skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Fundamental Understanding and Material Challenges in Rechargeable Nonaqueous Li-O 2 Batteries: Recent Progress and Perspective

Abstract

Energy storage challenges have triggered growing interest in various battery technologies and electrocatalysis. As a particularly promising variety, the Li–O 2 battery with an extremely high energy density is of great significance, offering tremendous opportunities to improve cell performance via understanding catalytic mechanisms and the exploration of new materials. Furthermore, focus on nonaqueous electrolyte–based Li–O 2 batteries has markedly intensified since there could be a higher probability of commercialization, compared to that of solid–state or aqueous electrolytes. The recent advancements of the nonaqueous Li–O 2 battery in terms of fundamental understanding and material challenges, including electrolyte stability, water effect, and noncarbon cathode materials are summarized in this review. Further, the current status of water impact on discharge products, possible mechanisms, and parasitic reactions in nonaqueous electrolytes are reviewed for the first time. The key challenges of noncarbon oxygen electrode materials, such as noble metals and metal oxide–based cathodes, transition metals, transition metal compounds (carbides, oxides) based cathodes as well as noncarbon supported catalysts are discussed. In conclusion, this review concludes with a perspective on future research directions for nonaqueous Li–O 2 batteries.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States)
  2. Univ. of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON (Canada)
  3. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States); Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam (Saudi Arabia); Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V); USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1471419
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1439402
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Advanced Energy Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 22; Journal ID: ISSN 1614-6832
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 25 ENERGY STORAGE; Li-O2 batteries; electrode materials; electrolytes; nonaqueous

Citation Formats

Ma, Lu, Yu, Tongwen, Tzoganakis, Evangelos, Amine, Khalil, Wu, Tianpin, Chen, Zhongwei, and Lu, Jun. Fundamental Understanding and Material Challenges in Rechargeable Nonaqueous Li-O2 Batteries: Recent Progress and Perspective. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1002/aenm.201800348.
Ma, Lu, Yu, Tongwen, Tzoganakis, Evangelos, Amine, Khalil, Wu, Tianpin, Chen, Zhongwei, & Lu, Jun. Fundamental Understanding and Material Challenges in Rechargeable Nonaqueous Li-O2 Batteries: Recent Progress and Perspective. United States. https://doi.org/10.1002/aenm.201800348
Ma, Lu, Yu, Tongwen, Tzoganakis, Evangelos, Amine, Khalil, Wu, Tianpin, Chen, Zhongwei, and Lu, Jun. Tue . "Fundamental Understanding and Material Challenges in Rechargeable Nonaqueous Li-O2 Batteries: Recent Progress and Perspective". United States. https://doi.org/10.1002/aenm.201800348. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1471419.
@article{osti_1471419,
title = {Fundamental Understanding and Material Challenges in Rechargeable Nonaqueous Li-O2 Batteries: Recent Progress and Perspective},
author = {Ma, Lu and Yu, Tongwen and Tzoganakis, Evangelos and Amine, Khalil and Wu, Tianpin and Chen, Zhongwei and Lu, Jun},
abstractNote = {Energy storage challenges have triggered growing interest in various battery technologies and electrocatalysis. As a particularly promising variety, the Li–O2 battery with an extremely high energy density is of great significance, offering tremendous opportunities to improve cell performance via understanding catalytic mechanisms and the exploration of new materials. Furthermore, focus on nonaqueous electrolyte–based Li–O2 batteries has markedly intensified since there could be a higher probability of commercialization, compared to that of solid–state or aqueous electrolytes. The recent advancements of the nonaqueous Li–O2 battery in terms of fundamental understanding and material challenges, including electrolyte stability, water effect, and noncarbon cathode materials are summarized in this review. Further, the current status of water impact on discharge products, possible mechanisms, and parasitic reactions in nonaqueous electrolytes are reviewed for the first time. The key challenges of noncarbon oxygen electrode materials, such as noble metals and metal oxide–based cathodes, transition metals, transition metal compounds (carbides, oxides) based cathodes as well as noncarbon supported catalysts are discussed. In conclusion, this review concludes with a perspective on future research directions for nonaqueous Li–O2 batteries.},
doi = {10.1002/aenm.201800348},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1471419}, journal = {Advanced Energy Materials},
issn = {1614-6832},
number = 22,
volume = 8,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 19 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: (a) Field emission scanning electron microscopic (FESEM) images of the discharged SP cathode when the discharge capacity is limited to 3,000 mAh g 1. White scale bars, 1 μm. Green scale bars, 400 nm. (b) The FESEM images of the discharged HSC deposited onto CP cathode. White scalemore » bars, 1 μm. Green scale bars, 400 nm. (c) The images of the discharged P-HSC deposited onto CP cathode. White scale bars, 1 μm. Green scale bars, 400 nm. The insets in a-c are the corresponding enlarged FESEM images. (d) Corresponding PXRD patterns of the three kinds of discharged cathode. It is found that the PXRD peaks can be assigned to Li 2O 2, although the morphology of the discharge product is different. Reproduced with permission. Copyright 2013, Nature Publishing Group.« less

