skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Advanced Hydrogen Fueling Station Supply: Tube Trailers

Abstract

Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. (Air Products) is reporting on the results of a DOE-funded program to develop and validate Advanced Hydrogen Fueling Station hydrogen tube trailers to support hydrogen and fuel cell market applications. The project involved the engineering design and development of a new composite over-wrapped pressure vessel to increase the pressure capability of tube trailers to deliver hydrogen to greater than 8500 psi (586 bar). The new composite over-wrapped pressure vessel tube trailer was expected to provide improved delivery technology and reduce the cost of transporting hydrogen from central hydrogen production sources. The project aimed to meet or exceed DOE’s 2020 delivery targets for tube trailer hydrogen distribution. A gated approach was taken for the project, with early project Go/No-Go decision points. Specific goals for this four-stage product development project included: Preliminary Study, Modeling, and Analysis: Complete a preliminary design analysis and cost viability of a >8500 psi (586 bar) hydrogen storage vessel with an appropriate frame and chassis configuration for a complete trailer to US DOT requirements; Develop New Tube Size for >8500 psi (586 bar) Vessel: Fabricate tubes for test units, perform testing, and submit test results for a DOT Special Permit; Design, fabricate, andmore » test a delivery trailer unit; Deploy the delivery trailer to hydrogen stations and collect data. Work conducted under DE-EE0006524 established costs for US DOT Type III vessels at 8500 psi (586 bar), 12500 psi (862 bar), and 14000 psi (965 bar) with manufactured water volumes up to 375 liters. Trailer module designs were established for the maximum US DOT design limits and for Air Products’ design limit of a 40-foot trailer length that addresses California hydrogen fueling station ingress and egress operating constraints. Conceptual trailer designs were not capable of achieving the DOE 2020 capacity and cost targets, but they did exceed the DOE pressure target of 500 bar. Based on new trailer cost and simulated operating performance, the 8500 psi (586 bar) new trailer design is not feasible in comparison to Air Products’ DOT-approved 7500 psi (520 bar) trailer design in operation today. Also, the project was expected to incur significantly higher product development costs associated with new US DOT vessel development and approval. Alternative trailer design concepts were explored that included 700 bar compression-less mobile fueling that could be promising for early-market hydrogen infrastructure fueling station placement and development and niche military applications. Due to the economic and budget challenges identified in the feasibility phase of the program, Air Products, in agreement with the Department of Energy, decided to terminate this development program.« less

Authors:
 [1]
  1. Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., Allentown, PA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., Allentown, PA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Fuel Cell Technologies Office (EE-3F)
Contributing Org.:
Worthington Cylinder Corporation
OSTI Identifier:
1469970
Report Number(s):
Final
DOE Contract Number:  
EE0006524
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
08 HYDROGEN; 42 ENGINEERING; hydrogen; tube trailer; composite vessel; high-pressure; 8500 psi; delivery; supply; hydrogen distribution; fueling station

Citation Formats

Bonner, Brian. Advanced Hydrogen Fueling Station Supply: Tube Trailers. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.2172/1469970.
Bonner, Brian. Advanced Hydrogen Fueling Station Supply: Tube Trailers. United States. doi:10.2172/1469970.
Bonner, Brian. Fri . "Advanced Hydrogen Fueling Station Supply: Tube Trailers". United States. doi:10.2172/1469970. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1469970.
@article{osti_1469970,
title = {Advanced Hydrogen Fueling Station Supply: Tube Trailers},
author = {Bonner, Brian},
abstractNote = {Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. (Air Products) is reporting on the results of a DOE-funded program to develop and validate Advanced Hydrogen Fueling Station hydrogen tube trailers to support hydrogen and fuel cell market applications. The project involved the engineering design and development of a new composite over-wrapped pressure vessel to increase the pressure capability of tube trailers to deliver hydrogen to greater than 8500 psi (586 bar). The new composite over-wrapped pressure vessel tube trailer was expected to provide improved delivery technology and reduce the cost of transporting hydrogen from central hydrogen production sources. The project aimed to meet or exceed DOE’s 2020 delivery targets for tube trailer hydrogen distribution. A gated approach was taken for the project, with early project Go/No-Go decision points. Specific goals for this four-stage product development project included: Preliminary Study, Modeling, and Analysis: Complete a preliminary design analysis and cost viability of a >8500 psi (586 bar) hydrogen storage vessel with an appropriate frame and chassis configuration for a complete trailer to US DOT requirements; Develop New Tube Size for >8500 psi (586 bar) Vessel: Fabricate tubes for test units, perform testing, and submit test results for a DOT Special Permit; Design, fabricate, and test a delivery trailer unit; Deploy the delivery trailer to hydrogen stations and collect data. Work conducted under DE-EE0006524 established costs for US DOT Type III vessels at 8500 psi (586 bar), 12500 psi (862 bar), and 14000 psi (965 bar) with manufactured water volumes up to 375 liters. Trailer module designs were established for the maximum US DOT design limits and for Air Products’ design limit of a 40-foot trailer length that addresses California hydrogen fueling station ingress and egress operating constraints. Conceptual trailer designs were not capable of achieving the DOE 2020 capacity and cost targets, but they did exceed the DOE pressure target of 500 bar. Based on new trailer cost and simulated operating performance, the 8500 psi (586 bar) new trailer design is not feasible in comparison to Air Products’ DOT-approved 7500 psi (520 bar) trailer design in operation today. Also, the project was expected to incur significantly higher product development costs associated with new US DOT vessel development and approval. Alternative trailer design concepts were explored that included 700 bar compression-less mobile fueling that could be promising for early-market hydrogen infrastructure fueling station placement and development and niche military applications. Due to the economic and budget challenges identified in the feasibility phase of the program, Air Products, in agreement with the Department of Energy, decided to terminate this development program.},
doi = {10.2172/1469970},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {9}
}