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Title: The Second Wind Forecast Improvement Project (WFIP2): Observational Field Campaign

Abstract

The Second Wind Forecast Improvement Project (WFIP2) is a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) funded program, with private-sector and university partners, which aims to improve the accuracy of numerical weather prediction (NWP) model forecasts of wind speed in complex terrain for wind energy applications. A core component of WFIP2 was an 18-month field campaign which took place in the U.S. Pacific Northwest between October 2015 and March 2017. A large suite of instrumentation was deployed, including three 449-MHz and eight 915-MHz radar wind profilers (RWP) with radio acoustic sounding system (RASS) temperature profilers, 18 wind-profiling Doppler sodars, 5 scanning wind lidars, 5 profiling wind lidars, 4 profiling microwave radiometers, 10 microbarographs, a network of sonic anemometers, and many surface meteorological stations. The instruments were deployed in a series of telescoping arrays, ranging from 500 km across to a densely instrumented 2 x 2 km area similar in size to a high resolution NWP model grid cell. Observations from these instruments are being used to 1) improve our understanding of the meteorological phenomena that affect wind energy production in complex terrain, 2) evaluate and improve model physical parameterization schemes, and 3) assimilate into models.more » We present several brief case studies using these observations to describe phenomena that are routinely difficult to forecast, including wintertime cold pools, diurnally driven gap flows, and mountain waves/wakes. Observing system and data product improvements developed during WFIP2 are also described.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [1];  [6];  [6];  [7];  [8];  [6];  [9];  [6];  [6];  [10];  [6];  [6];  [6];  [2] more »;  [11];  [3];  [12];  [13];  [8];  [9];  [11];  [9];  [1];  [2];  [6];  [9];  [5];  [3];  [14];  [1] « less
  1. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/Earth System Research Laboratory, Boulder, Colorado
  2. Vaisala, Inc., Seattle, Washington
  3. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington
  4. Sharply Focused, LLC, Portland, Oregon
  5. National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado
  6. Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado Boulder, and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/Earth System Research Laboratory, Boulder, Colorado
  7. Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, and National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado
  8. Argonne National Laboratory, Lemont, Illinois
  9. Civil and Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana
  10. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/Air Resources Laboratory, Idaho Falls, Idaho
  11. Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, Colorado
  12. WindForS, Stuttgarter Lehrstuhl für Windenergie, Institut für Flugzeugbau, Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Germany
  13. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/National Weather Service, Washington, D.C.
  14. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Renewable Power Office. Wind Energy Technologies Office; USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA); USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Renewable Power Office. Water Power Technologies Office
OSTI Identifier:
1512667
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1570414; OSTI ID: 1570766; OSTI ID: 1579363
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5000-72249; LLNL-JRNL-756933; PNNL-SA-139211
Journal ID: ISSN 0003-0007
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357; AC05-76RL01830; AC36-08GO28308; AC52-07NA27344; EE0007605
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 100; Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 0003-0007
Publisher:
American Meteorological Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
17 WIND ENERGY; WFIP2; Columbia River Gorge; HRRR; complex terrain; mountain waves; cold pools; wind energy; atmospheric flow

