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Title: A linear array of position-sensitive virtual Frisch-grid CdZnTe for low-energy gamma rays

Abstract

Large-area arrays of position-sensitive virtual Frisch-grid CdZnTe (CZT) detectors with enhanced energy resolution and high efficiency have been proposed for spectroscopy and imaging of gamma-ray sources. We present the design and test results of a linear array of such detectors optimized for use in handheld instruments. There are several application areas for such detectors including uranium enrichment measurements, storage monitoring, dosimetry and other nuclear safeguards related tasks. The array configuration provides a large area with minimum number of readout channels, which potentially allows the developers to avoid using ASIC-based readout electronics by substituting it with hybrid preamplifiers followed by digitizers. The array prototype consists of 6 5 x 7 x 25 mm 3 CZT detectors side-oriented with respect to the source to achieve the maximum area. Each detector is furnished with 5 mm-wide charge-sensing pads placed near the anode. As an option, the pads can be grouped together to reduce the number of readout channels. The same can be done with the cathodes. The pads signals are converted into X–Y coordinates and combined with the cathode signals (for the Z coordinates) to give 3D positional information of each interaction point. This information is used to correct the response non-uniformity causedmore » by material inhomogeneity, which allows the developers to use standard grade (unselected) CZT crystals, while retaining high spectroscopic performance.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [3]
  1. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  2. Univ. of Texas, El Paso, TX (United States)
  3. Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States). Savannah River National Lab. (SRNL)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Savannah River National Lab (SRNL), Aiken, SC (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Office of Nonproliferation and Verification Research and Development (NA-22); USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1460685
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1495291
Report Number(s):
BNL-207817-2018-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 0168-9002; TRN: US1901895
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704; AC02-98CH1-886
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 903; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0168-9002
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; CdZnTe; High-granularity detectors; 3D position-sensitive virtual Frisch-grid detectors; Crystal defects; Charge-loss correction

Citation Formats

Ocampo Giraldo, L., Bolotnikov, A. E., Camarda, G. S., De Geronimo, G., Fried, J., Hodges, D., Hossain, A., Vernon, E., and James, R. B. A linear array of position-sensitive virtual Frisch-grid CdZnTe for low-energy gamma rays. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2018.06.082.
Ocampo Giraldo, L., Bolotnikov, A. E., Camarda, G. S., De Geronimo, G., Fried, J., Hodges, D., Hossain, A., Vernon, E., & James, R. B. A linear array of position-sensitive virtual Frisch-grid CdZnTe for low-energy gamma rays. United States. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2018.06.082.
Ocampo Giraldo, L., Bolotnikov, A. E., Camarda, G. S., De Geronimo, G., Fried, J., Hodges, D., Hossain, A., Vernon, E., and James, R. B. Wed . "A linear array of position-sensitive virtual Frisch-grid CdZnTe for low-energy gamma rays". United States. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2018.06.082. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1460685.
@article{osti_1460685,
title = {A linear array of position-sensitive virtual Frisch-grid CdZnTe for low-energy gamma rays},
author = {Ocampo Giraldo, L. and Bolotnikov, A. E. and Camarda, G. S. and De Geronimo, G. and Fried, J. and Hodges, D. and Hossain, A. and Vernon, E. and James, R. B.},
abstractNote = {Large-area arrays of position-sensitive virtual Frisch-grid CdZnTe (CZT) detectors with enhanced energy resolution and high efficiency have been proposed for spectroscopy and imaging of gamma-ray sources. We present the design and test results of a linear array of such detectors optimized for use in handheld instruments. There are several application areas for such detectors including uranium enrichment measurements, storage monitoring, dosimetry and other nuclear safeguards related tasks. The array configuration provides a large area with minimum number of readout channels, which potentially allows the developers to avoid using ASIC-based readout electronics by substituting it with hybrid preamplifiers followed by digitizers. The array prototype consists of 6 5 x 7 x 25 mm3 CZT detectors side-oriented with respect to the source to achieve the maximum area. Each detector is furnished with 5 mm-wide charge-sensing pads placed near the anode. As an option, the pads can be grouped together to reduce the number of readout channels. The same can be done with the cathodes. The pads signals are converted into X–Y coordinates and combined with the cathode signals (for the Z coordinates) to give 3D positional information of each interaction point. This information is used to correct the response non-uniformity caused by material inhomogeneity, which allows the developers to use standard grade (unselected) CZT crystals, while retaining high spectroscopic performance.},
doi = {10.1016/j.nima.2018.06.082},
journal = {Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment},
issn = {0168-9002},
number = C,
volume = 903,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {7}
}

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