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Title: Robust Immobilized Amine CO 2 Sorbent Pellets Utilizing a Poly(Chloroprene) Polymer Binder and Fly Ash Additive

Abstract

Pelletization of ca. 50 wt % amine/silica carbon dioxide sorbents was achieved with the novel combination of fly ash (FA) as a strength additive and hydrophobic poly(chloroprene) (PC) as a binder. The PC content and overall synthesis procedure of these materials were optimized to produce pellets, labeled as FA/E100-S_(20/80)_12.2, with the highest ball-mill attrition resistance (<0.5 wt % by fines, 24 h) and maximum CO 2 capture capacity of 1.78 mmol CO 2 g -1. The strength of the pellets was attributed to hydrogen-bonding of the relatively homogeneous PC network with the interlocked FA and BIAS particles (DRIFTS, SEM-EDS). The low degradation of 3–4 % in the pellet's CO 2 capture capacity under both dry TGA (7.5 h) and practical fixed-bed (6.5 h dry; 4.5 h humid,≈5 vol % H 2O) CO 2 adsorption–desorption conditions highlights the pellet's excellent cyclic stability. These robust pellet characteristics make PC/FA/sorbent materials promising for commercial scale, point-source CO 2 capture.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [4];  [3]
  1. National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), Pittsburgh, PA, and Morgantown, WV (United States); Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), Pittsburgh, PA, and Morgantown, WV (United States); AECOM, Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  3. National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), Pittsburgh, PA, and Morgantown, WV (United States)
  4. Benefit Association of the Santa Catarina Coal Industry (SATC) (Brazil). Clean Coal Research Center
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), Pittsburgh, PA, Morgantown, WV (United States); Oak Ridge Inst. for Science and Education (ORISE), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Fossil Energy (FE); Santa Catarina Coal Industry (SATC); AECOM, Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
1433615
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1401460
Report Number(s):
NETL-PUB-20525
Journal ID: ISSN 2194-4288
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Energy Technology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 2194-4288
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; amines; carbon dioxide capture; cycle stability; pellets; polymers

Citation Formats

Wilfong, Walter Christopher, Kail, Brian W., Howard, Bret H., Fernandes de Aquino, Thiago, Teixeira Estevam, Sabrina, and Gray, McMahan L. Robust Immobilized Amine CO2 Sorbent Pellets Utilizing a Poly(Chloroprene) Polymer Binder and Fly Ash Additive. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1002/ente.201600319.
Wilfong, Walter Christopher, Kail, Brian W., Howard, Bret H., Fernandes de Aquino, Thiago, Teixeira Estevam, Sabrina, & Gray, McMahan L. Robust Immobilized Amine CO2 Sorbent Pellets Utilizing a Poly(Chloroprene) Polymer Binder and Fly Ash Additive. United States. doi:10.1002/ente.201600319.
Wilfong, Walter Christopher, Kail, Brian W., Howard, Bret H., Fernandes de Aquino, Thiago, Teixeira Estevam, Sabrina, and Gray, McMahan L. Thu . "Robust Immobilized Amine CO2 Sorbent Pellets Utilizing a Poly(Chloroprene) Polymer Binder and Fly Ash Additive". United States. doi:10.1002/ente.201600319. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1433615.
@article{osti_1433615,
title = {Robust Immobilized Amine CO2 Sorbent Pellets Utilizing a Poly(Chloroprene) Polymer Binder and Fly Ash Additive},
author = {Wilfong, Walter Christopher and Kail, Brian W. and Howard, Bret H. and Fernandes de Aquino, Thiago and Teixeira Estevam, Sabrina and Gray, McMahan L.},
abstractNote = {Pelletization of ca. 50 wt % amine/silica carbon dioxide sorbents was achieved with the novel combination of fly ash (FA) as a strength additive and hydrophobic poly(chloroprene) (PC) as a binder. The PC content and overall synthesis procedure of these materials were optimized to produce pellets, labeled as FA/E100-S_(20/80)_12.2, with the highest ball-mill attrition resistance (<0.5 wt % by fines, 24 h) and maximum CO2 capture capacity of 1.78 mmol CO2 g-1. The strength of the pellets was attributed to hydrogen-bonding of the relatively homogeneous PC network with the interlocked FA and BIAS particles (DRIFTS, SEM-EDS). The low degradation of 3–4 % in the pellet's CO2 capture capacity under both dry TGA (7.5 h) and practical fixed-bed (6.5 h dry; 4.5 h humid,≈5 vol % H2O) CO2 adsorption–desorption conditions highlights the pellet's excellent cyclic stability. These robust pellet characteristics make PC/FA/sorbent materials promising for commercial scale, point-source CO2 capture.},
doi = {10.1002/ente.201600319},
journal = {Energy Technology},
issn = {2194-4288},
number = 2,
volume = 5,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {8}
}

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