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Title: Constraints on the chiral magnetic effect using charge-dependent azimuthal correlations in $$p\mathrm{Pb}$$ and PbPb collisions at the CERN Large Hadron Collider

Abstract

Charge-dependent azimuthal correlations of same- and opposite-sign pairs with respect to the second- and third-order event planes have been measured in pPb collisions at sNN=8.16TeV and PbPb collisions at 5.02 TeV with the CMS experiment at the LHC. The measurement is motivated by the search for the charge separation phenomenon predicted by the chiral magnetic effect (CME) in heavy ion collisions. Three- and two-particle azimuthal correlators are extracted as functions of the pseudorapidity difference, the transverse momentum (pT) difference, and the pT average of same- and opposite-charge pairs in various event multiplicity ranges. The data suggest that the charge-dependent three-particle correlators with respect to the second- and third-order event planes share a common origin, predominantly arising from charge-dependent two-particle azimuthal correlations coupled with an anisotropic flow. The CME is expected to lead to a v2-independent three-particle correlation when the magnetic field is fixed. Using an event shape engineering technique, upper limits on the v2-independent fraction of the three-particle correlator are estimated to be 13% for pPb and 7% for PbPb collisions at 95% confidence level. The results of this analysis, both the dominance of two-particle correlations as a source of the three-particle results and the similarities seen between PbPb and pPb,more » provide stringent constraints on the origin of charge-dependent three-particle azimuthal correlations and challenge their interpretation as arising from a chiral magnetic effect in heavy ion collisions.« less

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States); Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Contributing Org.:
CMS
OSTI Identifier:
1434358
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1374701
Report Number(s):
FERMILAB-PUB-17-309-CMS; CMS-HIN-17-001; CERN-EP-2017-193; arXiv:1708.01602
1614482
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-07CH11359
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Published Article
Journal Name:
Phys.Rev.
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: C97; Journal Issue: 4
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

Sirunyan, Albert M, and et al. Constraints on the chiral magnetic effect using charge-dependent azimuthal correlations in $p\mathrm{Pb}$ and PbPb collisions at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.97.044912.
Sirunyan, Albert M, & et al. Constraints on the chiral magnetic effect using charge-dependent azimuthal correlations in $p\mathrm{Pb}$ and PbPb collisions at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.97.044912.
Sirunyan, Albert M, and et al. Tue . "Constraints on the chiral magnetic effect using charge-dependent azimuthal correlations in $p\mathrm{Pb}$ and PbPb collisions at the CERN Large Hadron Collider". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.97.044912.
@article{osti_1434358,
title = {Constraints on the chiral magnetic effect using charge-dependent azimuthal correlations in $p\mathrm{Pb}$ and PbPb collisions at the CERN Large Hadron Collider},
author = {Sirunyan, Albert M and et al.},
abstractNote = {Charge-dependent azimuthal correlations of same- and opposite-sign pairs with respect to the second- and third-order event planes have been measured in pPb collisions at sNN=8.16TeV and PbPb collisions at 5.02 TeV with the CMS experiment at the LHC. The measurement is motivated by the search for the charge separation phenomenon predicted by the chiral magnetic effect (CME) in heavy ion collisions. Three- and two-particle azimuthal correlators are extracted as functions of the pseudorapidity difference, the transverse momentum (pT) difference, and the pT average of same- and opposite-charge pairs in various event multiplicity ranges. The data suggest that the charge-dependent three-particle correlators with respect to the second- and third-order event planes share a common origin, predominantly arising from charge-dependent two-particle azimuthal correlations coupled with an anisotropic flow. The CME is expected to lead to a v2-independent three-particle correlation when the magnetic field is fixed. Using an event shape engineering technique, upper limits on the v2-independent fraction of the three-particle correlator are estimated to be 13% for pPb and 7% for PbPb collisions at 95% confidence level. The results of this analysis, both the dominance of two-particle correlations as a source of the three-particle results and the similarities seen between PbPb and pPb, provide stringent constraints on the origin of charge-dependent three-particle azimuthal correlations and challenge their interpretation as arising from a chiral magnetic effect in heavy ion collisions.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.97.044912},
journal = {Phys.Rev.},
number = 4,
volume = C97,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Apr 24 00:00:00 EDT 2018},
month = {Tue Apr 24 00:00:00 EDT 2018}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record at 10.1103/PhysRevC.97.044912

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