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Title: Determining the neutrino mass with cyclotron radiation emission spectroscopy—Project 8

Abstract

The most sensitive direct method to establish the absolute neutrino mass is observation of the endpoint of the tritium beta-decay spectrum. Cyclotron radiation emission spectroscopy (CRES) is a precision spectrographic technique that can probe much of the unexplored neutrino mass range with $${ \mathcal O }(\mathrm{eV})$$ resolution. A lower bound of $$m({\nu }_{e})\gtrsim 9(0.1)\,\mathrm{meV}$$ is set by observations of neutrino oscillations, while the KATRIN experiment—the current-generation tritium beta-decay experiment that is based on magnetic adiabatic collimation with an electrostatic (MAC-E) filter—will achieve a sensitivity of $$m({\nu }_{e})\lesssim 0.2\,\mathrm{eV}$$. The CRES technique aims to avoid the difficulties in scaling up a MAC-E filter-based experiment to achieve a lower mass sensitivity. Here in this paper we review the current status of the CRES technique and describe Project 8, a phased absolute neutrino mass experiment that has the potential to reach sensitivities down to $$m({\nu }_{e})\lesssim 40\,\mathrm{meV}$$ using an atomic tritium source.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26); National Science Foundation (NSF)
Contributing Org.:
Project 8 Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1455399
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-738790
Journal ID: ISSN 0954-3899; 892307
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-07NA27344; FG02-97ER41020; SC0011091; SC0012654; AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Physics. G, Nuclear and Particle Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 44; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 0954-3899
Publisher:
IOP Publishing
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; Neutrino mass; Cyclotron radiation; Electron spectroscopy

