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Title: Advancing catalytic fast pyrolysis through integrated multiscale modeling and experimentation: Challenges, progress, and perspectives

Abstract

Catalytic fast pyrolysis (CFP) is a conversion process that integrates rapid thermochemical depolymerization of solid feedstocks with catalytic transformation to yield small molecules for fuel and chemical products. This process is well-suited for the conversion of nonfossil feedstocks such as biomass and waste plastics, and thereby holds great potential for the production of renewable commodities. In spite of many technological developments in various aspects of CFP achieved over decades of research, this technology has yet to attain commercial success for the production of fuels and chemicals from renewable feedstocks. Effective CFP processes require careful coordination of chemical and physical phenomena that span very large length and time scales. A broad spectrum of scientific progress in both pyrolysis and catalytic upgrading has provided the foundation for successful deployment of CFP, although additional progress in process-scale integration is yet required for commercial realization. Modeling and simulation tools provide an important framework wherein the CFP technologies by be better understood and evaluated from a holistic perspective. Here we provide a detailed description of the multiscale phenomena underlying CFP, describe challenges and associated technical progress, and suggest strategies for an integrated approach to advance this technology toward commercialization.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [2]
  1. Biosciences Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden Colorado
  2. National Bioenergy Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden Colorado
  3. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, Golden Colorado
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Bioenergy Technologies Office (EE-3B)
OSTI Identifier:
1458816
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-2700-71246
Journal ID: ISSN 2041-8396
DOE Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Energy and Environment
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-8396
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; biofuels; bioproducts; catalysis; pyrolysis

Citation Formats

Ciesielski, Peter N., Pecha, M. Brennan, Bharadwaj, Vivek S., Mukarakate, Calvin, Leong, G. Jeremy, Kappes, Branden, Crowley, Michael F., Kim, Seonah, Foust, Thomas D., and Nimlos, Mark R. Advancing catalytic fast pyrolysis through integrated multiscale modeling and experimentation: Challenges, progress, and perspectives. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1002/wene.297.
Ciesielski, Peter N., Pecha, M. Brennan, Bharadwaj, Vivek S., Mukarakate, Calvin, Leong, G. Jeremy, Kappes, Branden, Crowley, Michael F., Kim, Seonah, Foust, Thomas D., & Nimlos, Mark R. Advancing catalytic fast pyrolysis through integrated multiscale modeling and experimentation: Challenges, progress, and perspectives. United States. doi:10.1002/wene.297.
Ciesielski, Peter N., Pecha, M. Brennan, Bharadwaj, Vivek S., Mukarakate, Calvin, Leong, G. Jeremy, Kappes, Branden, Crowley, Michael F., Kim, Seonah, Foust, Thomas D., and Nimlos, Mark R. Thu . "Advancing catalytic fast pyrolysis through integrated multiscale modeling and experimentation: Challenges, progress, and perspectives". United States. doi:10.1002/wene.297.
@article{osti_1458816,
title = {Advancing catalytic fast pyrolysis through integrated multiscale modeling and experimentation: Challenges, progress, and perspectives},
author = {Ciesielski, Peter N. and Pecha, M. Brennan and Bharadwaj, Vivek S. and Mukarakate, Calvin and Leong, G. Jeremy and Kappes, Branden and Crowley, Michael F. and Kim, Seonah and Foust, Thomas D. and Nimlos, Mark R.},
abstractNote = {Catalytic fast pyrolysis (CFP) is a conversion process that integrates rapid thermochemical depolymerization of solid feedstocks with catalytic transformation to yield small molecules for fuel and chemical products. This process is well-suited for the conversion of nonfossil feedstocks such as biomass and waste plastics, and thereby holds great potential for the production of renewable commodities. In spite of many technological developments in various aspects of CFP achieved over decades of research, this technology has yet to attain commercial success for the production of fuels and chemicals from renewable feedstocks. Effective CFP processes require careful coordination of chemical and physical phenomena that span very large length and time scales. A broad spectrum of scientific progress in both pyrolysis and catalytic upgrading has provided the foundation for successful deployment of CFP, although additional progress in process-scale integration is yet required for commercial realization. Modeling and simulation tools provide an important framework wherein the CFP technologies by be better understood and evaluated from a holistic perspective. Here we provide a detailed description of the multiscale phenomena underlying CFP, describe challenges and associated technical progress, and suggest strategies for an integrated approach to advance this technology toward commercialization.},
doi = {10.1002/wene.297},
journal = {Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Energy and Environment},
issn = {2041-8396},
number = 4,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {4}
}

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