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Title: Production cross sections of cosmic antiprotons in the light of new data from the NA61 and LHCb experiments

Abstract

The cosmic-ray flux of antiprotons is measured with high precision by the space-borne particle spectrometers AMS-02. Its interpretation requires a correct description of the dominant production process for antiprotons in our Galaxy, namely, the interaction of cosmic-ray proton and helium with the interstellar medium. In light of new cross section measurements by the NA61 experiment of p + p → $$\bar{p}$$ + X and the first ever measurement of p + He → $$\bar{p}$$ + X by the LHCb experiment, we update the parametrization of proton-proton and proton-nucleon cross sections. We find that the LHCb p He data constrain a shape for the cross section at high energies and show for the first time how well the rescaling from the p p channel applies to a helium target. By using p p , p He and p C data we estimate the uncertainty on the Lorentz invariant cross section for p + He → $$\bar{p}$$+ X . We use these new cross sections to compute the source term for all the production channels, considering also nuclei heavier than He both in cosmic rays and the interstellar medium. The uncertainties on the total source term are up to ± 20 %more » and slightly increase below antiproton energies of 5 GeV. This uncertainty is dominated by the p + p → $$\bar{p}$$ + X cross section, which translates into all channels since we derive them using the $pp$ cross sections. In conclusion, the cross sections to calculate the source spectra from all relevant cosmic-ray isotopes are provided in Supplemental Material. We finally quantify the necessity of new data on antiproton production cross sections, and pin down the kinematic parameter space which should be covered by future data.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Univ. di Torino, Torino (Italy). Dipt. di Fisica; National Inst. of Nuclear Physics (INFN), Torino (Italy); RWTH Aachen Univ. (Germany). Inst. for Theoretical Particle Physics and Cosmology
  2. Univ. di Torino, Torino (Italy). Dipt. di Fisica; National Inst. of Nuclear Physics (INFN), Torino (Italy)
  3. Stanford Univ., CA (United States). W.W. Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory, Kavli Inst. for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, Dept. of Physics; SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research (MIUR); National Aeronautic and Space Administration (NASA)
OSTI Identifier:
1458453
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review D
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 97; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS

Citation Formats

Korsmeier, Michael, Donato, Fiorenza, and Di Mauro, Mattia. Production cross sections of cosmic antiprotons in the light of new data from the NA61 and LHCb experiments. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1103/physrevd.97.103019.
Korsmeier, Michael, Donato, Fiorenza, & Di Mauro, Mattia. Production cross sections of cosmic antiprotons in the light of new data from the NA61 and LHCb experiments. United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevd.97.103019
Korsmeier, Michael, Donato, Fiorenza, and Di Mauro, Mattia. Tue . "Production cross sections of cosmic antiprotons in the light of new data from the NA61 and LHCb experiments". United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevd.97.103019. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1458453.
@article{osti_1458453,
title = {Production cross sections of cosmic antiprotons in the light of new data from the NA61 and LHCb experiments},
author = {Korsmeier, Michael and Donato, Fiorenza and Di Mauro, Mattia},
abstractNote = {The cosmic-ray flux of antiprotons is measured with high precision by the space-borne particle spectrometers AMS-02. Its interpretation requires a correct description of the dominant production process for antiprotons in our Galaxy, namely, the interaction of cosmic-ray proton and helium with the interstellar medium. In light of new cross section measurements by the NA61 experiment of p + p → $\bar{p}$ + X and the first ever measurement of p + He → $\bar{p}$ + X by the LHCb experiment, we update the parametrization of proton-proton and proton-nucleon cross sections. We find that the LHCb p He data constrain a shape for the cross section at high energies and show for the first time how well the rescaling from the p p channel applies to a helium target. By using p p , p He and p C data we estimate the uncertainty on the Lorentz invariant cross section for p + He → $\bar{p}$+ X . We use these new cross sections to compute the source term for all the production channels, considering also nuclei heavier than He both in cosmic rays and the interstellar medium. The uncertainties on the total source term are up to ± 20 % and slightly increase below antiproton energies of 5 GeV. This uncertainty is dominated by the p + p → $\bar{p}$ + X cross section, which translates into all channels since we derive them using the $pp$ cross sections. In conclusion, the cross sections to calculate the source spectra from all relevant cosmic-ray isotopes are provided in Supplemental Material. We finally quantify the necessity of new data on antiproton production cross sections, and pin down the kinematic parameter space which should be covered by future data.},
doi = {10.1103/physrevd.97.103019},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1458453}, journal = {Physical Review D},
issn = {2470-0010},
number = 10,
volume = 97,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 5 works
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Figures / Tables:

FIG. 1 FIG. 1: Fraction of the $pp$ source term originating from the kinematic parameter space of the cross section which is experimentally determined by NA49 and NA61. The contribution is normalized to the total $pp$ source term. The NA61 data are taken for $$\sqrt{s}$$ = 7.7 GeV to 17.3 GeV (bluemore » dot-dashed line), while the NA49 is taken at $$\sqrt{s}$$ = 17.3 GeV and here assumed to be valid in the range 15-20 GeV (solid red line). The red dashed line is obtained assuming that the NA49 data are valid in the $$\sqrt{s}$$ range from 10 to 50 GeV, while the dotted blue one is obtained extending the validity of NA61 data up to $$\sqrt{s}$$ = 50 GeV. More explicitly, we assume a range from $$\sqrt{s}$$ = 7.7 GeV to 50 GeV.« less

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Works referenced in this record:

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Measurement of Antiproton Production in p He Collisions at s NN = 110 GeV
    journal, November 2018


    Cosmic-ray propagation with DRAGON2: II. Nuclear interactions with the interstellar gas
    journal, July 2018


    Cosmic-ray propagation with DRAGON2: II. Nuclear interactions with the interstellar gas
    journal, July 2018


    Investigating the dark matter signal in the cosmic ray antiproton flux with the machine learning method
    journal, November 2019


    Measurement of Antiproton Production in p He Collisions at s NN = 110 GeV
    journal, November 2018


    Effects of re-acceleration and source grammage on secondary cosmic rays spectra
    journal, July 2019


    Scrutinizing the evidence for dark matter in cosmic-ray antiprotons
    journal, May 2019