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Title: Plant Succession at the Edges of Two Abandoned Cultivated Fields on the Arid Lands Ecology Reserve

Abstract

How vegetation recovers from disturbances is an important question for land managers. We examined 500 m2 plots to determine the progress made by native herbaceous plant species in colonizing the edges of abandoned cultivated fields at different elevations and microclimates, but with similar soils in a big sagebrush/bluebunch wheatgrass steppe. Alien species, especially cheatgrass and cereal rye, were the major competitors to the natives. The native species with best potential for restoring steppe habitats were sulphur lupine, hawksbeard, bottlebrush squirreltail, needle-and-thread grass, Sandberg's bluegrass, and several lomatiums.

Authors:
 [1];  [1]
  1. (OFFICE OF FELLOWSHIP PROG)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
US Department of Energy (US)
OSTI Identifier:
15002937
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-36611
EW02J1370; TRN: US200420%%182
DOE Contract Number:
AC06-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Northwest Science; Journal Volume: 76; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: PBD: 1 Dec 2002
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; ARID LANDS; CEREALS; DISTURBANCES; ECOLOGY; GRAMINEAE; MICROCLIMATES; PLANTS; RYE; SOILS

Citation Formats

Simmons, Sally A., and Rickard, William H. Plant Succession at the Edges of Two Abandoned Cultivated Fields on the Arid Lands Ecology Reserve. United States: N. p., 2002. Web.
Simmons, Sally A., & Rickard, William H. Plant Succession at the Edges of Two Abandoned Cultivated Fields on the Arid Lands Ecology Reserve. United States.
Simmons, Sally A., and Rickard, William H. Sun . "Plant Succession at the Edges of Two Abandoned Cultivated Fields on the Arid Lands Ecology Reserve". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_15002937,
title = {Plant Succession at the Edges of Two Abandoned Cultivated Fields on the Arid Lands Ecology Reserve},
author = {Simmons, Sally A. and Rickard, William H.},
abstractNote = {How vegetation recovers from disturbances is an important question for land managers. We examined 500 m2 plots to determine the progress made by native herbaceous plant species in colonizing the edges of abandoned cultivated fields at different elevations and microclimates, but with similar soils in a big sagebrush/bluebunch wheatgrass steppe. Alien species, especially cheatgrass and cereal rye, were the major competitors to the natives. The native species with best potential for restoring steppe habitats were sulphur lupine, hawksbeard, bottlebrush squirreltail, needle-and-thread grass, Sandberg's bluegrass, and several lomatiums.},
doi = {},
journal = {Northwest Science},
number = 1,
volume = 76,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Dec 01 00:00:00 EST 2002},
month = {Sun Dec 01 00:00:00 EST 2002}
}
  • This book describes the history of the Fitzner/Eberhardt Arid Lands Ecology Reserve. It briefly describes the setting; outlines historical land uses of the Reserve; describes its establishments and designations; and provides examples of the types of research and education projects PNNL conducted on the Reserve for over four decades. A comprehensive bibliography also is provided.
  • The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Richland Operations Office is working to remove a number of facilities on the Fitzner Eberhardt Arid Lands Ecology Reserve (ALE), which is part of the Hanford Reach National Monument. Decommissioning and removal of buildings and debris on ALE will leave bare soils and excavated areas that need to be revegetated to prevent erosion and weed invasion. Four main areas within ALE are affected by these activities (DOE 2009;DOE/EA-1660F): 1) facilities along the ridgeline of Rattlesnake Mountain, 2) the former Nike missile base and ALE HQ laboratory buildings, 3) the aquatic research laboratory at Rattlesnakemore » Springs area, and 4) a number of small sites across ALE where various types of debris remain from previous uses. This revegetation plan addresses the revegetation and restoration of those land areas disturbed by decommissioning and removal of buildings, facilities and associated infrastructure or debris removal. The primary objective of the revegetation efforts on ALE is to establish native vegetation at each of the sites that will enhance and accelerate the recovery of the native plant community that naturally persists at that location. Revegetation is intended to meet the direction specified by the Environmental Assessment (DOE 2009; DOE/EA-1660F) and by Stipulation C.7 of the Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) for the Rattlesnake Mountain Combined Community Communication Facility and InfrastructureCleanup on the Fitzner/Eberhardt Arid Lands Ecology Reserve, Hanford Site, Richland Washington(DOE 2009; Appendix B). Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) under contract with CH2M Hill Plateau Remediation Company (CPRC) and in consultation with the tribes and DOE-RL developed a site-specific strategy for each of the revegetation units identified within this document. The strategy and implementation approach for each revegetation unit identifies an appropriate native species mix and outlines the necessary site preparation activities and specific methods for seeding and planting at each area. evegetation work is scheduled to commence during the first quarter of FY 2011 to minimize the amount of time that sites are unvegetated and more susceptible to invasion by non-native weedy annual species.« less