Citation Formats

Esfahani, Ali Ashtari, Asner, David M., Böser, Sebastian, Cervantes, Raphael, Claessens, Christine, de Viveiros, Luiz, Doe, Peter J., Doeleman, Shepard, Fernandes, Justin L., Fertl, Martin, Finn, Erin C., Formaggio, Joseph A., Furse, Daniel, Guigue, Mathieu, Heeger, Karsten M., Jones, A. Mark, Kazkaz, Kareem, Kofron, Jared A., Lamb, Callum, LaRoque, Benjamin H., Machado, Eric, McBride, Elizabeth L., Miller, Michael L., Monreal, Benjamin, Mohanmurthy, Prajwal, Nikkel, James A., Oblath, Noah S., Pettus, Walter C., Robertson, R. G. Hamish, Rosenberg, Leslie J., Rybka, Gray, Rysewyk, Devyn, Saldaña, Luis, Slocum, Penny L., Sternberg, Matthew G., Tedeschi, Jonathan R., Thümmler, Thomas, VanDevender, Brent A., Vertatschitsch, Laura E., Wachtendonk, Megan, Weintroub, Jonathan, Woods, Natasha L., Young, André, and Zayas, Evan M.. Determining the neutrino mass with cyclotron radiation emission spectroscopy—Project 8. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1088/1361-6471/aa5b4f.
Esfahani, Ali Ashtari, Asner, David M., Böser, Sebastian, Cervantes, Raphael, Claessens, Christine, de Viveiros, Luiz, Doe, Peter J., Doeleman, Shepard, Fernandes, Justin L., Fertl, Martin, Finn, Erin C., Formaggio, Joseph A., Furse, Daniel, Guigue, Mathieu, Heeger, Karsten M., Jones, A. Mark, Kazkaz, Kareem, Kofron, Jared A., Lamb, Callum, LaRoque, Benjamin H., Machado, Eric, McBride, Elizabeth L., Miller, Michael L., Monreal, Benjamin, Mohanmurthy, Prajwal, Nikkel, James A., Oblath, Noah S., Pettus, Walter C., Robertson, R. G. Hamish, Rosenberg, Leslie J., Rybka, Gray, Rysewyk, Devyn, Saldaña, Luis, Slocum, Penny L., Sternberg, Matthew G., Tedeschi, Jonathan R., Thümmler, Thomas, VanDevender, Brent A., Vertatschitsch, Laura E., Wachtendonk, Megan, Weintroub, Jonathan, Woods, Natasha L., Young, André, & Zayas, Evan M.. Determining the neutrino mass with cyclotron radiation emission spectroscopy—Project 8. United States. doi:10.1088/1361-6471/aa5b4f.
Esfahani, Ali Ashtari, Asner, David M., Böser, Sebastian, Cervantes, Raphael, Claessens, Christine, de Viveiros, Luiz, Doe, Peter J., Doeleman, Shepard, Fernandes, Justin L., Fertl, Martin, Finn, Erin C., Formaggio, Joseph A., Furse, Daniel, Guigue, Mathieu, Heeger, Karsten M., Jones, A. Mark, Kazkaz, Kareem, Kofron, Jared A., Lamb, Callum, LaRoque, Benjamin H., Machado, Eric, McBride, Elizabeth L., Miller, Michael L., Monreal, Benjamin, Mohanmurthy, Prajwal, Nikkel, James A., Oblath, Noah S., Pettus, Walter C., Robertson, R. G. Hamish, Rosenberg, Leslie J., Rybka, Gray, Rysewyk, Devyn, Saldaña, Luis, Slocum, Penny L., Sternberg, Matthew G., Tedeschi, Jonathan R., Thümmler, Thomas, VanDevender, Brent A., Vertatschitsch, Laura E., Wachtendonk, Megan, Weintroub, Jonathan, Woods, Natasha L., Young, André, and Zayas, Evan M.. Thu . "Determining the neutrino mass with cyclotron radiation emission spectroscopy—Project 8". United States. doi:10.1088/1361-6471/aa5b4f. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1455399.
@article{osti_1455399,
title = {Determining the neutrino mass with cyclotron radiation emission spectroscopy—Project 8},
author = {Esfahani, Ali Ashtari and Asner, David M. and Böser, Sebastian and Cervantes, Raphael and Claessens, Christine and de Viveiros, Luiz and Doe, Peter J. and Doeleman, Shepard and Fernandes, Justin L. and Fertl, Martin and Finn, Erin C. and Formaggio, Joseph A. and Furse, Daniel and Guigue, Mathieu and Heeger, Karsten M. and Jones, A. Mark and Kazkaz, Kareem and Kofron, Jared A. and Lamb, Callum and LaRoque, Benjamin H. and Machado, Eric and McBride, Elizabeth L. and Miller, Michael L. and Monreal, Benjamin and Mohanmurthy, Prajwal and Nikkel, James A. and Oblath, Noah S. and Pettus, Walter C. and Robertson, R. G. Hamish and Rosenberg, Leslie J. and Rybka, Gray and Rysewyk, Devyn and Saldaña, Luis and Slocum, Penny L. and Sternberg, Matthew G. and Tedeschi, Jonathan R. and Thümmler, Thomas and VanDevender, Brent A. and Vertatschitsch, Laura E. and Wachtendonk, Megan and Weintroub, Jonathan and Woods, Natasha L. and Young, André and Zayas, Evan M.},
abstractNote = {The most sensitive direct method to establish the absolute neutrino mass is observation of the endpoint of the tritium beta-decay spectrum. Cyclotron radiation emission spectroscopy (CRES) is a precision spectrographic technique that can probe much of the unexplored neutrino mass range with ${ \mathcal O }(\mathrm{eV})$ resolution. A lower bound of $m({\nu }_{e})\gtrsim 9(0.1)\,\mathrm{meV}$ is set by observations of neutrino oscillations, while the KATRIN experiment—the current-generation tritium beta-decay experiment that is based on magnetic adiabatic collimation with an electrostatic (MAC-E) filter—will achieve a sensitivity of $m({\nu }_{e})\lesssim 0.2\,\mathrm{eV}$. The CRES technique aims to avoid the difficulties in scaling up a MAC-E filter-based experiment to achieve a lower mass sensitivity. Here in this paper we review the current status of the CRES technique and describe Project 8, a phased absolute neutrino mass experiment that has the potential to reach sensitivities down to $m({\nu }_{e})\lesssim 40\,\mathrm{meV}$ using an atomic tritium source.},
doi = {10.1088/1361-6471/aa5b4f},
journal = {Journal of Physics. G, Nuclear and Particle Physics},
number = 5,
volume = 44,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Mar 30 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Thu Mar 30 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

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