electrolytes
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    A review of flexible lithium–sulfur and analogous alkali metal–chalcogen rechargeable batteries
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