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Title: Modeling and validation of multiple joint reflections for ultra- narrow gap laser welding

Abstract

The effects of multiple internal reflections within a laser weld joint as a function of joint geometry and processing conditions have been characterized. A computer model utilizing optical ray tracing is used to predict the reflective propagation of laser beam energy focused into the narrow gap of a metal joint for the purpose of predicting the location of melting and coalescence which form the weld. The model allows quantitative analysis of the effects of changes to joint geometry, laser design, materials and processing variables. This analysis method is proposed as a way to enhance process efficiency and design laser welds which display deep penetration and high depth to width aspect ratios, reduced occurrence of defects and enhanced melting. Of particular interest to laser welding is the enhancement of energy coupling to highly reflective materials. The weld joint is designed to act as an optical element which propagates and concentrates the laser energy deep within the joint to be welded. Experimentation has shown that it is possible to produce welds using multiple passes to achieve deep penetration and high depth to width aspect ratios without the use of filler material. The enhanced laser melting and welding of aluminum has been demonstrated.more » Optimization through modeling and experimental validation has resulted in the development of a laser welding process variant we refer to as Ultra-Narrow Gap Laser Welding.« less

Authors:
;  [1];  [2]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)
  2. Opticad Corp., Santa Fe, New Mexico (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
149995
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-95-3424; CONF-9511146-2
ON: DE96002457
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-36
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 14. international congress on applications of lasers and electro-optics, San Diego, CA (United States), 13-16 Nov 1995; Other Information: PBD: [1995]
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 99 MATHEMATICS, COMPUTERS, INFORMATION SCIENCE, MANAGEMENT, LAW, MISCELLANEOUS; LASER WELDING; MATHEMATICAL MODELS; STAINLESS STEEL-304; WELDED JOINTS; OPTICS; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; PERSONAL COMPUTERS; FOCUSING

Citation Formats

Milewski, J, Keel, G, and Sklar, E. Modeling and validation of multiple joint reflections for ultra- narrow gap laser welding. United States: N. p., 1995. Web.
Milewski, J, Keel, G, & Sklar, E. Modeling and validation of multiple joint reflections for ultra- narrow gap laser welding. United States.
Milewski, J, Keel, G, and Sklar, E. Fri . "Modeling and validation of multiple joint reflections for ultra- narrow gap laser welding". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/149995.
@article{osti_149995,
title = {Modeling and validation of multiple joint reflections for ultra- narrow gap laser welding},
author = {Milewski, J and Keel, G and Sklar, E},
abstractNote = {The effects of multiple internal reflections within a laser weld joint as a function of joint geometry and processing conditions have been characterized. A computer model utilizing optical ray tracing is used to predict the reflective propagation of laser beam energy focused into the narrow gap of a metal joint for the purpose of predicting the location of melting and coalescence which form the weld. The model allows quantitative analysis of the effects of changes to joint geometry, laser design, materials and processing variables. This analysis method is proposed as a way to enhance process efficiency and design laser welds which display deep penetration and high depth to width aspect ratios, reduced occurrence of defects and enhanced melting. Of particular interest to laser welding is the enhancement of energy coupling to highly reflective materials. The weld joint is designed to act as an optical element which propagates and concentrates the laser energy deep within the joint to be welded. Experimentation has shown that it is possible to produce welds using multiple passes to achieve deep penetration and high depth to width aspect ratios without the use of filler material. The enhanced laser melting and welding of aluminum has been demonstrated. Optimization through modeling and experimental validation has resulted in the development of a laser welding process variant we refer to as Ultra-Narrow Gap Laser Welding.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1995},
month = {12}
}

Conference:
Other availability
Please see Document Availability for additional information on obtaining the full-text document. Library patrons may search WorldCat to identify libraries that hold this conference proceeding.

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