skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Organic Scintillator for Real-Time Neutron Dosimetry

Abstract

We have developed a radiation detector based on an organic scintillator for spectrometry and dosimetry of out-of-field secondary neutrons from clinical proton beams. The detector consists of an EJ-299-34 crystalline organic scintillator, coupled by fiber optic cable to a silicon photomultiplier (SiPM). Proof of concept measurements were taken with 137Cs and 252Cf, and corresponding simulations were performed in MCNPX-PoliMi. Despite its small size, the detector is able to discriminate between neutron and gamma-rays via pulse shape discrimination. We simulated the response function of the detector to monoenergetic neutrons in the 100 keV–0 MeV range using MCNPX-PoliMi. The measured unfolded 252Cf neutron spectrum is in good agreement with the theoretical Watt fission spectrum. We determined the ambient dose equivalent by folding the spectrum with the fluence-to-ambient dose conversion coefficient, with a 1.4% deviation from theory. Some preliminary proton beam experiments were preformed at the Bronowice Cyclotron Center patient treatment facility using a clinically relevant proton pencil beam for brain tumor and craino-spinal treatment directed at a child phantom.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [2];  [2];  [1];  [1]
  1. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences
  2. Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS), Krakow (Poland). Henryk Niewodniczanski Inst. of Nuclear Physics
  3. Institute of Nuclear Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Radzikowskiego 152, 31-342 Kraków, Poland
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Office of Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation (NA-20)
OSTI Identifier:
1454834
Grant/Contract Number:  
NA0002534; G019737
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Radiation Protection Dosimetry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 180; Journal Issue: 1-4; Journal ID: ISSN 0144-8420
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
61 RADIATION PROTECTION AND DOSIMETRY; 46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

Beyer, Kyle A., Di Fulvio, Angela, Stolarczyk, Liliana, Parol, Wiktor, Moj?eszek, Natalia, Kopec, Renata, Clarke, Shaun D., and Pozzi, Sara A. Organic Scintillator for Real-Time Neutron Dosimetry. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1093/rpd/ncx255.
Beyer, Kyle A., Di Fulvio, Angela, Stolarczyk, Liliana, Parol, Wiktor, Moj?eszek, Natalia, Kopec, Renata, Clarke, Shaun D., & Pozzi, Sara A. Organic Scintillator for Real-Time Neutron Dosimetry. United States. doi:10.1093/rpd/ncx255.
Beyer, Kyle A., Di Fulvio, Angela, Stolarczyk, Liliana, Parol, Wiktor, Moj?eszek, Natalia, Kopec, Renata, Clarke, Shaun D., and Pozzi, Sara A. Wed . "Organic Scintillator for Real-Time Neutron Dosimetry". United States. doi:10.1093/rpd/ncx255. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1454834.
@article{osti_1454834,
title = {Organic Scintillator for Real-Time Neutron Dosimetry},
author = {Beyer, Kyle A. and Di Fulvio, Angela and Stolarczyk, Liliana and Parol, Wiktor and Moj?eszek, Natalia and Kopec, Renata and Clarke, Shaun D. and Pozzi, Sara A.},
abstractNote = {We have developed a radiation detector based on an organic scintillator for spectrometry and dosimetry of out-of-field secondary neutrons from clinical proton beams. The detector consists of an EJ-299-34 crystalline organic scintillator, coupled by fiber optic cable to a silicon photomultiplier (SiPM). Proof of concept measurements were taken with 137Cs and 252Cf, and corresponding simulations were performed in MCNPX-PoliMi. Despite its small size, the detector is able to discriminate between neutron and gamma-rays via pulse shape discrimination. We simulated the response function of the detector to monoenergetic neutrons in the 100 keV–0 MeV range using MCNPX-PoliMi. The measured unfolded 252Cf neutron spectrum is in good agreement with the theoretical Watt fission spectrum. We determined the ambient dose equivalent by folding the spectrum with the fluence-to-ambient dose conversion coefficient, with a 1.4% deviation from theory. Some preliminary proton beam experiments were preformed at the Bronowice Cyclotron Center patient treatment facility using a clinically relevant proton pencil beam for brain tumor and craino-spinal treatment directed at a child phantom.},
doi = {10.1093/rpd/ncx255},
journal = {Radiation Protection Dosimetry},
issn = {0144-8420},
number = 1-4,
volume = 180,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {11}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1 work
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

A scintillation counter with neutron and gamma-ray discriminators
journal, April 1959


Assessing the risk of second malignancies after modern radiotherapy
journal, May 2011

  • Newhauser, Wayne D.; Durante, Marco
  • Nature Reviews Cancer, Vol. 11, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1038/nrc3069

MAXED, A Computer Code For Maximum Entropy Deconvolution of Multisphere Neutron Spectrometer Data
journal, January 1999


Application of Al 2 O 3 :C+fibre dosimeters for 290 MeV/n carbon therapeutic beam dosimetry
journal, October 2015


Pulse shape discrimination in the plastic scintillator EJ-299-33
journal, September 2013

  • Pozzi, S. A.; Bourne, M. M.; Clarke, S. D.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 723
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2013.04.085