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Title: The ARGUS Solution Reactor and Molybdenum Production: A Summary Report Based on Open Literature

Abstract

The (Aqueous Homogeneous Reactor) AHR was conceptualized at Los Alamos for work in advancing weapon design with initial experiments completed at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in the early 1940s and 1950s. The reactor design was discovered to be an efficient mean of production for medical radio isotopes (e.g. molybdenum-99 and other fission products) due to its streamlined process of extracting target radioactive sources from the fissile solution via a separation system. As the demand for medical radioisotopes has increased so has the need for a safe and low cost isotope source, the most commonly used of which is technetium-99m (99m Tc), daughter product from molybdenum decay. Studies indicate solution reactors pose a significantly lower hazard to the workers, public and environment, compared to other modern reactors (International Atomic Energy Agency 2008). The inherent safety and ability to selectively extract radionuclides from its fuel solution make AHRs particularly well suited for medical isotope production. This discussion narrows its focus to one of the longest running aqueous homogeneous reactor systems, ARGUS. A study of the conversion of ARGUS to a low-enriched uranyl (LEU) sulfate fuel solution was part of the Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI)more » program. The goal of this paper is to provide a summary of the ARGUS reactor system based on open literature available.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1477623
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-18-29657
DOE Contract Number:  
AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
Solution Reactor review report; Mo99 production

Citation Formats

Kim, Seung Jun, Naranjo, Mario Reyes, and Wilkerson, Robert Blake. The ARGUS Solution Reactor and Molybdenum Production: A Summary Report Based on Open Literature. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.2172/1477623.
Kim, Seung Jun, Naranjo, Mario Reyes, & Wilkerson, Robert Blake. The ARGUS Solution Reactor and Molybdenum Production: A Summary Report Based on Open Literature. United States. doi:10.2172/1477623.
Kim, Seung Jun, Naranjo, Mario Reyes, and Wilkerson, Robert Blake. Thu . "The ARGUS Solution Reactor and Molybdenum Production: A Summary Report Based on Open Literature". United States. doi:10.2172/1477623. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1477623.
@article{osti_1477623,
title = {The ARGUS Solution Reactor and Molybdenum Production: A Summary Report Based on Open Literature},
author = {Kim, Seung Jun and Naranjo, Mario Reyes and Wilkerson, Robert Blake},
abstractNote = {The (Aqueous Homogeneous Reactor) AHR was conceptualized at Los Alamos for work in advancing weapon design with initial experiments completed at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in the early 1940s and 1950s. The reactor design was discovered to be an efficient mean of production for medical radio isotopes (e.g. molybdenum-99 and other fission products) due to its streamlined process of extracting target radioactive sources from the fissile solution via a separation system. As the demand for medical radioisotopes has increased so has the need for a safe and low cost isotope source, the most commonly used of which is technetium-99m (99m Tc), daughter product from molybdenum decay. Studies indicate solution reactors pose a significantly lower hazard to the workers, public and environment, compared to other modern reactors (International Atomic Energy Agency 2008). The inherent safety and ability to selectively extract radionuclides from its fuel solution make AHRs particularly well suited for medical isotope production. This discussion narrows its focus to one of the longest running aqueous homogeneous reactor systems, ARGUS. A study of the conversion of ARGUS to a low-enriched uranyl (LEU) sulfate fuel solution was part of the Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI) program. The goal of this paper is to provide a summary of the ARGUS reactor system based on open literature available.},
doi = {10.2172/1477623},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {10}
}

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