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Title: First beam tests of prototype silicon modules for the CMS High Granularity Endcap Calorimeter

Abstract

The High Luminosity phase of the Large Hadron Collider will deliver 10 times more integrated luminosity than the existing collider, posing significant challenges for radiation tolerance and event pileup on detectors, especially for forward calorimetry. As part of its upgrade program, the Compact Muon Solenoid collaboration is designing a high-granularity calorimeter (HGCAL) to replace the existing endcap calorimeters. It will feature unprecedented transverse and longitudinal readout and triggering segmentation for both electromagnetic and hadronic sections. The electromagnetic section and a large fraction of the hadronic section will be based on hexagonal silicon sensors of 0.5–1 cm 2 cell size, with the remainder of the hadronic section being based on highly-segmented scintillators with silicon photomultiplier readout. The intrinsic high-precision timing capabilities of the silicon sensors will add an extra dimension to event reconstruction, especially in terms of pileup rejection. First hexagonal silicon modules, using the existing Skiroc2 front-end ASIC developed for CALICE, have been tested in beams at Fermilab and CERN in 2016. Here, we present results from these tests, in terms of system stability, calibration with minimum-ionizing particles and resolution (energy, position and timing) for electrons, and the comparisons of these quantities with GEANT4-based simulation.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [8];  [8];  [8];  [9];  [8];  [10];  [11];  [7];  [12];  [9];  [3];  [2] more »;  [5];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [12];  [13];  [8];  [8];  [2];  [14];  [8];  [5];  [6];  [1];  [8];  [12];  [15];  [16];  [16];  [2];  [3];  [17];  [10];  [3];  [13];  [3];  [3];  [18];  [1];  [12];  [3];  [3];  [19];  [6];  [10];  [19];  [5];  [3];  [20];  [3];  [8];  [21];  [10];  [3];  [9];  [16];  [22];  [2];  [9];  [3];  [10];  [19];  [3];  [7];  [4];  [18];  [16];  [19];  [12];  [5];  [8];  [16];  [5] « less
  1. Texas Tech Univ., Lubbock, TX (United States)
  2. Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
  3. European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Geneva (Switzerland)
  4. Univ. of Iowa, Iowa City, IA (United States)
  5. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States)
  6. Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States)
  7. Organization for Microelectronics design and Applications (OMEGA), Palaiseau (France)
  8. National Central Univ., Chung-Li (Taiwan)
  9. Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (United States)
  10. National Taiwan Univ., Taipei (Taiwan)
  11. European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Geneva (Switzerland); Univ. de Cantabria, Cantabria (Spain)
  12. Univ. of California, Santa Barbara, CA (United States)
  13. Tata Institute for Fundamental Research, Bombay (India)
  14. Cukurova Univ., Adana (Turkey)
  15. Boston Univ., Boston, MA (United States)
  16. Institute for High Energy Physics, Beijing (China)
  17. Lab. Leprince-Ringuet, Palaiseau (France)
  18. Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London (United Kingdom)
  19. Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States)
  20. Univ. of Pavia, Pavia (Italy)
  21. Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL (United States)
  22. Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kolkata (India)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
OSTI Identifier:
1481262
Report Number(s):
FERMILAB-CONF-18-595-CMS
Journal ID: ISSN 1748-0221; 1700246
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Instrumentation
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 13; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 1748-0221
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; Calorimeters; Performance of High Energy Physics Detectors; Si microstrip and pad detectors; Large detector systems for particle and astroparticle physics

