skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Photonic thermal management of coloured objects

Abstract

The colours of outdoor structures, such as automobiles, buildings and clothing, are typically chosen for functional or aesthetic reasons. With a chosen colour, however, one must control the radiative thermal load for heating or cooling purposes. Here we provide a comprehensive calculation of the tunable range of radiative thermal load for all colours. The range exceeds 680 Wm –2 for all colours, and can be as high as 866 Wm –2, resulting from effects of metamerism, infrared solar absorption and radiative cooling. We experimentally demonstrate that two photonic structures with the same pink colour can have their temperatures differ by 47.6 °C under sunlight. These structures are over 20 °C either cooler or hotter than a commercial paint with a comparable colour. Furthermore, the hotter pink structure is 10 °C hotter than a commercial black paint. Here, these results elucidate the fundamental potentials of photonic thermal management for coloured objects.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [2];  [1]
  1. Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering, Ginzton Lab.
  2. Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering, Ginzton Lab.; Southeast Univ., Nanjing (China). School of Mechanical Engineering
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion (LMI); California Inst. of Tech., Pasadena, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1483402
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0001293
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING

Citation Formats

Li, Wei, Shi, Yu, Chen, Zhen, and Fan, Shanhui. Photonic thermal management of coloured objects. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-06535-0.
Li, Wei, Shi, Yu, Chen, Zhen, & Fan, Shanhui. Photonic thermal management of coloured objects. United States. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-06535-0.
Li, Wei, Shi, Yu, Chen, Zhen, and Fan, Shanhui. Fri . "Photonic thermal management of coloured objects". United States. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-06535-0. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1483402.
@article{osti_1483402,
title = {Photonic thermal management of coloured objects},
author = {Li, Wei and Shi, Yu and Chen, Zhen and Fan, Shanhui},
abstractNote = {The colours of outdoor structures, such as automobiles, buildings and clothing, are typically chosen for functional or aesthetic reasons. With a chosen colour, however, one must control the radiative thermal load for heating or cooling purposes. Here we provide a comprehensive calculation of the tunable range of radiative thermal load for all colours. The range exceeds 680 Wm–2 for all colours, and can be as high as 866 Wm–2, resulting from effects of metamerism, infrared solar absorption and radiative cooling. We experimentally demonstrate that two photonic structures with the same pink colour can have their temperatures differ by 47.6 °C under sunlight. These structures are over 20 °C either cooler or hotter than a commercial paint with a comparable colour. Furthermore, the hotter pink structure is 10 °C hotter than a commercial black paint. Here, these results elucidate the fundamental potentials of photonic thermal management for coloured objects.},
doi = {10.1038/s41467-018-06535-0},
journal = {Nature Communications},
issn = {2041-1723},
number = 1,
volume = 9,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 5 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Taming the Blackbody with Infrared Metamaterials as Selective Thermal Emitters
journal, July 2011


Enabling high-temperature nanophotonics for energy applications
journal, January 2012

  • Yeng, Y. X.; Ghebrebrhan, M.; Bermel, P.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 109, Issue 7, p. 2280-2285
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1120149109

Coloured paints based on coated flakes of metal as the pigment, for enhanced solar reflectance and cooler interiors: description and theory
journal, September 2003


Conversion of broadband to narrowband thermal emission through energy recycling
journal, July 2012


Franklin's Experiments on Heat Absorption as a Function of Color
journal, July 1943


Passive radiative cooling below ambient air temperature under direct sunlight
journal, November 2014

  • Raman, Aaswath P.; Anoma, Marc Abou; Zhu, Linxiao
  • Nature, Vol. 515, Issue 7528, p. 540-544
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature13883

High performance colored selective absorbers for architecturally integrated solar applications
journal, January 2015

  • Chen, Feiliang; Wang, Shao-Wei; Liu, Xingxing
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 3, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5TA00694E

Thermal Photonics and Energy Applications
journal, October 2017


How the CIE 1931 color-matching functions were derived from Wright-Guild data
journal, February 1997


MODTRAN5: 2006 update
conference, May 2006

  • Berk, Alexander; Anderson, Gail P.; Acharya, Prabhat K.
  • Defense and Security Symposium, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.665077

Scalable-manufactured randomized glass-polymer hybrid metamaterial for daytime radiative cooling
journal, February 2017


Solar collectors with colored absorbers
journal, January 2000


Coherent emission of light by thermal sources
journal, March 2002

  • Greffet, Jean-Jacques; Carminati, Rémi; Joulain, Karl
  • Nature, Vol. 416, Issue 6876, p. 61-64
  • DOI: 10.1038/416061a

Tailoring high-temperature radiation and the resurrection of the incandescent source
journal, January 2016


Coloured paints based on iron oxide and silicon oxide coated flakes of aluminium as the pigment, for energy efficient paint: optical and thermal experiments
journal, September 2003


Nanophotonic control of thermal radiation for energy applications [Invited]
journal, January 2018


A Comprehensive Photonic Approach for Solar Cell Cooling
journal, March 2017


Colorful solar selective absorber integrated with different colored units
journal, December 2015

  • Chen, Feiliang; Wang, Shao-Wei; Liu, Xingxing
  • Optics Express, Vol. 24, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.24.000A92

Optimization of Multilayer Optical Films with a Memetic Algorithm and Mixed Integer Programming
journal, December 2017


Radiative cooling to low temperatures: General considerations and application to selectively emitting SiO films
journal, June 1981

  • Granqvist, C. G.; Hjortsberg, A.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 52, Issue 6, p. 4205-4220
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.329270

Large-Scale Nanophotonic Solar Selective Absorbers for High-Efficiency Solar Thermal Energy Conversion
journal, July 2015


On the development, optical properties and thermal performance of cool colored coatings for the urban environment
journal, April 2007


Heat Stress and Public Health: A Critical Review
journal, April 2008


Color-preserving daytime radiative cooling
journal, November 2013

  • Zhu, Linxiao; Raman, Aaswath; Fan, Shanhui
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 103, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4835995

The radiative cooling of selective surfaces
journal, May 1975


Radiative Heat Pumping from the Earth Using Surface Phonon Resonant Nanoparticles
journal, February 2010

  • Gentle, A. R.; Smith, G. B.
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 10, Issue 2, p. 373-379
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl903271d