Citation Formats

Wilczak, James M., Stoelinga, Mark, Berg, Larry K., Sharp, Justin, Draxl, Caroline, McCaffrey, Katherine, Banta, Robert M., Bianco, Laura, Djalalova, Irina, Lundquist, Julie K., Muradyan, Paytsar, Choukulkar, Aditya, Leo, Laura, Bonin, Timothy, Pichugina, Yelena, Eckman, Richard, Long, Charles N., Lantz, Kathleen, Worsnop, Rochelle P., Bickford, Jim, Bodini, Nicola, Chand, Duli, Clifton, Andrew, Cline, Joel, Cook, David R., Fernando, Harindra J. S., Friedrich, Katja, Krishnamurthy, Raghavendra, Marquis, Melinda, McCaa, Jim, Olson, Joseph B., Otarola-Bustos, Sebastian, Scott, George, Shaw, William J., Wharton, Sonia, and White, Allen B. The Second Wind Forecast Improvement Project (WFIP2): Observational Field Campaign. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0035.1.
Wilczak, James M., Stoelinga, Mark, Berg, Larry K., Sharp, Justin, Draxl, Caroline, McCaffrey, Katherine, Banta, Robert M., Bianco, Laura, Djalalova, Irina, Lundquist, Julie K., Muradyan, Paytsar, Choukulkar, Aditya, Leo, Laura, Bonin, Timothy, Pichugina, Yelena, Eckman, Richard, Long, Charles N., Lantz, Kathleen, Worsnop, Rochelle P., Bickford, Jim, Bodini, Nicola, Chand, Duli, Clifton, Andrew, Cline, Joel, Cook, David R., Fernando, Harindra J. S., Friedrich, Katja, Krishnamurthy, Raghavendra, Marquis, Melinda, McCaa, Jim, Olson, Joseph B., Otarola-Bustos, Sebastian, Scott, George, Shaw, William J., Wharton, Sonia, & White, Allen B. The Second Wind Forecast Improvement Project (WFIP2): Observational Field Campaign. United States. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0035.1.
Wilczak, James M., Stoelinga, Mark, Berg, Larry K., Sharp, Justin, Draxl, Caroline, McCaffrey, Katherine, Banta, Robert M., Bianco, Laura, Djalalova, Irina, Lundquist, Julie K., Muradyan, Paytsar, Choukulkar, Aditya, Leo, Laura, Bonin, Timothy, Pichugina, Yelena, Eckman, Richard, Long, Charles N., Lantz, Kathleen, Worsnop, Rochelle P., Bickford, Jim, Bodini, Nicola, Chand, Duli, Clifton, Andrew, Cline, Joel, Cook, David R., Fernando, Harindra J. S., Friedrich, Katja, Krishnamurthy, Raghavendra, Marquis, Melinda, McCaa, Jim, Olson, Joseph B., Otarola-Bustos, Sebastian, Scott, George, Shaw, William J., Wharton, Sonia, and White, Allen B. Sun . "The Second Wind Forecast Improvement Project (WFIP2): Observational Field Campaign". United States. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0035.1. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1512667.
@article{osti_1512667,
title = {The Second Wind Forecast Improvement Project (WFIP2): Observational Field Campaign},
author = {Wilczak, James M. and Stoelinga, Mark and Berg, Larry K. and Sharp, Justin and Draxl, Caroline and McCaffrey, Katherine and Banta, Robert M. and Bianco, Laura and Djalalova, Irina and Lundquist, Julie K. and Muradyan, Paytsar and Choukulkar, Aditya and Leo, Laura and Bonin, Timothy and Pichugina, Yelena and Eckman, Richard and Long, Charles N. and Lantz, Kathleen and Worsnop, Rochelle P. and Bickford, Jim and Bodini, Nicola and Chand, Duli and Clifton, Andrew and Cline, Joel and Cook, David R. and Fernando, Harindra J. S. and Friedrich, Katja and Krishnamurthy, Raghavendra and Marquis, Melinda and McCaa, Jim and Olson, Joseph B. and Otarola-Bustos, Sebastian and Scott, George and Shaw, William J. and Wharton, Sonia and White, Allen B.},
abstractNote = {The Second Wind Forecast Improvement Project (WFIP2) is a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) funded program, with private-sector and university partners, which aims to improve the accuracy of numerical weather prediction (NWP) model forecasts of wind speed in complex terrain for wind energy applications. A core component of WFIP2 was an 18-month field campaign which took place in the U.S. Pacific Northwest between October 2015 and March 2017. A large suite of instrumentation was deployed, including three 449-MHz and eight 915-MHz radar wind profilers (RWP) with radio acoustic sounding system (RASS) temperature profilers, 18 wind-profiling Doppler sodars, 5 scanning wind lidars, 5 profiling wind lidars, 4 profiling microwave radiometers, 10 microbarographs, a network of sonic anemometers, and many surface meteorological stations. The instruments were deployed in a series of telescoping arrays, ranging from 500 km across to a densely instrumented 2 x 2 km area similar in size to a high resolution NWP model grid cell. Observations from these instruments are being used to 1) improve our understanding of the meteorological phenomena that affect wind energy production in complex terrain, 2) evaluate and improve model physical parameterization schemes, and 3) assimilate into models. We present several brief case studies using these observations to describe phenomena that are routinely difficult to forecast, including wintertime cold pools, diurnally driven gap flows, and mountain waves/wakes. Observing system and data product improvements developed during WFIP2 are also described.},
doi = {10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0035.1},
journal = {Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society},
issn = {0003-0007},
number = 9,
volume = 100,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {9}
}

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