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Title: Exact Optimal Power Dispatch in Unbalanced Distribution Systems With High PV Penetration

Abstract

Smart inverters provide additional control capability to help optimize the operation of distribution systems. This paper proposes a framework for exact optimal active and reactive power dispatch of distributed photovoltaic (PV) generation, switched capacitors, and tap changers in large multi-phase unbalanced distribution systems. The objectives of the optimal dispatch are minimization of the energy loss, PV active power curtailment, and capacitor and tap changer switching operations, in addition to elimination of voltage violations and reverse power flow. The optimization problem is formulated in rectangular coordinates as a nonlinear, nonconvex problem. Effective computational strategies are proposed to allow the application of predictorcorrector primal-dual interior point method to solve optimization problems in real-time with a large number of constraints and variables, including discrete variables corresponding to switched capacitors and tap changers. The accuracy of the numerical solution and the ability to implement the proposed framework are validated using the unbalanced multi-phase IEEE 34-bus and EPRI 2,998-bus distribution systems with 15-minute load and PV data. The results show a significant loss reduction and complete removal of both voltage violations and reverse power flow.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1497005
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-137706
Journal ID: ISSN 0885-8950
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
IEEE Transactions on Power Systems
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 34; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0885-8950
Publisher:
IEEE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Nguyen, Quan, Padullaparti, Harsha V., Lao, Keng-Weng, Santoso, Surya, Ke, Xinda, and Samaan, Nader. Exact Optimal Power Dispatch in Unbalanced Distribution Systems With High PV Penetration. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1109/TPWRS.2018.2869195.
Nguyen, Quan, Padullaparti, Harsha V., Lao, Keng-Weng, Santoso, Surya, Ke, Xinda, & Samaan, Nader. Exact Optimal Power Dispatch in Unbalanced Distribution Systems With High PV Penetration. United States. doi:10.1109/TPWRS.2018.2869195.
Nguyen, Quan, Padullaparti, Harsha V., Lao, Keng-Weng, Santoso, Surya, Ke, Xinda, and Samaan, Nader. Tue . "Exact Optimal Power Dispatch in Unbalanced Distribution Systems With High PV Penetration". United States. doi:10.1109/TPWRS.2018.2869195.
@article{osti_1497005,
title = {Exact Optimal Power Dispatch in Unbalanced Distribution Systems With High PV Penetration},
author = {Nguyen, Quan and Padullaparti, Harsha V. and Lao, Keng-Weng and Santoso, Surya and Ke, Xinda and Samaan, Nader},
abstractNote = {Smart inverters provide additional control capability to help optimize the operation of distribution systems. This paper proposes a framework for exact optimal active and reactive power dispatch of distributed photovoltaic (PV) generation, switched capacitors, and tap changers in large multi-phase unbalanced distribution systems. The objectives of the optimal dispatch are minimization of the energy loss, PV active power curtailment, and capacitor and tap changer switching operations, in addition to elimination of voltage violations and reverse power flow. The optimization problem is formulated in rectangular coordinates as a nonlinear, nonconvex problem. Effective computational strategies are proposed to allow the application of predictorcorrector primal-dual interior point method to solve optimization problems in real-time with a large number of constraints and variables, including discrete variables corresponding to switched capacitors and tap changers. The accuracy of the numerical solution and the ability to implement the proposed framework are validated using the unbalanced multi-phase IEEE 34-bus and EPRI 2,998-bus distribution systems with 15-minute load and PV data. The results show a significant loss reduction and complete removal of both voltage violations and reverse power flow.},
doi = {10.1109/TPWRS.2018.2869195},
journal = {IEEE Transactions on Power Systems},
issn = {0885-8950},
number = 1,
volume = 34,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {1}
}