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Title: Effects of four-mode hydrothermal aging on three-way catalysts for passive selective catalytic reduction to control emissions from lean-burn gasoline engine

Abstract

Passive selective catalytic reduction (SCR) is a promising approach for the control of NOX emissions in lean burn gasoline exhausts. It requires ammonia (NH3) to be produced over a three-way catalyst (TWC) during periods of fuel-rich operation for the reduction of NOX during periods of fuel-lean operation. Previous research has shown the viability of this system but has not examined the effects of hydrothermal degradation. This work is focused on evaluating the effects of hydrothermal aging on the TWC in a passive SCR system. Two catalysts were studied: a Pd-TWC, and a NOX storage and reduction (NSR) TWC. Samples were aged at 920 °C for 100 h using a four-mode hydrothermal aging procedure. This causes the catalyst to be oxidized and reduced, as it would in a real system. The effects of aging were evaluated using simulated exhaust under both steady state and lean-rich cycling conditions. Hydrothermal aging caused significant changes in catalyst activity, leading to a decrease in low temperature conversion of carbon monoxide (CO) and propane (C3H8) on both catalysts, and degradation of oxygen storage and NOX storage components. Furthermore, the catalysts maintained their activity for NOX conversion and NH3 production, showing sufficient activity for the operation ofmore » a passive SCR with an optimum projected fuel consumption of 92–98% compared to stoichiometric operation.« less

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [2];  [1]
  1. Univ. of South Carolina, Columbia, SC (United States)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1494010
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Applied Catalysis B: Environmental
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 244; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0926-3373
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; Passive selective catalytic reduction; Hydrothermal aging; Three-way catalyst

Citation Formats

Thomas, Calvin R., Pihl, Josh A., Lance, Michael J., Toops, Todd J., Parks, II, James E., and Lauterbach, Jochen. Effects of four-mode hydrothermal aging on three-way catalysts for passive selective catalytic reduction to control emissions from lean-burn gasoline engine. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1016/j.apcatb.2018.11.051.
Thomas, Calvin R., Pihl, Josh A., Lance, Michael J., Toops, Todd J., Parks, II, James E., & Lauterbach, Jochen. Effects of four-mode hydrothermal aging on three-way catalysts for passive selective catalytic reduction to control emissions from lean-burn gasoline engine. United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2018.11.051
Thomas, Calvin R., Pihl, Josh A., Lance, Michael J., Toops, Todd J., Parks, II, James E., and Lauterbach, Jochen. 2018. "Effects of four-mode hydrothermal aging on three-way catalysts for passive selective catalytic reduction to control emissions from lean-burn gasoline engine". United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2018.11.051. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1494010.
@article{osti_1494010,
title = {Effects of four-mode hydrothermal aging on three-way catalysts for passive selective catalytic reduction to control emissions from lean-burn gasoline engine},
author = {Thomas, Calvin R. and Pihl, Josh A. and Lance, Michael J. and Toops, Todd J. and Parks, II, James E. and Lauterbach, Jochen},
abstractNote = {Passive selective catalytic reduction (SCR) is a promising approach for the control of NOX emissions in lean burn gasoline exhausts. It requires ammonia (NH3) to be produced over a three-way catalyst (TWC) during periods of fuel-rich operation for the reduction of NOX during periods of fuel-lean operation. Previous research has shown the viability of this system but has not examined the effects of hydrothermal degradation. This work is focused on evaluating the effects of hydrothermal aging on the TWC in a passive SCR system. Two catalysts were studied: a Pd-TWC, and a NOX storage and reduction (NSR) TWC. Samples were aged at 920 °C for 100 h using a four-mode hydrothermal aging procedure. This causes the catalyst to be oxidized and reduced, as it would in a real system. The effects of aging were evaluated using simulated exhaust under both steady state and lean-rich cycling conditions. Hydrothermal aging caused significant changes in catalyst activity, leading to a decrease in low temperature conversion of carbon monoxide (CO) and propane (C3H8) on both catalysts, and degradation of oxygen storage and NOX storage components. Furthermore, the catalysts maintained their activity for NOX conversion and NH3 production, showing sufficient activity for the operation of a passive SCR with an optimum projected fuel consumption of 92–98% compared to stoichiometric operation.},
doi = {10.1016/j.apcatb.2018.11.051},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1494010}, journal = {Applied Catalysis B: Environmental},
issn = {0926-3373},
number = C,
volume = 244,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {11}
}

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