Citation Formats

Akchurin, N., Apreysan, A., Banerjee, S., Barney, D., Bilki, B., Bornheim, A., Bueghly, J., Callier, S., Candelise, V., Chang, Y. -H., Chang, Y. -W., Chatterjee, R., Cheng, K-Y., Chien, C-H., Rivera, E. Curras, Taille, C. de la, Eckdahl, J., Frahm, E., Frank, N., Freeman, J., Gawerc, D., Gecse, Z., Ginghu, C., Gonzalez, H., Hawke, T., Incandela, J., Jain, S., Jain, S., Jheng, H. -R., Jonas, M., Kara, O., Khurana, R., Kopp, G., Kumar, A., Kunori, S., Kuo, C. -M., Kyre, S., Lazic, D., Li, B., Liao, H., Lipton, R., Linssen, L., Lobanov, A., Lu, R. -S., Maier, A., Majumder, G., Mannelli, M., Martelli, A., Mastrolorenzo, L., Mengke, T., Miller, M., Moll, M., Morant, J., Mudholkar, T., Odell, N., Paganis, E., Paulini, M., Pena, C., Petiot, P., Pezzotti, L., Pitters, F., Pozdnyakov, A., Prosper, H., Psallidas, A., Quast, T., Quinn, R., Romeo, F., Roy, A., Rubinov, P., Rusack, R., Sicking, E., Steen, A., Sun, M., Tarasov, I., Thienpont, D., Tiras, E., Virdee, T., Wang, F., Weinberg, M., White, D., Xie, S., Yu, S. -S., Zhang, H., and Zhang, Z. First beam tests of prototype silicon modules for the CMS High Granularity Endcap Calorimeter. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1088/1748-0221/13/10/P10023.
Akchurin, N., Apreysan, A., Banerjee, S., Barney, D., Bilki, B., Bornheim, A., Bueghly, J., Callier, S., Candelise, V., Chang, Y. -H., Chang, Y. -W., Chatterjee, R., Cheng, K-Y., Chien, C-H., Rivera, E. Curras, Taille, C. de la, Eckdahl, J., Frahm, E., Frank, N., Freeman, J., Gawerc, D., Gecse, Z., Ginghu, C., Gonzalez, H., Hawke, T., Incandela, J., Jain, S., Jain, S., Jheng, H. -R., Jonas, M., Kara, O., Khurana, R., Kopp, G., Kumar, A., Kunori, S., Kuo, C. -M., Kyre, S., Lazic, D., Li, B., Liao, H., Lipton, R., Linssen, L., Lobanov, A., Lu, R. -S., Maier, A., Majumder, G., Mannelli, M., Martelli, A., Mastrolorenzo, L., Mengke, T., Miller, M., Moll, M., Morant, J., Mudholkar, T., Odell, N., Paganis, E., Paulini, M., Pena, C., Petiot, P., Pezzotti, L., Pitters, F., Pozdnyakov, A., Prosper, H., Psallidas, A., Quast, T., Quinn, R., Romeo, F., Roy, A., Rubinov, P., Rusack, R., Sicking, E., Steen, A., Sun, M., Tarasov, I., Thienpont, D., Tiras, E., Virdee, T., Wang, F., Weinberg, M., White, D., Xie, S., Yu, S. -S., Zhang, H., & Zhang, Z. First beam tests of prototype silicon modules for the CMS High Granularity Endcap Calorimeter. United States. doi:10.1088/1748-0221/13/10/P10023.
Akchurin, N., Apreysan, A., Banerjee, S., Barney, D., Bilki, B., Bornheim, A., Bueghly, J., Callier, S., Candelise, V., Chang, Y. -H., Chang, Y. -W., Chatterjee, R., Cheng, K-Y., Chien, C-H., Rivera, E. Curras, Taille, C. de la, Eckdahl, J., Frahm, E., Frank, N., Freeman, J., Gawerc, D., Gecse, Z., Ginghu, C., Gonzalez, H., Hawke, T., Incandela, J., Jain, S., Jain, S., Jheng, H. -R., Jonas, M., Kara, O., Khurana, R., Kopp, G., Kumar, A., Kunori, S., Kuo, C. -M., Kyre, S., Lazic, D., Li, B., Liao, H., Lipton, R., Linssen, L., Lobanov, A., Lu, R. -S., Maier, A., Majumder, G., Mannelli, M., Martelli, A., Mastrolorenzo, L., Mengke, T., Miller, M., Moll, M., Morant, J., Mudholkar, T., Odell, N., Paganis, E., Paulini, M., Pena, C., Petiot, P., Pezzotti, L., Pitters, F., Pozdnyakov, A., Prosper, H., Psallidas, A., Quast, T., Quinn, R., Romeo, F., Roy, A., Rubinov, P., Rusack, R., Sicking, E., Steen, A., Sun, M., Tarasov, I., Thienpont, D., Tiras, E., Virdee, T., Wang, F., Weinberg, M., White, D., Xie, S., Yu, S. -S., Zhang, H., and Zhang, Z. Thu . "First beam tests of prototype silicon modules for the CMS High Granularity Endcap Calorimeter". United States. doi:10.1088/1748-0221/13/10/P10023. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1481262.
