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Title: Performance and Regulated/Unregulated Emission Evaluation of a Spark Ignition Engine Fueled with Acetone–Butanol–Ethanol and Gasoline Blends

Abstract

An experimental investigation was conducted on the effect of equivalence ratios and engine loads on performance and emission characteristics using acetone–butanol–ethanol (ABE) and gasoline blends. Gasoline blends with various ABE content (0 vol % to 80 vol % ABE, referred to as G100, ABE10, ABE20, ABE30, ABE60, and ABE80, respectively) were used as test fuels, where the volumetric concentration of A/B/E was 3:6:1. The experiments were conducted at engine loads of 3, 4, 5, and 6 bar brake mean effective pressure at an engine speed of 1200 rpm and under various equivalence ratios (Φ = 0.83–1.25). The results showed that ABE addition in the fuel blends could increase brake thermal efficiency and decrease unburned hydrocarbon (UHC), carbon dioxide (CO), and oxynitride (NO x). As for unregulated emissions, acetaldehyde and 1,3-budatiene emissions increased with the increased ABE content in blend fuels. Regarding the aromatic emissions, ABE addition led to a decrease in benzene, toluene, and xylene emissions. The study indicated that ABE could be used as a promising alternative fuel in spark ignition (SI) engines for enhancing the brake thermal efficiency and reducing regulated emissions and aromatic air toxics.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [3]
  1. Beijing Jiaotong Univ., Beijing (China); Univ. of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL (United States)
  2. Beijing Jiaotong Univ., Beijing (China)
  3. Univ. of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V); National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC); National Key Research and Development Program; National Engineering Lab. for Mobile Source Emission Control Tech.
OSTI Identifier:
1509870
Grant/Contract Number:  
EE0006864
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Energies (Basel)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 11; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 1996-1073
Publisher:
MDPI AG
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS; acetone; butanol; ethanol; unregulated emissions; gas chromatography; aromatic air toxics

Citation Formats

Li, Yuanxu, Ning, Zhi, Lee, Chia-fon, Lee, Timothy, and Yan, Junhao. Performance and Regulated/Unregulated Emission Evaluation of a Spark Ignition Engine Fueled with Acetone–Butanol–Ethanol and Gasoline Blends. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.3390/en11051121.
Li, Yuanxu, Ning, Zhi, Lee, Chia-fon, Lee, Timothy, & Yan, Junhao. Performance and Regulated/Unregulated Emission Evaluation of a Spark Ignition Engine Fueled with Acetone–Butanol–Ethanol and Gasoline Blends. United States. doi:10.3390/en11051121.
Li, Yuanxu, Ning, Zhi, Lee, Chia-fon, Lee, Timothy, and Yan, Junhao. Wed . "Performance and Regulated/Unregulated Emission Evaluation of a Spark Ignition Engine Fueled with Acetone–Butanol–Ethanol and Gasoline Blends". United States. doi:10.3390/en11051121. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1509870.
@article{osti_1509870,
title = {Performance and Regulated/Unregulated Emission Evaluation of a Spark Ignition Engine Fueled with Acetone–Butanol–Ethanol and Gasoline Blends},
author = {Li, Yuanxu and Ning, Zhi and Lee, Chia-fon and Lee, Timothy and Yan, Junhao},
abstractNote = {An experimental investigation was conducted on the effect of equivalence ratios and engine loads on performance and emission characteristics using acetone–butanol–ethanol (ABE) and gasoline blends. Gasoline blends with various ABE content (0 vol % to 80 vol % ABE, referred to as G100, ABE10, ABE20, ABE30, ABE60, and ABE80, respectively) were used as test fuels, where the volumetric concentration of A/B/E was 3:6:1. The experiments were conducted at engine loads of 3, 4, 5, and 6 bar brake mean effective pressure at an engine speed of 1200 rpm and under various equivalence ratios (Φ = 0.83–1.25). The results showed that ABE addition in the fuel blends could increase brake thermal efficiency and decrease unburned hydrocarbon (UHC), carbon dioxide (CO), and oxynitride (NOx). As for unregulated emissions, acetaldehyde and 1,3-budatiene emissions increased with the increased ABE content in blend fuels. Regarding the aromatic emissions, ABE addition led to a decrease in benzene, toluene, and xylene emissions. The study indicated that ABE could be used as a promising alternative fuel in spark ignition (SI) engines for enhancing the brake thermal efficiency and reducing regulated emissions and aromatic air toxics.},
doi = {10.3390/en11051121},
journal = {Energies (Basel)},
issn = {1996-1073},
number = 5,
volume = 11,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {5}
}

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