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Title: STABILIZATION OF BIO-OIL TO ENABLE ITS HYDROTREATING TO PRODUCE BIOFUELS

Abstract

Fast pyrolysis is considered to be the simplest and most cost-effective approach to produce liquid oil (bio-oil) from biomass. Bio-oil is not suitable to substitute for petroleum as high-quality fuels and significant upgrading such as hydrotreating is required to remove oxygen, add hydrogen, and rearrange carbon backbone of bio-oil. However, the grand challenge in bio-oil hydrotreating technology is bio-oil instability, which limits the lifetime of catalyst and operation. To enable a sustainable and economically viable process for bio-oil hydrotreating, it is vital to develop effective technologies for stabilizing bio-oils. This chapter will be devoted to bio-oil stabilization. The current understating of the major cause of bio-oil instability, condensation of reactive species such as sugar, aldehydes, ketones, and phenolics, is elucidated. The reported physical and chemical methods for bio-oil stabilization are summarized in detail, with a specific focus on bio-oil catalytic hydrogenation for stabilization. The impact of stabilization on bio-oil hydrotreating is discussed as well.

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1439696
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-129878
BM0101010
DOE Contract Number:
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Book
Resource Relation:
Related Information: Hydroprocessing Catalysts and Processes: The Challenges for Biofuels Production, 17:57-76
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Wang, Huamin. STABILIZATION OF BIO-OIL TO ENABLE ITS HYDROTREATING TO PRODUCE BIOFUELS. United States: N. p., 2018. Web.
Wang, Huamin. STABILIZATION OF BIO-OIL TO ENABLE ITS HYDROTREATING TO PRODUCE BIOFUELS. United States.
Wang, Huamin. Tue . "STABILIZATION OF BIO-OIL TO ENABLE ITS HYDROTREATING TO PRODUCE BIOFUELS". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_1439696,
title = {STABILIZATION OF BIO-OIL TO ENABLE ITS HYDROTREATING TO PRODUCE BIOFUELS},
author = {Wang, Huamin},
abstractNote = {Fast pyrolysis is considered to be the simplest and most cost-effective approach to produce liquid oil (bio-oil) from biomass. Bio-oil is not suitable to substitute for petroleum as high-quality fuels and significant upgrading such as hydrotreating is required to remove oxygen, add hydrogen, and rearrange carbon backbone of bio-oil. However, the grand challenge in bio-oil hydrotreating technology is bio-oil instability, which limits the lifetime of catalyst and operation. To enable a sustainable and economically viable process for bio-oil hydrotreating, it is vital to develop effective technologies for stabilizing bio-oils. This chapter will be devoted to bio-oil stabilization. The current understating of the major cause of bio-oil instability, condensation of reactive species such as sugar, aldehydes, ketones, and phenolics, is elucidated. The reported physical and chemical methods for bio-oil stabilization are summarized in detail, with a specific focus on bio-oil catalytic hydrogenation for stabilization. The impact of stabilization on bio-oil hydrotreating is discussed as well.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue May 01 00:00:00 EDT 2018},
month = {Tue May 01 00:00:00 EDT 2018}
}

Book:
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