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Graphene, related two-dimensional crystals, and hybrid systems for energy conversion and storage
journal, January 2015


A Reversible and Higher-Rate Li-O2 Battery
journal, July 2012


Metal-Air Batteries with High Energy Density: Li-Air versus Zn-Air
journal, December 2010


The effects of moisture contamination in the Li-O2 battery
journal, December 2014


Regulated Breathing Effect of Silicon Negative Electrode for Dramatically Enhanced Performance of Li-Ion Battery
journal, January 2015


Li–air batteries: Importance of singlet oxygen
journal, April 2017


An aqueous, polymer-based redox-flow battery using non-corrosive, safe and low-cost materials
journal, October 2015


Monodisperse SnSb nanocrystals for Li-ion and Na-ion battery anodes: synergy and dissonance between Sn and Sb
journal, January 2015


Ultrafast and Directional Diffusion of Lithium in Phosphorene for High-Performance Lithium-Ion Battery
journal, February 2015


High Anodic Performance of Co 1,3,5-Benzenetricarboxylate Coordination Polymers for Li-Ion Battery
journal, May 2016


The Role of Electrolyte Solvent Stability and Electrolyte Impurities in the Electrooxidation of Li 2 O 2 in Li-O 2 Batteries
journal, January 2014


Reversibility of Noble Metal-Catalyzed Aprotic Li-O 2 Batteries
journal, November 2015


Monodisperse Antimony Nanocrystals for High-Rate Li-ion and Na-ion Battery Anodes: Nano versus Bulk
journal, February 2014


Mechanism of Oxygen Reduction in Aprotic Li–Air Batteries: The Role of Carbon Electrode Surface Structure
journal, January 2017


An oxygen cathode with stable full discharge–charge capability based on 2D conducting oxide
journal, January 2015


Selective Deposition of Ru Nanoparticles on TiSi 2 Nanonet and Its Utilization for Li 2 O 2 Formation and Decomposition
journal, June 2014


Three Dimensionally Ordered Mesoporous Carbon as a Stable, High-Performance Li-O 2 Battery Cathode
journal, February 2015


Aprotic and Aqueous Li–O2 Batteries
journal, April 2014


Dendrimer-Encapsulated Ruthenium Oxide Nanoparticles as Catalysts in Lithium-Oxygen Batteries
journal, September 2014


Electrical energy storage systems: A comparative life cycle cost analysis
journal, February 2015


Surface Acidity as Descriptor of Catalytic Activity for Oxygen Evolution Reaction in Li-O 2 Battery
journal, October 2015


Carbon-Free AZO/Ru Cathode for Li-Air Batteries
journal, January 2015


Li-ion battery materials: present and future
journal, June 2015


A core–shell-structured TiO 2 (B) nanofiber@porous RuO 2 composite as a carbon-free catalytic cathode for Li–O 2 batteries
journal, January 2015


The effect of water on discharge product growth and chemistry in Li–O 2 batteries
journal, January 2016


Review of energy storage system for wind power integration support
journal, January 2015


Carbon-free (Co, Mn) 3 O 4 nanowires@Ni electrodes for lithium–oxygen batteries
journal, January 2014