@article{osti_1481262,
title = {First beam tests of prototype silicon modules for the CMS High Granularity Endcap Calorimeter},
author = {Akchurin, N. and Apreysan, A. and Banerjee, S. and Barney, D. and Bilki, B. and Bornheim, A. and Bueghly, J. and Callier, S. and Candelise, V. and Chang, Y. -H. and Chang, Y. -W. and Chatterjee, R. and Cheng, K-Y. and Chien, C-H. and Rivera, E. Curras and Taille, C. de la and Eckdahl, J. and Frahm, E. and Frank, N. and Freeman, J. and Gawerc, D. and Gecse, Z. and Ginghu, C. and Gonzalez, H. and Hawke, T. and Incandela, J. and Jain, S. and Jain, S. and Jheng, H. -R. and Jonas, M. and Kara, O. and Khurana, R. and Kopp, G. and Kumar, A. and Kunori, S. and Kuo, C. -M. and Kyre, S. and Lazic, D. and Li, B. and Liao, H. and Lipton, R. and Linssen, L. and Lobanov, A. and Lu, R. -S. and Maier, A. and Majumder, G. and Mannelli, M. and Martelli, A. and Mastrolorenzo, L. and Mengke, T. and Miller, M. and Moll, M. and Morant, J. and Mudholkar, T. and Odell, N. and Paganis, E. and Paulini, M. and Pena, C. and Petiot, P. and Pezzotti, L. and Pitters, F. and Pozdnyakov, A. and Prosper, H. and Psallidas, A. and Quast, T. and Quinn, R. and Romeo, F. and Roy, A. and Rubinov, P. and Rusack, R. and Sicking, E. and Steen, A. and Sun, M. and Tarasov, I. and Thienpont, D. and Tiras, E. and Virdee, T. and Wang, F. and Weinberg, M. and White, D. and Xie, S. and Yu, S. -S. and Zhang, H. and Zhang, Z.},
abstractNote = {The High Luminosity phase of the Large Hadron Collider will deliver 10 times more integrated luminosity than the existing collider, posing significant challenges for radiation tolerance and event pileup on detectors, especially for forward calorimetry. As part of its upgrade program, the Compact Muon Solenoid collaboration is designing a high-granularity calorimeter (HGCAL) to replace the existing endcap calorimeters. It will feature unprecedented transverse and longitudinal readout and triggering segmentation for both electromagnetic and hadronic sections. The electromagnetic section and a large fraction of the hadronic section will be based on hexagonal silicon sensors of 0.5–1 cm2 cell size, with the remainder of the hadronic section being based on highly-segmented scintillators with silicon photomultiplier readout. The intrinsic high-precision timing capabilities of the silicon sensors will add an extra dimension to event reconstruction, especially in terms of pileup rejection. First hexagonal silicon modules, using the existing Skiroc2 front-end ASIC developed for CALICE, have been tested in beams at Fermilab and CERN in 2016. Here, we present results from these tests, in terms of system stability, calibration with minimum-ionizing particles and resolution (energy, position and timing) for electrons, and the comparisons of these quantities with GEANT4-based simulation.},
doi = {10.1088/1748-0221/13/10/P10023},
journal = {Journal of Instrumentation},
issn = {1748-0221},
number = 10,
volume = 13,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {10}
}

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