Implications of the Unpaired Spins in Li-O 2 Battery Chemistry and Electrochemistry: A Minireview
journal, July 2014


Solvating additives drive solution-mediated electrochemistry and enhance toroid growth in non-aqueous Li–O2 batteries
journal, December 2014


The Li-Ion Rechargeable Battery: A Perspective
journal, January 2013


Ambipolar zinc-polyiodide electrolyte for a high-energy density aqueous redox flow battery
journal, February 2015


Nanostructured Metal Carbides for Aprotic Li–O 2 Batteries: New Insights into Interfacial Reactions and Cathode Stability
journal, June 2015


Rechargeability of Li–air cathodes pre-filled with discharge products using an ether-based electrolyte solution: implications for cycle-life of Li–air cells
journal, January 2013


The Influence of Water and Protons on Li 2 O 2 Crystal Growth in Aprotic Li-O 2 Cells
journal, January 2015


Oxygen electrocatalysts in metal–air batteries: from aqueous to nonaqueous electrolytes
journal, January 2014


Sea-Urchin-like Cobalt Oxide Grown on Nickel Foam as a Carbon-Free Electrode for Lithium–Oxygen Batteries
journal, April 2015


Adsorption and Deposition of Li 2 O 2 on the Pristine and Oxidized TiC Surface by First-principles Calculation
journal, November 2015


Recent advances in understanding of the mechanism and control of Li 2 O 2 formation in aprotic Li–O 2 batteries
journal, January 2017


Influence of Lithium Salts on the Discharge Chemistry of Li–Air Cells
journal, April 2012


Advanced Extremely Durable 3D Bifunctional Air Electrodes for Rechargeable Zinc-Air Batteries
journal, December 2013


Robust Fe 3 Mo 3 C Supported IrMn Clusters as Highly Efficient Bifunctional Air Electrode for Metal-Air Battery
journal, August 2017


Computational design of molecules for an all-quinone redox flow battery
journal, January 2015


Reshaping Lithium Plating/Stripping Behavior via Bifunctional Polymer Electrolyte for Room-Temperature Solid Li Metal Batteries
journal, December 2016


Humidity effect on electrochemical performance of Li–O2 batteries
journal, October 2014


Progress Towards Commercially Viable Li-S Battery Cells
journal, April 2015


Nanostructured porous RuO 2 /MnO 2 as a highly efficient catalyst for high-rate Li–O 2 batteries
journal, January 2015


Na-Ion Battery Anodes: Materials and Electrochemistry
journal, January 2016


Graphitic Carbon Conformal Coating of Mesoporous TiO 2 Hollow Spheres for High-Performance Lithium Ion Battery Anodes
journal, September 2015


A Flexible Sulfur-Graphene-Polypropylene Separator Integrated Electrode for Advanced Li-S Batteries
journal, November 2014


Reactivity of Electrolytes for Lithium-Oxygen Batteries with Li2O2
journal, January 2012


Promoting Formation of Noncrystalline Li 2 O 2 in the Li–O 2 Battery with RuO 2 Nanoparticles
journal, September 2013


An Aqueous Redox-Flow Battery with High Capacity and Power: The TEMPTMA/MV System
journal, October 2016


Influence of Li2O2 morphology on oxygen reduction and evolution kinetics in Li–O2 batteries
journal, January 2013


Nanoporous Ru as a Carbon- and Binder-Free Cathode for Li-O 2 Batteries
journal, March 2015


On the Mechanism of Nonaqueous Li–O 2 Electrochemistry on C and Its Kinetic Overpotentials: Some Implications for Li–Air Batteries
journal, November 2012


The Lithium-Oxygen Battery with Ether-Based Electrolytes
journal, July 2011


Making Li-Air Batteries Rechargeable: Material Challenges
journal, May 2012


Predicting Solvent Stability in Aprotic Electrolyte Li–Air Batteries: Nucleophilic Substitution by the Superoxide Anion Radical (O 2 •– )
journal, November 2011


Interactions of Dimethoxy Ethane with Li 2 O 2 Clusters and Likely Decomposition Mechanisms for Li–O 2 Batteries
journal, April 2013


Oxygen solubility and transport in Li–air battery electrolytes: establishing criteria and strategies for electrolyte design
journal, January 2017


Carbon-free cobalt oxide cathodes with tunable nanoarchitectures for rechargeable lithium–oxygen batteries
journal, January 2013


Advances and challenges in lithium-air batteries
journal, October 2017


Critical Challenges in Rechargeable Aprotic Li-O 2 Batteries
journal, February 2016


Enhancing electrochemical intermediate solvation through electrolyte anion selection to increase nonaqueous Li–O 2 battery capacity
journal, July 2015


Mapping a stable solvent structure landscape for aprotic Li–air battery organic electrolytes
journal, January 2017


Advances in understanding mechanisms underpinning lithium–air batteries
journal, September 2016


A lithium–oxygen battery based on lithium superoxide
journal, January 2016


Tailoring deposition and morphology of discharge products towards high-rate and long-life lithium-oxygen batteries
journal, September 2013


A Long-Life Lithium-Air Battery in Ambient Air with a Polymer Electrolyte Containing a Redox Mediator
journal, May 2017


Three-Dimensional Au Microlattices as Positive Electrodes for Li–O 2 Batteries
journal, May 2015


Porous AgPd-Pd Composite Nanotubes as Highly Efficient Electrocatalysts for Lithium-Oxygen Batteries
journal, September 2015


The Lithium/Air Battery: Still an Emerging System or a Practical Reality?
journal, December 2014


Directly grown Co 3 O 4 nanowire arrays on Ni-foam: structural effects of carbon-free and binder-free cathodes for lithium–oxygen batteries
journal, January 2014


Mechanistic Role of Li + Dissociation Level in Aprotic Li–O 2 Battery
journal, February 2016


Ruthenium-Based Electrocatalysts Supported on Reduced Graphene Oxide for Lithium-Air Batteries
journal, April 2013


Ruthenium nanocrystals as cathode catalysts for lithium-oxygen batteries with a superior performance
journal, July 2013


Simple synthesis of highly catalytic carbon-free MnCo2O4@Ni as an oxygen electrode for rechargeable Li–O2 batteries with long-term stability
journal, August 2015


Nonaqueous Li–Air Batteries: A Status Report
journal, October 2014


Dendrite-Free, High-Rate, Long-Life Lithium Metal Batteries with a 3D Cross-Linked Network Polymer Electrolyte
journal, February 2017


Hierarchical mesoporous/macroporous Co 3 O 4 ultrathin nanosheets as free-standing catalysts for rechargeable lithium–oxygen batteries
journal, January 2015


A phosphorene–graphene hybrid material as a high-capacity anode for sodium-ion batteries
journal, September 2015


Development of membranes and a study of their interfaces for rechargeable lithium–air battery
journal, December 2009


Cycling Li-O2 batteries via LiOH formation and decomposition
journal, October 2015


Spatially Confined Li–Oxygen Interaction in the Tunnel of α-MnO 2 Catalyst for Li–Air Battery: A First-Principles Study
journal, July 2017


Combining Accurate O 2 and Li 2 O 2 Assays to Separate Discharge and Charge Stability Limitations in Nonaqueous Li–O 2 Batteries
journal, August 2013


Theoretical evidence for low kinetic overpotentials in Li-O 2 electrochemistry
journal, January 2013


Few-Layered SnS 2 on Few-Layered Reduced Graphene Oxide as Na-Ion Battery Anode with Ultralong Cycle Life and Superior Rate Capability
journal, November 2014


Optimization of Carbon- and Binder-Free Au Nanoparticle-Coated Ni Nanowire Electrodes for Lithium-Oxygen Batteries
journal, September 2014


A review on electrolyte additives for lithium-ion batteries
journal, November 2006


Rechargeable Li-Air Batteries with Carbonate-Based Liquid Electrolytes
journal, January 2010


In situ methods for Li-ion battery research: A review of recent developments
journal, August 2015


Mechanically and Chemically Robust Sandwich-Structured C@Si@C Nanotube Array Li-Ion Battery Anodes
journal, January 2015


Singlet oxygen generation as a major cause for parasitic reactions during cycling of aprotic lithium–oxygen batteries
journal, March 2017


On the Efficacy of Electrocatalysis in Nonaqueous Li–O 2 Batteries
journal, November 2011


A Rechargeable Li-Air Fuel Cell Battery Based on Garnet Solid Electrolytes
journal, January 2017


Lithium salts for advanced lithium batteries: Li–metal, Li–O 2 , and Li–S
journal, January 2015


Carbon-, Binder-, and Precious Metal-Free Cathodes for Non-Aqueous Lithium–Oxygen Batteries: Nanoflake-Decorated Nanoneedle Oxide Arrays
journal, October 2014


The Effect of Water on the Discharge Capacity of a Non-Catalyzed Carbon Cathode for Li-O2 Batteries
journal, January 2012


Hierarchical Ru nanospheres as highly effective cathode catalysts for Li–O 2 batteries
journal, January 2015


Challenges of non-aqueous Li–O2 batteries: electrolytes, catalysts, and anodes
journal, January 2013


A Carbon- and Binder-Free Nanostructured Cathode for High-Performance Nonaqueous Li-O 2 Battery
journal, June 2015


The water catalysis at oxygen cathodes of lithium–oxygen cells
journal, July 2015


Lithium–oxygen batteries: bridging mechanistic understanding and battery performance
journal, January 2013


Towards greener and more sustainable batteries for electrical energy storage
journal, November 2014


Zur Chemie der Platinmetalle. RuO2 Chemischer Transport, Eigenschaften, thermischer Zerfall
journal, January 1963


Lithium−Air Battery: Promise and Challenges
journal, June 2010


Recent Progress of the Solid-State Electrolytes for High-Energy Metal-Based Batteries
journal, January 2018


Mesoporous silicon sponge as an anti-pulverization structure for high-performance lithium-ion battery anodes
journal, July 2014


Revealing the reaction mechanisms of Li–O2 batteries using environmental transmission electron microscopy
journal, March 2017


Electrolytes for solid-state lithium rechargeable batteries: recent advances and perspectives
journal, January 2011


The Effect of Water on Quinone Redox Mediators in Nonaqueous Li-O 2 Batteries
journal, January 2018


Radical Compatibility with Nonaqueous Electrolytes and Its Impact on an All-Organic Redox Flow Battery
journal, April 2015


A Long-Life Lithium-Air Battery in Ambient Air with a Polymer Electrolyte Containing a Redox Mediator
journal, May 2017


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Flexible 1D Batteries: Recent Progress and Prospects
    journal, July 2019


    Flexible 1D Batteries: Recent Progress and Prospects
    journal, July 2019


    Conjugated Cobalt Polyphthalocyanine as the Elastic and Reprocessable Catalyst for Flexible Li-CO 2 Batteries
    journal, November 2018


    Dual‐Phase Single‐Ion Pathway Interfaces for Robust Lithium Metal in Working Batteries
    journal, March 2019


    Thick Electrode Batteries: Principles, Opportunities, and Challenges
    journal, July 2019


    Understanding Rechargeable Li−O 2 Batteries via First‐Principles Computations
    journal, March 2019


    Oxygen Reduction Reactions of Fe-N-C Catalysts: Current Status and the Way Forward
    journal, March 2019


    Lithium-ion batteries: outlook on present, future, and hybridized technologies
    journal, January 2019


    Metal–organic framework derived Co–N-reduced graphene oxide as electrode materials for rechargeable Li–O 2 batteries
    journal, January 2019


    Electrochemically induced highly ion conductive porous scaffolds to stabilize lithium deposition for lithium metal anodes
    journal, January 2019


    Design strategies toward catalytic materials and cathode structures for emerging Li–CO 2 batteries
    journal, January 2019


    Novel MoSi 2 catalysts featuring surface activation as highly efficient cathode materials for long-life Li–O 2 batteries
    journal, January 2020


    Three-Dimensional Nitrogen-Doped Hollow Carbon Fiber with a Micro-Scale Diameter as a Binder-Free Oxygen Electrode for Li-O 2 Batteries
    journal, January 2019


      Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.